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The world is facing the climate change issue in its prime. All the world and the leaders of the world are responding to the issue very alarmingly and changes their policy. India is also taking its stand to frame policies and promote climate friendly energy sources and its production and use. On 17th February 2022, the Centre government has announced its much awaited National Green Hydrogen Policy. Green hydrogen policy has created much enthusiasm on the environment conservatists as well as the largest power consumers in India. Through this blog let us look into the key features, highlights, impact of the newly announced Green Hydrogen Policy.
Green Hydrogen Policy – General Overview
In simple words, green hydrogen policy is the comprehensive policy of the centre government to facilitate the production of the green hydrogen. The policy includes the incentives, promotions, benefits that are given to the manufactures or the supplier which facilitates the manufacture of the green hydrogen. The policy is put forward by the government to mark its initiative to cope up with the global climate change issue. As part6 of the global commitment all countries are obliged to mark their effort in reducing the global warming by 2 degrees Celsius and if possible, by 1.5 degree Celsius in pre industrial level. India is one of the largest developing countries which has substantial use of energy by the people and also by the industry as well. The coal is the largest energy source of India which is one of the most polluting non renewable energy sources we can come across. Talks are being done in COP 26 for the reducing of coal mining and its energy using. In this scenario India is announcing its milestone initiative of green hydrogen policy which could probably mark a great step of climate changing effort before the world.
What is Green Hydrogen – Basic Idea and Its uses
As we all know hydrogen is one of the fuels which has the most combustion value among the other fuels. The combustion of the hydrogen fuel could always generate water as by product and that is environment friendly. Researches are being done to incorporate hydrogen as fuel in every sector. At now presently hydrogen is not used as much popular as petrol or fuels. The question is how hydrogen is produced. Hydrogen is diatomic molecule which is existed in the natural compounds. The most popular compound which has the hydrogen presence is nothing but water (H2O). The disintegration of the water molecules can produce the hydrogen. In most practical way the electrolysis of water can produce the hydrogen. The colour of the hydrogen is termed by identifying which of the fuel is used for the electrolysis of water to produce hydrogen. The colour code of hydrogen thus produced using the fuels for electrolysis can be tabulated as:
- Brown Hydrogen – Coal Fuel
- Grey Hydrogen – Natural Gas
- Blue Hydrogen – Methane
- Green Hydrogen – Renewable energy resources.
The Hydrogen fuel is used in different sectors presently. The sector like oil refining, fertilizer and steel sectors are currently using hydrogen as a fuel of their manufacture. Increasing of the hydrogen fuel using will reduce the dependency of the fossil fuels and increase the development of different sectors also. The increasing of the hydrogen fuel is a part of the National Hydrogen Mission announced by PM Narendra Modi on the last years (2021) Independence Day. Now the green hydrogen policy which can be see as an extension to the mission to reduce the environment commitment towards the fulfilment of the mission.
The Key Highlights of the Green Hydrogen Policy
The green hydrogen policy is aiming at providing the incentives and regulation free clearances from the part of the government to manufacture the green hydrogen or facilitating the manufacture of the green hydrogen. The key highlights of the policy are as described below.
- The centre has announced 25 years of free power transmission of renewable energy plant setup before the year of 2025 to supply the plant for manufacture the Green Hydrogen. For example, a firm in Tamil Nadu has established a solar power plant which supply the energy to Kerala plan which produces hydrogen. There will be no interstate transmission charges for the same.
- The government is set provide a single portal for all the clearance for the setting up green hydrogen production as well as a facility for producers to bank any surplus renewable energy generated with distribution companies for up to 30 days and use it as required.
- The centre has also stated, it will provide priority to the green hydrogen manufactures to the Grid connectivity.
- The power distribution companies may procure renewable energy for supplying it to the green hydrogen plans at concessional rate. The concessional rate includes only the cost of the procurements, wheeling charges and a small margin as prescribed under the new policy. This procurement will also count against the state’s Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO).
- The export facility is also described under this policy. The port authorities will provide land at applicable charges for setting up bunkers near the ports for the storing of the green hydrogen for export. India is expecting Japan and Germany as the highest markets of green hydrogen.
- The policy in near future (Prospective particulars only) is expected to mandate the sectors using hydrogen as fuel to use green hydrogen by a fixed percentage to pull the demand of the green hydrogen and thus by facilitating the shift to green hydrogen.
The green hydrogen policy is undoubtedly a large step by the government of India to create an eco-friendly and sustaining fuel and thereby development. The green hydrogen policy will make India so proud before the global powers. As a competitive exam aspirant, you need to have the facts associated with this policy and able to analyse the pros and cons of the same. Enroll Entri App to boost your general awareness with a most explanatory and analytical approach. Keep studying Keep winning.