No matter how old you grow, you are amazed when you see a bird or an animal in your vicinity. The same excitement erupts within you for bird facts and animal facts. You always thrive to learn more about them. Apart from increasing our curiosity, these animal and bird facts are often asked as General Knowledge questions in many competitive examinations. Therefore, it is essential that we know some of the basic facts about them. In this article, we will list different Animals and Birds – Tallest, Fastest, Largest, Smallest. Have a great read, Folks!
Animals and Birds – Tallest, Fastest, Largest, Smallest
We know that there are millions of species of animals and birds around us. They range from tall to short, small to big, light to heavy, slow to fast, etc. Needless to say, they come in different sizes, shapes and most importantly in different characteristic features. In order to know more about them, all the interested readers can go through this article till the end. In the preceding sections we will give you the complete list of Animals and Birds – Tallest, Fastest, Largest, Smallest !
Top 10 Tallest Animals in the World
Many of us have seen tall giraffes at least once in our lifetime. Is it the tallest animal that exists on earth? Check out the table below for world top 10 tallest animals, along with their average heights and scientific names.
|Sl No||Name of the Animal||Average Height||Scientific Name|
|1||Giraffe||4.3 to 5.8 meters
(14 to 19 feet)
|Loxodonta africana (African)
Elephas maximus (Asian)
|2.1 to 3 meters
(7 and 10 feet)
|5||Moose||1.5 to 2 meters
(5 and 6.5 feet)
|10||African Buffalo||1.5 meters
Top 10 Fastest Animals in the World
Even though many of us know cheetah to be the fastest animal on the planet, there are many other species of birds and fishes that move in a lightening fast speed. Check out the table to know about some of the fastest land animals along with their average speeds and scientific names.
|Sl No||Name of the Animal||Average Speed||Scientific Name|
|120.7 km / 75 m per hour||Acinonyx jubatus|
|88.5 km / 55 m per hour||Antilocapra americana|
|88 km / 55 m per hour||Antidorcas marsupialis|
|88 km / 54.7 m per hour||Equus caballus|
|80.5 km / 50 m per hour||Connochaetes|
|80.5 km / 50 m per hour||Panthera leo|
|80 km / 50 m per hour||Antilope cervicapra|
|80 km / 50 m per hour||Lepus|
|74 km / 46 m per hour||Canis lupus familiaris|
|71 km / 44 m per hour||Macropodidae|
Top 10 Largest Animals in the World
When we consider the case of the largest animals in the world, it must be noted that most of the first few positions are occupied by the water animals itself. Because, animals with enormous weight will not be able to withstand the gravitational pull of the earth. Therefore, here we will list the top 10 largest animals belonging to different categories. Have a look at the table below.
|Sl No||Category||Name of the Animal||Average Weight||Scientific Name|
|1||Mammals||Blue Whale||190 tons
|2||Land Animal||African elephant||12.25 tons|
|3||Reptile||Saltwater Crocodile||2,370 pounds or 1075 kg||Crocodylus porosus)|
|4||Amphibian||Chinese giant salamander||10 pounds or 70 kg||Andrias davidianus|
|5||Rodent||Capybara||143 pounds or 65 kg||Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris|
|6||Largest Snake||Giant Anaconda||550 pounds or 250 kg||Eunectes murinus|
|7||Lizard||Komodo Dragon||200 pounds or 91 kg||Varanus komodoensis|
|8||Arthropod||Japanese Spider Crab||42 pounds or 19 kg||Macrocheira kaempferi|
|9||Insect||Titan Beetle||3.5 ounces or 100 grams||Titanus giganteus|
|10||Ape||Gorilla||500 kg||Gigantopithecus blacki|
Top 10 Smallest Animals in the World
The animal world is truly fantastic. There are millions of species with diverse characters within the spectra. Here, we give u list of the smallest animals found in the world. Check them out.
|Sl No||Name of the Animal||Average Size||Scientific Name|
|1||Virgin Island dwarf sphaero||0.6 inch||Sphaerodactylus parthenopion|
|2||Nosy Hara Leaf Chameleon||1 inch||Brookesia micra|
|3||Kitti’s hog-nosed bat||1.1 inches||Craseonycteris thonglongyai|
|4||Etruscan shrew||1.5 inches||Suncus etruscus|
|5||Baluchistan pygmy jerboas||1.7 inches||Salpingotulus michaelis|
|6||Speckled padloper tortoises||2.4 inches||Homopus signatus|
|7||Williams’ dwarf gecko||3.0 inches||Lygodactylus williamsi|
|8||Madame Berthe’s mouse lemur||3.6 inches||Microcebus berthae|
|9||Barbados threadsnake||4.1 inches||Leptotyphlops carlae|
|10||Pygmy marmosets||4.6 inches||Cebuella pygmaea|
Top 10 Tallest Birds in the World
To begin with, birds are a group of vertebrates that belong to the class Aves. They are warm blooded organisms with characteristics such as feathers, beaks, hollow skeleton, etc. Check out the list of worlds tallest birds in this section of the article.
|Sl No||Name of the Bird||Average Height||Scientific Name|
|1||Common ostrich||2.8 meters||Struthio camelus|
|2||Somali ostrich||2.75 meters||Struthio molybdophanes|
|3||Emu||1.9 meters||Dromaius novaehollandiae|
|4||Southern cassowary||1.8 meters||Casuarius casuarius|
|5||Sarus crane||1.8 meters||Antigone antigone|
|6||Northern cassowary||1.8 meters||Casuarius unappendiculatus|
|7||Wattled crane||1.75 meters||Grus carunculata|
|8||Greater rhea||1.7 meters||Rhea americana|
|9||Japanese crane||1.6 meters||Grus japonensis|
|10||Jabiru||1.53 meters||Jabiru mycteria|
Top 10 Fastest Birds in the World
|Sl No||Name of the Bird||Maximum Air Speed||Scientific Name|
|1||Peregrine falcon||389 km/h or
|2||Saker falcon||320 km/h or
|3||Golden eagle||322 km/h or
or 116–130 mph
|5||White-throated needletail||169 km/h or
|6||Common swift||166 km/h||Apus apus|
|7||Eurasian hobby||159 km/h||Falco subbuteo|
|9||Spur-winged goose||143 km/h||Plectropterus|
|10||Red-breasted merganser||130 km/h or
Top 10 Largest Birds in the World
|Sl No||Name of the Bird||Maximum Mass||Scientific Name|
|1||Common ostrich||156.8 kg||Struthio camelus|
|2||Somali ostrich||130 kg||Struthio molybdophanes|
|3||Southern cassowary||85 kg||Casuarius casuarius|
|4||Northern cassowary||75 kg||Casuarius unappendiculatus|
|5||Emu||70 kg||Dromaius novaehollandiae|
|6||Emperor penguin||46 kg||Aptenodytes forsteri|
|7||Greater rhea||40 kg||Rhea americana|
|8||Domestic turkey/wild turkey||39 kg||Meleagris gallopavo|
|9||Dwarf cassowary||34 kg||Casuarius bennetti|
|10||Lesser rhea||28.6 kg||Rhea pennata|
Top 10 Smallest Birds in the World
|Sl No||Name of the Bird||Average Weight and Length||Scientific Name|
|1||Bee Hummingbird||5-6 centimeters, 1.7 grams||Mellisuga helenae|
|2||Costa’s Hummingbird||8 centimeters, 3 grams||Calypte costae|
|3||Weebill||8 centimeters, 6 grams||Smicrornis brevirostris|
|4||Goldcrest||9 centimeters, 5.7 grams||Regulus regulus|
|5||Simple Firecrest||9.3 centimeters, 5.5 grams||Regulus ignicapilla|
|6||Pardalote||9.5 centimeters, 6 grams||Pardalotidae|
|7||Brown Gerygone||10 centimeters, 6 grams||Gerygone mouki|
|8||Verdin||10 centimeters, 7 grams||Auriparus flaviceps|
|9||Golden-headed cisticola||10 centimeters, 8 grams||Cisticola exiles|
|10||Lesser Goldfinch||10 centimeters, 10 grams||Spinus psaltria|
Free PDF Download for the list of Tallest, Fastest, Largest and Smallest Animals & Birds
For all the aspirants gearing up for various competitive examinations who wish take your General Knowledge game to top notch, you can keep the PDF file containing the tallest, fastest, largest and smallest animals & birds list ready with you for the exam preparations. For now, all that you must do is click on the download button given below and save the file for later reference.
Some Interesting Animal and Bird Facts
- Humming birds have the unique ability to fly backwards.
- The size of an ostrich eye is larger than its brain. They have the largest eyes on land animals.
- Pigeon is believed to be the first domesticated bird.
- The body of a penguin acts like a filter. It filters salt water.
- Koalas have fingerprints very much similar to that of humans.
- The horn of a rhinoceros is made up of hair!
- How long can a snail sleep? Three years!!
- A shrimp’s heart is located inside its head.
- A Kangaroo hops by balancing its tail on the ground.
- An elephant is the only animal that cannot jump.
- An octopus has three hearts.
- In a second, a honey bee flaps its wings for approximately 200 times.
- A flamingo cannot eat with its head up right. Instead it can only eat with its head down position.
- The skeleton of a shark is made up of cartilage. There are no bones in the body of a shark.
- Elephants have the longest gestation period for any mammal- 22 months.
- A sloth mother’s milk is rich in fat content than cow’s milk.
The world of Animals and Birds is vast, so vast that we cannot conclude it all here. So the best way to prepare this topic for your examination is by splitting it up into different sections and categories as we have done here. We wish all our readers good luck in their exam preparations. With smart work, dedication and perseverance your dream job will definitely come true!