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Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Online Coaching

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Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Exam Coaching: Key Highlights

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An Overview of Scientific Officer Exam Coaching

The Kerala Public Service Commission (KPSC) conducts the Scientific Officer Exam every year to select suitable candidates. This year the exam is expected to be held in the coming months and those who are eligible to appear for the exam should start preparing now!

The Scientific Officer Exam exam is a prestigious opportunity for candidates to secure a position as a Scientific Officer in the government sector. Usually, the selection process for the mentioned post includes Prelims and Mains. Those who clear all the stages will be called for document verification and further. The exam will consist of multiple-choice questions to evaluate the candidate's knowledge in various subjects such as physics, chemistry, biology, documents, and mathematics.

In order to perform well, candidates must stay updated with the latest syllabus, exam pattern, and previous year's question papers. Candidates can also utilize online resources and KPSC Scientific Officer exam coaching centers to prepare effectively. With the proper preparation and guidance, candidates can increase their chances of securing a position as a Scientific Officer in Kerala.

Application Process of Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Exam
  • Before applying for the Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Exam 2024, Applicants should review the official notification to ensure they meet all of the requirements set forth by the Commission.
  • Later, Applications must be submitted online through the official website of the Commission – keralapsc.gov.in
  • Applicants must register through One Time Registration in order to apply for the given post. Once registered, they can apply by logging into their PSC Thulasi profile.
  • After logging into the profile on the main page, click the notification bar.
  • Locate the application link of scientific officer posts by using the titles that are provided within the notification bar.
  • Select the Apply Now option next to the scientific officer application
  • Upload your photos and fill in the essential information, including the date and name. The candidate's name and the date of the photograph should be clearly stated at the bottom. The photograph you post should have been taken within the last ten years. Candidates who create a new profile must add a photograph taken within 6 months. The photograph, once uploaded and meeting all standards, will be valid for ten years from the date of upload.
  • Fill out all of the details carefully and click on the Next tab
  • Review the application once more, tick on the agreed-upon tab, and submit.
  • If a Written/OMR/Online Test is conducted as part of this selection, candidates should submit a confirmation for writing the examination through their One Time Registration profile. Such candidates alone can generate and download the Admission Tickets. The applications of candidates who do not submit confirmation within the stipulated period, will be rejected
  • Candidates can take the printout of the application by clicking on the link ‘My applications’ in their profile.
Categories of Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Exam
The Kerala Public Service Commission (PSC) conducts the Scientific Officer Exam, which includes four categories. These categories are Chemistry (633/2023), Biology (634/2023), Documents (635/2023), and Physics (636/2023). Each category covers specific topics related to the scientific field and requires candidates to demonstrate their knowledge and expertise in those mentioned areas. The exam is conducted to evaluate the proficiency of candidates and determine their suitability for scientific officer positions.
Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Selection Process 2024

The selection process of Scientific Officer candidates will be conducted through an OMR exam followed by document verification and an Interview (if required). The OMR exam will be designed to test the knowledge, skills, and abilities of the applicants in their respective subject areas. Candidates who qualify for the written exam will be called for documents and physical verification. If required, the successful candidates will then be invited for an interview to assess their suitability for the position. The interview will be conducted by a panel of experts and will cover topics related to the subject matter of the position. Those candidates who clear all the recruitment stages will be considered for the mentioned post. Candidates applying for the post should ensure that they possess the prescribed qualifications, experience, etc., as false claims will result in disciplinary action.

Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Exam Pattern 2024

Subject

Exam Mode

Medium

Number of Questions

Duration 

Chemistry

ONLINE / OMR

English

100

1 hour 30 Minutes

Biology

Physics

Documents

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KPSC Scientific Officer Notification detail 2024

Kerala Public Service Commission (PSC) has released a notification for Scientific Officer Recruitment 2024 on December 30, 2023. The recruitment drive is held for Chemistry (633/2023), Biology (634/2023), Documents (635/2023), and Physics (636/2023) categories. The notification is released online on the official portal of the Commission – keralapsc.gov.in. Eligible applications must be submitted online only through the official website of the Kerala Public Service Commission from December 29, 2023, until January 31, 2024. Find an overview of the recruitment below. 

Event

Details

Exam Name

Scientific Officer 

Category Number

Chemistry (633/2023), Biology (634/2023), Documents (635/2023), and Physics (636/2023)

Conduct By

Kerala PSC

Conducted For

Kerala Police Service (Forensic Science Laboratory)

Level of Exam

State Level

Qualification Required

Post Graduation in Related Field

Age Limit

20-36 Years

Notification Release Date

December 30, 2023

Application Starts

December 30, 2023

Last Date to Apply

January 31, 2024

Recruitment type

Direct

Mode of Exam

Online

Exam Duration

1 Hours 30 Minutes

Official Website

keralapsc.gov.in

KPSC Scientific Officer Eligibility Criteria 2024
The Kerala Public Service Commission (KPSC) has set certain eligibility criteria for candidates aspiring to become Scientific Officers. The eligibility criteria include various requirements such as educational qualifications, age limit, nationality, and other relevant factors. If you are interested in applying for the KPSC Scientific Officer post, review the eligibility details below.
KPSC Scientific Officer Chemistry (633/2023)

Find the age limit and educational qualification of the applicant of Scientific Officer Chemistry 2024!

KPSC Scientific Officer Chemistry Age Limit

  • 20- 36 Years
  • Candidates for the positions must be born between January 2, 1987, and January 1, 2003, with the customary age relaxation granted to members of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Communities

KPSC Scientific Officer Chemistry Educational Qualification

  • Post Graduate Degree in Chemistry with not less than 50% marks from a recognized University.

Preferential Qualification

  • M.Phil Degree in Chemistry from a recognised University.
  • Two years Research/Analytical experience in Chemistry from a recognised institution.
Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Biology (634/2023)

Below are the eligibility criteria for the Kerala PSC scientific officer biology 2024.

KPSC Scientific Officer Biology Age Limit

  • 20- 36 Years
  • Candidates for positions must have been born between January 2, 1987 and January 1, 2003, with the customary age relaxation allowed to members of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Communities.

KPSC Scientific Officer Biology Educational Qualification

  • Post Graduate Degree in Botany/Zoology with not less than 50% marks from a recognised University.

Preferential Qualification

  • M.Phil Degree in Botany/Zoology from a recognised University.
  • Two years Research/Analytical experience in Botany/Zoology from a recognised institution.
Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Documents (636/2023)

The requirements for being eligible for the Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Documents 2024 are listed below.

KPSC Scientific Officer Documents Age Limit

  • 20 – 36 Years
  • Only people who were born between 02.01.1987 and 01.01.2003 are eligible to apply for this position, with the customary age relaxation for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and Other Backward Communities.

KPSC Scientific Officer Documents Educational Qualification

  • Post Graduate Degree in Physics/Chemistry with not less than 50% marks from a recognised University.

Preferential Qualification

  • M.Phil Degree in Physics/Chemistry from a recognised University.
  • Two years Research/Analytical experience in Physics/Chemistry from a recognised institution.
Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Physics (636/2023)

Check the minimum age and educational requirements for the Scientific Officer Physics 2024 application!

KPSC Scientific Officer Physics Age Limit

  • 20 – 36 Years
  • Only candidates born between 02.01.1987 and 01.01.2003 are eligible to apply for this post with usual age relaxation to Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Communities.

KPSC Scientific Officer Physics Educational Qualification

  • Post Graduate Degree in Physics with not less than 50% marks from a recognised University.

Preferential Qualification

  • M.Phil Degree in Physics from a recognised University.
  • Two years Research/Analytical experience in Physics from a recognised institution.
Kerala PSC Scientific Officer Syllabus 2024
Physics
Chemistry
Biology

Topic

Subjects

Classical Mechanics

Constraints and Generalized coordinates, D'Alembert's principle and Lagrange’s equation, Velocity dependent potentials, Hamilton’s Principle, Lagrange’s equation from Hamilton’s Principle, Kepler problem, Hamilton -Jacobi equation, Hamilton’s principle and characteristic function, H-J equation for the linear harmonic oscillator, Euler angles, Centrifugal and Coriolis forces, Nonlinear oscillations, Limit cycles, Chaos – Logistic map.

Mathematical methods and group theory

Properties of Fourier series, Fourier integral, Fourier transform, Gamma function, Beta function, Delta function, Bessel functions of the first and second kinds, Neumann function, Spherical Bessel function, Legendre polynomials, Generating function, Recurrence relation, Rodrigues formula, Orthogonality, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics, Hermite polynomials, Laguerre polynomials, Cauchy-Reimann conditions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Laurent expansion, Singularities, Calculus of residues and applications.

Electronics

Biasing of Field-effect Transistor (FET), FET as VVR and its applications, Photodetectors – Light-dependent resistor- photodiode, p-n junction solar cells, Basic operational amplifier characteristics, differential amplifier, OPAMP parameters, OP AMP as inverter, Analog integration and differentiation, Electronic analog computation, Active low pass filter, High pass Butterworth filters, Band pass filter, OP AMP based astable and monostable multivibrators, Schmidt trigger. Amplitude modulation and demodulation circuits, Comparison of signal-to-noise ratios, Pulse code modulation, Communications receivers, FM transmitters, VHF/UHF systems, Microwave systems, and Satellite communications.

Quantum Mechanics

Vector spaces, The Hilbert space, Operators and their properties, Angular momentum operators, Matrix representation of angular momentum operators, Pauli spin matrices, Orbital angular momentum, differential and total cross–section, optical theorem, Harmonic perturbation, Interaction of an atom with the electromagnetic field, Induced emission, and absorption, Anharmonic oscillator, stark and Zeeman effects in hydrogen, Hole theory, The Weyl equation. The Klein-Gordon equation, Charge, and current densities.

Statistical mechanics

The entropy of mixing and Gibbs paradox – Phase space of a classical system – Liouville’s theorem and its consequences, Equipartition theorem – Virial theorem – The density matrix, Thermodynamic behavior of an ideal Bose gas, Thermodynamic behavior of an ideal Fermi gas- Magnetic behavior of an ideal Fermi Gas: Pauli paramagnetism, Landau diamagnetism.

Nuclear and particle Physics

Nuclear size, shape, mass, and binding energy, semi-empirical mass formula Characteristics of nuclear forces, spin–orbit potential, electric quadruple moments, parity violation in beta decay, and internal conversion. Conservation laws and symmetries, Quark model, The eightfold way, quantum chromodynamics, and gluons. Fick’s law and its validity, Shell structure and magic numbers, Single crystal and Powder diffraction, Scherrer equation, Debye-Scherrer Camera, Applications of XRD.

Solid State Physics

Miller indices, Reciprocal lattice, Brillouin zones, Einstein and Debye models of specific heat, Nearly free electron model and formation of energy bands, Bloch functions, Kronig Penny model, Dielectric constant, Local Electric field, Ferroelectric domain, Antiferroelectricity, Piezoelectricity, Langevin‟s theory of diamagnetism, Weiss theory of ferromagnetism, Neel Model of Antiferromagnetism, Type I and Type II superconductors, energy gap Isotope effect, London equation, Cooper pairs, High Tc Superconductors, Cuprates.

Atomic and molecular Spectroscopy

The spectrum of nonrigid rotator, Born –Oppenheimer approximation, Normal modes and vibration of H2O and CO2, Rotational Raman Spectrum of Symmetric top molecules, stimulated Raman effect, and Inverse Raman Effect. Vibrational Analysis of band systems, Deslander’s table, Interaction of nuclear spin and magnetic field, Larmour precession, Mossbauer Spectroscopy, Resonance fluorescence of γ-rays

Microprocessor

Organization of microcomputers, microprocessor as CPU, Addition, Subtraction of two 8 bit & 16 bit numbers, Organization and internal architecture of the Intel 8085,Timings of Intel 8085, Data transfer schemes of Intel 8085, Applications of Microprocessors, Analog to Digital converter, Clock for A/D conversion, Sample and Hold circuit, Analog multiplexer and Overview of 8051 microcontroller.

Lasers and Fibre Optics

Einstein coefficients, Line-broadening mechanisms, Q-Switching, Mode locking, Four level solid state lasers, CO2 lasers, Dye lasers, Semiconductor lasers, Spatial frequency filtering and holography, Second Harmonic Generation. Acceptance angle of Optical Fibre, Numerical aperture of optical fiber, Step-index fibers, Graded index fibers. Attenuation in optical fibers, Absorption losses, Leaky modes, Radiation induced losses, Inherent defect losses.

Topics

Subjects

Inorganic Chemistry 1

Structure and bonding in molecules- Chemical periodicity- Chemistry of Hydrogen and s block elements- Chemistry of p block elements and d block elements- Extractive chemistry of various metals of commercial importance- Chemistry of Non Transition elements like Glass Theories of acids and bases- HSAB concept- solvent effects, linear free energy relationship – mechanism and methods of determination, super acids – Reactions in Non-aqueous solvents Protic and Aprotic solvents- Chemistry of Isopoly and Heteropoly acid, etc.

Inorganic Chemistry 2

Construction of energy level diagrams. Correlation diagram. Method of descending symmetry. Term symbols; Correlation diagrams for dn and d10 ions in octahedral and tetrahedral fields ; Orgel and Tanabe-Sugano diagrams. Symmetry and Selection rules for electronic spectra, IR and Raman Theory of Electronic, IR, NMR, ESR and Mossbauer spectra of complexes. Different aspects of magnetic properties of complexes and their determination.

Mossbauer Spectroscopy: Application of the technique to the studies of iron and tin complexes Nomenclature, synthesis, structure, properties and bonding of organo-metallic compounds – metal carbonyls and cyanides – Complexes with linear π donor ligands: Olefins, acetylenes, dienes and allyl complexes. Complexes with cyclic π donors: Cyclopentadiene, benzene complexes. Structure and bonding of ferrocene and dibenzenechromium complexes – Metal – Metal bonds and metal atom clusters. Essential and trace metal elements in biological systems.

Inorganic Chemistry 3

Nuclear reactions – structure and stability- Magic numbers – Detailed study of different nuclear models- radioactive equilibria and equations of radioactive decay and growth – Nuclear reactions: Direct nuclear reactions, heavy ion induced nuclear reactions, photonuclear reactions. Neutron captures cross section and critical size -Applications of nuclear reactions- fission and fusion; neutron activation analysis – counting techniques. Solid State Chemistry: Crystal symmetry- Point groups and space groups. Miller indices and Bravais Lattices- Close packed structures: BCC, FCC and HCP. Voids. Coordination number. X-ray diffraction by crystals: Applications and calculations using Bragg’s equation and indexing methods. Different types of Crystal defects and consequences Electronic structure of solids. Different theories about conductors, insulators and semiconductors and their applications. Doping and band gap adjustments. AX, AX2, AmX2, ABX3, Spinels and Inverse spinel structures. Structure and theories of Liquids- Liquid crystals and their applications. Temperature dependence of conductivity, carrier density and carrier mobility in semiconductors – Superconductivity, Photoconductivity Photovoltaic effect. Color in inorganic solids. Dielectric properties. Dielectric materials. Ferroelectricity, pyroelectricity, piezoelectricity and ionic conductivity. Applications of ferro, piezo and pyroelectricity, etc.

Organic Chemistry 

Nomenclature of organic compounds – Cyclic, fused polycyclic and bridged polycyclic hydrocarbons, bridged and fused hydrocarbon systems, Spirocyclic hydrocarbon systems, Heterocyclic systems containing Nitrogen and Oxygen. Molecular symmetry and chirality, axial chirality, planar chirality and helicity, relative configuration, stereochemical nomenclature, R and S, E and Z. Stereochemistry of biphenyl and allenes – Topicity and prostereo isomerism -asymmetric synthesis. Axial stereochemistry: atropisomerism and its designation – biphenyls, allenes, spiranes- M and P configurations. Stereoselectivity: enantioselectivity, diastereoselectivity & stereoconvergence. Stereospecific and stereoselective synthesis. stereotypicality & stereo projections. Prochiral center and prochiral faces – Pro R and Pro S, Re face and Si face, Importance of prochirality in biological systems. Geometrical isomerism, Conformational analysis in acyclic and cyclic systems , Application of Cram’s rule, Felkin–Ahn model Basic concepts of Organic reactions – Electron displacement effects –Aromaticity and antiaromaticity. Non aromatic, homoaromatic, hetero and non–benzenoid aromatic systems. Aromaticity of annulenes, mesoionic compounds, metallocenes, cyclic carbocations and carbanions, etc.

Organic Chemistry 2

Mechanism with evidence of Wagner – Meerwein, Pinacol, Demjanov, Hofmann, Curtius, Schmidt, Lossen, Beckmann, Fries, Hofmann–Martius, Dienone–phenol, Benzilic acid, Benzidine, Favorskii, Stevens and Wolf rearrangement.

Oxidation and Reduction reactions in organic synthesis- Reduction using boranes, hindered boranes and derivatives- NaBH4, and LiAlH4, DIBAL-H, tri-n-butyltin hydride, diimide, and aluminum alkoxide. Birch reduction, Clemmensen reduction and Wolff – Kishner reduction, Huang – Minlon modification, Rosenmund reduction – allylic and benzylic oxidation, Sharpless epoxidation, oxidation using SeO2, manganese (IV) oxide, lead tetraacetate, ozone, peracids, DDQ, silver carbonate and Cr(VI) reagents. Jones oxidation, Swern oxidation, Moffatt oxidation, Sommelet reaction. Applications of HIO4, OsO4 and mCPBA Linear Free Energy Relations, etc.

Use of various organic, inorganic and organometallic reagents in organic synthesis Grignard reagents, Alkyl lithiums, Lithium Dialkylcuprates, Alkynyl copper reagents, Tebbe reagents etc. Use of various protecting groups in peptide synthesis. Phase transfer catalysis and its applications.

Organic Chemistry 3

Photochemical processes. Singlet and triplet states and their reactivity, Jablonski diagram, Energy transfer, sensitization and quenching. Photoreactions of carbonyl compounds, dienes and arenes. Patterno-Buchi and Barton reactions, Hofmann- Löffler- Freytag reaction, photo-Fries and Di-π methane, di- π methane rearrangements. Applications of photochemistry. Classification of pericyclic reactions, FMO, Correlation diagram, Mobius and Huckel theory of electrocyclic and cyclo addition reactions- Stereo and region selectivity and industrial applications of Diels Alder reaction, 1,3–Dipolar cycloaddition and Sigmatropic rearrangements

Chemistry of Natural Products : Terpenes, steroids, alkaloids, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins, prostaglandins, hormones and enzymes, etc.

Physical Chemistry 1

Gaseous State- Maxwell’s distribution and equation- Transport phenomena- Chapman equation- Equations of state of real gasses- van der Waals, Virial and other equations- Intermolecular forces and consequences, etc.

Physical Chemistry 2

The gas-solid interphase, types of adsorption. Monolayer and multilayer adsorption – Adsorption Isotherms Heat of adsorption and its determination – Adsorption from solutions -Determination of surface area of solids-Harkins–Jura absolute method, point B method, Langmuir method and BET method-Principles of LEED, SEM, TEM, ECSA, Photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning probe microscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy, etc.

Physical Chemistry 3

Classical mechanics and its limitations –need of quantum mechanics, de Broglie relation and its experimental proof, uncertainty principle and its consequences- Formulation of Quantum Mechanics – Postulates of quantum mechanics- Application of Quantum mechanics to Exactly Solvable Model Problems- Translational motion- Quantum mechanical tunneling- Vibrational motion- and Rotational motion –SHO, Rigid Rotor- Legendre polynomials and associated Legendre functions Approximation Methods and Chemical Bonding – Hydrogen like Atoms -Multi Electron Systems, etc.

Analytical, Environmental, Material & Supramolecular chemistry

Evaluation of analytical data, Accuracy and precision. Standard deviation, variance and coefficient of variation. Student ‘t’ test, ‘Q’ test, and ‘F’ test. Confidence limits- Errors and their minimisation- Significant figures-Correlation analysis- Calculation of R by method of least squares, etc.

Topics

Subjects

Zoology

Systematics, Animal Diversity, Ethology, Evolution and Zoogeography, Research Methodology and Biostatistics, Biophysics and Instrumentation, Biochemistry, Physiology and Immunology, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics, Developmental Biology and Genetics, Ecology, Biodiversity Conservation, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Economic Zoology, Entomology, Fisheries, Wildlife Biology and Human Genetics, Recent Developments in Zoology

Botany

Phycology, Mycology, Plant Pathology, Bryology, Pteridology, Gymnosperms, Microbiology, Paleobotany, Angiosperm Anatomy, Microtechnique, Embryology, Palynology, Plant Breeding, Evolution, Taxonomy, Morphology, Economic Botany, Ethnobotany, Phytogeography, Forest Botany, Environmental Biology, Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Plant Physiology, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Biostatistics, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics

Botany

Phycology, Mycology, Plant Pathology, Bryology, Pteridology, Gymnosperms, Microbiology, Paleobotany, Angiosperm Anatomy, Microtechnique, Embryology, Palynology, Plant Breeding, Evolution, Taxonomy, Morphology, Economic Botany, Ethnobotany, Phytogeography, Forest Botany, Environmental Biology, Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Plant Physiology, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Biostatistics, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics

Physics

Topic

Subjects

Classical Mechanics

Constraints and Generalized coordinates, D'Alembert's principle and Lagrange’s equation, Velocity dependent potentials, Hamilton’s Principle, Lagrange’s equation from Hamilton’s Principle, Kepler problem, Hamilton -Jacobi equation, Hamilton’s principle and characteristic function, H-J equation for the linear harmonic oscillator, Euler angles, Centrifugal and Coriolis forces, Nonlinear oscillations, Limit cycles, Chaos – Logistic map.

Mathematical methods and group theory

Properties of Fourier series, Fourier integral, Fourier transform, Gamma function, Beta function, Delta function, Bessel functions of the first and second kinds, Neumann function, Spherical Bessel function, Legendre polynomials, Generating function, Recurrence relation, Rodrigues formula, Orthogonality, Associated Legendre polynomials, Spherical harmonics, Hermite polynomials, Laguerre polynomials, Cauchy-Reimann conditions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Laurent expansion, Singularities, Calculus of residues and applications.

Electronics

Biasing of Field-effect Transistor (FET), FET as VVR and its applications, Photodetectors – Light-dependent resistor- photodiode, p-n junction solar cells, Basic operational amplifier characteristics, differential amplifier, OPAMP parameters, OP AMP as inverter, Analog integration and differentiation, Electronic analog computation, Active low pass filter, High pass Butterworth filters, Band pass filter, OP AMP based astable and monostable multivibrators, Schmidt trigger. Amplitude modulation and demodulation circuits, Comparison of signal-to-noise ratios, Pulse code modulation, Communications receivers, FM transmitters, VHF/UHF systems, Microwave systems, and Satellite communications.

Quantum Mechanics

Vector spaces, The Hilbert space, Operators and their properties, Angular momentum operators, Matrix representation of angular momentum operators, Pauli spin matrices, Orbital angular momentum, differential and total cross–section, optical theorem, Harmonic perturbation, Interaction of an atom with the electromagnetic field, Induced emission, and absorption, Anharmonic oscillator, stark and Zeeman effects in hydrogen, Hole theory, The Weyl equation. The Klein-Gordon equation, Charge, and current densities.

Statistical mechanics

The entropy of mixing and Gibbs paradox – Phase space of a classical system – Liouville’s theorem and its consequences, Equipartition theorem – Virial theorem – The density matrix, Thermodynamic behavior of an ideal Bose gas, Thermodynamic behavior of an ideal Fermi gas- Magnetic behavior of an ideal Fermi Gas: Pauli paramagnetism, Landau diamagnetism.

Nuclear and particle Physics

Nuclear size, shape, mass, and binding energy, semi-empirical mass formula Characteristics of nuclear forces, spin–orbit potential, electric quadruple moments, parity violation in beta decay, and internal conversion. Conservation laws and symmetries, Quark model, The eightfold way, quantum chromodynamics, and gluons. Fick’s law and its validity, Shell structure and magic numbers, Single crystal and Powder diffraction, Scherrer equation, Debye-Scherrer Camera, Applications of XRD.

Solid State Physics

Miller indices, Reciprocal lattice, Brillouin zones, Einstein and Debye models of specific heat, Nearly free electron model and formation of energy bands, Bloch functions, Kronig Penny model, Dielectric constant, Local Electric field, Ferroelectric domain, Antiferroelectricity, Piezoelectricity, Langevin‟s theory of diamagnetism, Weiss theory of ferromagnetism, Neel Model of Antiferromagnetism, Type I and Type II superconductors, energy gap Isotope effect, London equation, Cooper pairs, High Tc Superconductors, Cuprates.

Atomic and molecular Spectroscopy

The spectrum of nonrigid rotator, Born –Oppenheimer approximation, Normal modes and vibration of H2O and CO2, Rotational Raman Spectrum of Symmetric top molecules, stimulated Raman effect, and Inverse Raman Effect. Vibrational Analysis of band systems, Deslander’s table, Interaction of nuclear spin and magnetic field, Larmour precession, Mossbauer Spectroscopy, Resonance fluorescence of γ-rays

Microprocessor

Organization of microcomputers, microprocessor as CPU, Addition, Subtraction of two 8 bit & 16 bit numbers, Organization and internal architecture of the Intel 8085,Timings of Intel 8085, Data transfer schemes of Intel 8085, Applications of Microprocessors, Analog to Digital converter, Clock for A/D conversion, Sample and Hold circuit, Analog multiplexer and Overview of 8051 microcontroller.

Lasers and Fibre Optics

Einstein coefficients, Line-broadening mechanisms, Q-Switching, Mode locking, Four level solid state lasers, CO2 lasers, Dye lasers, Semiconductor lasers, Spatial frequency filtering and holography, Second Harmonic Generation. Acceptance angle of Optical Fibre, Numerical aperture of optical fiber, Step-index fibers, Graded index fibers. Attenuation in optical fibers, Absorption losses, Leaky modes, Radiation induced losses, Inherent defect losses.

Chemistry

Topics

Subjects

Inorganic Chemistry 1

Structure and bonding in molecules- Chemical periodicity- Chemistry of Hydrogen and s block elements- Chemistry of p block elements and d block elements- Extractive chemistry of various metals of commercial importance- Chemistry of Non Transition elements like Glass Theories of acids and bases- HSAB concept- solvent effects, linear free energy relationship – mechanism and methods of determination, super acids – Reactions in Non-aqueous solvents Protic and Aprotic solvents- Chemistry of Isopoly and Heteropoly acid, etc.

Inorganic Chemistry 2

Construction of energy level diagrams. Correlation diagram. Method of descending symmetry. Term symbols; Correlation diagrams for dn and d10 ions in octahedral and tetrahedral fields ; Orgel and Tanabe-Sugano diagrams. Symmetry and Selection rules for electronic spectra, IR and Raman Theory of Electronic, IR, NMR, ESR and Mossbauer spectra of complexes. Different aspects of magnetic properties of complexes and their determination.

Mossbauer Spectroscopy: Application of the technique to the studies of iron and tin complexes Nomenclature, synthesis, structure, properties and bonding of organo-metallic compounds – metal carbonyls and cyanides – Complexes with linear π donor ligands: Olefins, acetylenes, dienes and allyl complexes. Complexes with cyclic π donors: Cyclopentadiene, benzene complexes. Structure and bonding of ferrocene and dibenzenechromium complexes – Metal – Metal bonds and metal atom clusters. Essential and trace metal elements in biological systems.

Inorganic Chemistry 3

Nuclear reactions – structure and stability- Magic numbers – Detailed study of different nuclear models- radioactive equilibria and equations of radioactive decay and growth – Nuclear reactions: Direct nuclear reactions, heavy ion induced nuclear reactions, photonuclear reactions. Neutron captures cross section and critical size -Applications of nuclear reactions- fission and fusion; neutron activation analysis – counting techniques. Solid State Chemistry: Crystal symmetry- Point groups and space groups. Miller indices and Bravais Lattices- Close packed structures: BCC, FCC and HCP. Voids. Coordination number. X-ray diffraction by crystals: Applications and calculations using Bragg’s equation and indexing methods. Different types of Crystal defects and consequences Electronic structure of solids. Different theories about conductors, insulators and semiconductors and their applications. Doping and band gap adjustments. AX, AX2, AmX2, ABX3, Spinels and Inverse spinel structures. Structure and theories of Liquids- Liquid crystals and their applications. Temperature dependence of conductivity, carrier density and carrier mobility in semiconductors – Superconductivity, Photoconductivity Photovoltaic effect. Color in inorganic solids. Dielectric properties. Dielectric materials. Ferroelectricity, pyroelectricity, piezoelectricity and ionic conductivity. Applications of ferro, piezo and pyroelectricity, etc.

Organic Chemistry 

Nomenclature of organic compounds – Cyclic, fused polycyclic and bridged polycyclic hydrocarbons, bridged and fused hydrocarbon systems, Spirocyclic hydrocarbon systems, Heterocyclic systems containing Nitrogen and Oxygen. Molecular symmetry and chirality, axial chirality, planar chirality and helicity, relative configuration, stereochemical nomenclature, R and S, E and Z. Stereochemistry of biphenyl and allenes – Topicity and prostereo isomerism -asymmetric synthesis. Axial stereochemistry: atropisomerism and its designation – biphenyls, allenes, spiranes- M and P configurations. Stereoselectivity: enantioselectivity, diastereoselectivity & stereoconvergence. Stereospecific and stereoselective synthesis. stereotypicality & stereo projections. Prochiral center and prochiral faces – Pro R and Pro S, Re face and Si face, Importance of prochirality in biological systems. Geometrical isomerism, Conformational analysis in acyclic and cyclic systems , Application of Cram’s rule, Felkin–Ahn model Basic concepts of Organic reactions – Electron displacement effects –Aromaticity and antiaromaticity. Non aromatic, homoaromatic, hetero and non–benzenoid aromatic systems. Aromaticity of annulenes, mesoionic compounds, metallocenes, cyclic carbocations and carbanions, etc.

Organic Chemistry 2

Mechanism with evidence of Wagner – Meerwein, Pinacol, Demjanov, Hofmann, Curtius, Schmidt, Lossen, Beckmann, Fries, Hofmann–Martius, Dienone–phenol, Benzilic acid, Benzidine, Favorskii, Stevens and Wolf rearrangement.

Oxidation and Reduction reactions in organic synthesis- Reduction using boranes, hindered boranes and derivatives- NaBH4, and LiAlH4, DIBAL-H, tri-n-butyltin hydride, diimide, and aluminum alkoxide. Birch reduction, Clemmensen reduction and Wolff – Kishner reduction, Huang – Minlon modification, Rosenmund reduction – allylic and benzylic oxidation, Sharpless epoxidation, oxidation using SeO2, manganese (IV) oxide, lead tetraacetate, ozone, peracids, DDQ, silver carbonate and Cr(VI) reagents. Jones oxidation, Swern oxidation, Moffatt oxidation, Sommelet reaction. Applications of HIO4, OsO4 and mCPBA Linear Free Energy Relations, etc.

Use of various organic, inorganic and organometallic reagents in organic synthesis Grignard reagents, Alkyl lithiums, Lithium Dialkylcuprates, Alkynyl copper reagents, Tebbe reagents etc. Use of various protecting groups in peptide synthesis. Phase transfer catalysis and its applications.

Organic Chemistry 3

Photochemical processes. Singlet and triplet states and their reactivity, Jablonski diagram, Energy transfer, sensitization and quenching. Photoreactions of carbonyl compounds, dienes and arenes. Patterno-Buchi and Barton reactions, Hofmann- Löffler- Freytag reaction, photo-Fries and Di-π methane, di- π methane rearrangements. Applications of photochemistry. Classification of pericyclic reactions, FMO, Correlation diagram, Mobius and Huckel theory of electrocyclic and cyclo addition reactions- Stereo and region selectivity and industrial applications of Diels Alder reaction, 1,3–Dipolar cycloaddition and Sigmatropic rearrangements

Chemistry of Natural Products : Terpenes, steroids, alkaloids, carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, vitamins, prostaglandins, hormones and enzymes, etc.

Physical Chemistry 1

Gaseous State- Maxwell’s distribution and equation- Transport phenomena- Chapman equation- Equations of state of real gasses- van der Waals, Virial and other equations- Intermolecular forces and consequences, etc.

Physical Chemistry 2

The gas-solid interphase, types of adsorption. Monolayer and multilayer adsorption – Adsorption Isotherms Heat of adsorption and its determination – Adsorption from solutions -Determination of surface area of solids-Harkins–Jura absolute method, point B method, Langmuir method and BET method-Principles of LEED, SEM, TEM, ECSA, Photoelectron spectroscopy, scanning probe microscopy, Auger electron spectroscopy, etc.

Physical Chemistry 3

Classical mechanics and its limitations –need of quantum mechanics, de Broglie relation and its experimental proof, uncertainty principle and its consequences- Formulation of Quantum Mechanics – Postulates of quantum mechanics- Application of Quantum mechanics to Exactly Solvable Model Problems- Translational motion- Quantum mechanical tunneling- Vibrational motion- and Rotational motion –SHO, Rigid Rotor- Legendre polynomials and associated Legendre functions Approximation Methods and Chemical Bonding – Hydrogen like Atoms -Multi Electron Systems, etc.

Analytical, Environmental, Material & Supramolecular chemistry

Evaluation of analytical data, Accuracy and precision. Standard deviation, variance and coefficient of variation. Student ‘t’ test, ‘Q’ test, and ‘F’ test. Confidence limits- Errors and their minimisation- Significant figures-Correlation analysis- Calculation of R by method of least squares, etc.

Biology

Topics

Subjects

Zoology

Systematics, Animal Diversity, Ethology, Evolution and Zoogeography, Research Methodology and Biostatistics, Biophysics and Instrumentation, Biochemistry, Physiology and Immunology, Cell Biology, Molecular Biology and Bioinformatics, Developmental Biology and Genetics, Ecology, Biodiversity Conservation, Microbiology and Biotechnology, Economic Zoology, Entomology, Fisheries, Wildlife Biology and Human Genetics, Recent Developments in Zoology

Botany

Phycology, Mycology, Plant Pathology, Bryology, Pteridology, Gymnosperms, Microbiology, Paleobotany, Angiosperm Anatomy, Microtechnique, Embryology, Palynology, Plant Breeding, Evolution, Taxonomy, Morphology, Economic Botany, Ethnobotany, Phytogeography, Forest Botany, Environmental Biology, Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Plant Physiology, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Biostatistics, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics

Botany

Phycology, Mycology, Plant Pathology, Bryology, Pteridology, Gymnosperms, Microbiology, Paleobotany, Angiosperm Anatomy, Microtechnique, Embryology, Palynology, Plant Breeding, Evolution, Taxonomy, Morphology, Economic Botany, Ethnobotany, Phytogeography, Forest Botany, Environmental Biology, Cell and Molecular Biology, Genetics, Plant Physiology, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Biostatistics, Biotechnology, Bioinformatics

FAQS

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