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Every year, International Human Rights Day is observed on December 10 to commemorate the adaptation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. On 1948 December 10, United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) then headquartered in Paris accepted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). Out of the 58 member states, 48 voted in favor of the resolution, while eight abstained and two failed to vote. Every year, the UN and various government and non-government organizations observe this day to encourage, support, and amplify measures to be taken by everyone to defend human rights. Human Rights Day 2022 is aiming to spread awareness for a more humane post covid world. In this article, we are discussing the human rights day theme, history. Also, attempt the human rights day quiz.
Human Rights Day 2022
December 10 is celebrated as International Human Rights Day across the world. The UDHR (Universal Declaration of Human Rights) is a breakthrough document that proclaims the absolute rights which everyone is entitled to as a human being – regardless of race, colour, religion, sex, language, political or other opinions, national or social origin, property, birth or another status. UDHR is the most translated document around the world and is available in over 500 languages. It has inspired many countries as well as individuals to start treating every person with the right to life, liberty, property, and the pursuit of happiness. The world observes Human Rights Day to acknowledges the inalienable rights of every individual in this world.
- Human Rights Day 2022: December 10
Human Rights Day History 2022
The United Nations General Assembly established the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, in 1948 which recognizes the “inherent dignity” and “equal and inalienable rights of every individual. Sovereigns across the globe consider UDHR as a document that acts as a global road map for freedom and equality by protecting the rights of every individual, everywhere. It was the first time that the member nations agreed on the freedoms and rights that deserve universal protection for every individual to live their lives freely, equally and indignity.
The UNDHR was adopted in response to the brutality faced by mankind because of the World War-II and its aftermath. The drafting committee composed of representatives of a wide variety of countries, including the USA, Lebanon and China started their sittings even from 1946 onwards. The representatives of Australia, Chile, France, the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom, joined the committee and thus allowing the document to benefit from contributions of states from all regions and their diverse religious, political and cultural contexts. UNDHR outlines 30 rights and freedoms that belong to all individuals and that nobody can take away from anybody. The rights that were included in the UNDHR, form the basis for international human rights law.
The 30 rights and freedoms set out in the UDHR include:
- the right to be free from torture,
- the right to freedom of expression,
- right to education and
- the right to seek asylum.
UNDHR includes civil and political rights, such as:
- the rights to life, liberty and privacy, and
The economic, social and cultural rights, such as the rights to social security, health and adequate housing.
India was represented by Hansa Mehta, M.R. Masani and Lakshmi Menon, who made a series of notable contributions to the UDHR final draft.
Human Rights Day Theme 2022
This year’s Human Rights Day theme relates to equality and focuses on the best way to reduce inequalities and discrimination that have affected the most vulnerable people in societies, including women and girls, indigenous peoples, migrants, and people with disabilities, among others.
- The Human Rights Day 2021 theme is: EQUALITY – Reducing inequalities, advancing human rights
The theme for the 2020 Human Rights Day is: ‘Recover Better – Stand Up for Human Rights’. The theme relates to the COVID-19 pandemic and focuses on the need to build back better by ensuring Human Rights are central to recovery efforts.
Human Rights Day Quiz 2022
- Who was general secretary of the United Nations when the UDHR declaration was adopted?
Ans: Trygve Lie
- What is the theme of Human Rights Day 2021?
Ans: EQUALITY – Reducing inequalities, advancing human rights
- How many countries signed the UDHR Declaration of the United Nations?
- Who was the Chairperson of the drafting committee of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights?
Ans: Eleanor Roosevelt
- How many human rights are there in the United Nations Declaration?
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