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The term ‘pressure group’ originated from the USA. Pressure groups mean a bunch of individuals who are organized for actively promoting and defending their common interests. They are a vital link between the government and the governed and they keep governments more responsive to the wishes of the community, especially in between elections. Let’s find out what these pressure groups are. In this article, we will discuss the pressure groups in India.
It is a common interest group that tries to secure their interests by influencing the formulation and administration of public policy. They are observed as the Civil Society Organizations (CSOs). They are a non-partisan organization that attempts to influence some phases of public life.
Role of the Pressure Group
The role of the pressure group is indirect, ordinarily invisible, and intermittent, yet, a really important a part of the administrative system. The emergence of trusts and monopolies and the struggle over tariffs led to the formation of these. It is a living public behind the parties. These groups’ roles are as vital as those of a party existing in any country.
Pressure Group in India
In India political parties and pressure groups together play an enormous role within the struggle of power. In India, the pressure group arose even during the convivial period. All India union congress was the primary countrywide pressure group of the labor.
India was a developing country having a scarcity of resources and acute poverty, leading to the many role of the pressure group. The main role of this pressure group was to secure economic and political concessions for themselves. Providing crucial components of the structural equilibrium i.e. maintenance function.
Role of Pressure Groups in India
The capacity of those is decided by leadership, organizational abilities, mass media, economic power base, and mobilization techniques. Besides this, they use pressuring methods like strike, bandh, demonstration, funding political parties, party platforms, etc. although the role of the pressure group is indirect, it facilitates many vital activities in administration.
Characteristics of Pressure Groups
1. Pressure groups may operate at local, regional, national, or maybe international levels, depending upon the cause and see.
2. All interest groups share a desire to affect government policy to profit themselves or their causes.
3. they’re usually non-profit and volunteer organization
4. They seek to influence political or corporate decision-makers to realize a declared objective.
5. Pressure groups are collections of people who hold an identical set of values and beliefs on the idea of ethnicity, religion, political philosophy, or a standard goal.
6. Pressure groups often represent viewpoints of individuals who are dissatisfied with the present conditions in society.
7. These are a natural outgrowth of the communities of interest that exist in all societies.
8. They never form the government of contest election but influence the choice of government or public policy. They seek to make a change by being elected to a position, while pressure groups plan to influence political parties. Pressure groups could also be better ready to specialize in specialized issues, whereas political parties tend to deal with a good range of issues.
9. Pressure groups are widely known as a crucial part of the democratic process.
The pressure groups can help and create awareness for the citizens of the governmental activities and hence, the political parties have to act in a responsible manner.
Given below are some examples of Pressure groups India:
- All India Krishnan Sabha (AIKS)
- Narmada Bachao Andolan (NBA)
- Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS)
- Confederation of India Industry (CII)
- Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP)