Table of Contents
Every programming language has a special feature that helps its users make their code efficient, safe, and maintainable. Likewise, machine languages have certain characteristics that make them useful for specific applications. There are many different types of machine languages available today, and understanding their major categories will help you make the right choice when it comes to creating your next application. This article will look at the top five types of machine languages, starting with one of the most popular ones – BASICs (the acronym stands for Beginner’s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code).
Instruction Set Architecture
ISA is actually a particular set of instructions that a given computer can process. A computer with a processor that supports 64-bit instructions might not be able to execute 32-bit instructions or even 16-bit instructions. The term ISA also refers to a particular processor’s unique characteristics, such as memory model (32 bit), register width (32 bits) and instruction set support. For example, an x86 processor may be referred to as an x86 ISA (instruction set architecture). It’s important to understand what kind of machine language you’re dealing with before you start writing your program. If you use an 8-bit CPU to write a program for a 32-bit CPU, it won’t work on any computer! The most common type of machine language used today is known as Hexadecimal. Hexadecimal uses only numbers from 0 through 9 and letters from A through F (the first six letters in hexadecimal are exactly like decimal numbers). This type of language uses 16 bits instead of 8 bits in its operation. This means it can handle more data at one time than other types of languages.
The very basic type of programming language in which instructions for a computer are written by machine instructions. A program written in machine language is typically converted into assembly language before it can be used on a computer. Assembly languages (such as Intel hex) were previously used to write machine languages, but since they require more resources than high-level languages, most modern programs are written in high-level languages such as C++ or Java. An example of a machine language is given below 10010100 01010010 00100000 10100010 00001000 10000110 00110000 01111100 11010100 11101110 11111111 01111110 00101010 10000000 01111111 11111111 00000000 00000000 00000000 00000000000000000000000000000010 This machine language code will execute an ADD instruction with registers B and C. Registers A and B are set to 10100010 and 00000010 respectively while register C is set to 00001000 after execution of ADD instruction. Note that there are no spaces between any letters/numbers in machine code; each group represents one byte of data. In fact, every group represents exactly one byte.
Assembly language is a low-level programming language. Assembly language commands are mnemonic, meaning they represent machine language instructions that look like English words instead of numbers. An assembly language program is translated by an assembler into machine code so it can be run on a specific computer or microprocessor. For example, ADD means to add together two values on your computer’s processor; MOV means to move one value from memory onto another value already located in a register; STX means store X into memory at the address specified by operand 2. In addition to these simple operations, most assembly languages support advanced features such as conditionals (IF), loops (WHILE), variables (DATA), and subroutines (GOSUB). If you want to learn more about writing in assembly language, check out our post here: How To Write A Program In Assembly Language. It will teach you everything you need to know about coding in assembler!
Low-Level Programming Language
Assembly language, machine code, or assembly language is a way to communicate with your computer’s CPU using mnemonic codes that resemble commands in English. There are three types of assembly languages:
- Low-level programming language
- Mid-level programming language
- High-level programming language
Low-level programming languages are highly machine-dependent because it makes use of binary codes which are interpreted by CPUs. It requires programmers to write large numbers of instructions for each task which makes programs hard to read and understand as compared to high-level languages such as C/C++ or Java. Therefore, low-level programming languages are not suitable for writing large software applications. However, they are very useful in developing embedded systems that require direct control over hardware components. For example, you can use assembly language to program microcontrollers used in home appliances like washing machines or dishwashers. In addition, some operating systems such as Linux also work on top of low-level programming languages like C.
Hybrid Programming Language
Hybrid programming languages are used for specific purposes. The hybrid language is created by taking two or more already existing programming languages that have great features that you can use in your project. Many examples of hybrid languages include GW-BASIC (based on C), FLOW-MATIC (based on FORTRAN), PASCAL (based on ALGOL). Hybrid languages are not very popular because they lack flexibility. Most software developers prefer using a single language rather than having to deal with two or more at once. It’s usually not efficient to use multiple languages because doing so requires knowledge of how these various systems work together, as well as how each one works separately. If you want to achieve better results, stick with a single programming language that fits your needs. For example, if you need a web app written in Python but it also has to be compatible with Apple products like iPhones and iPads, then don’t go with Python; instead, go with Objective-C or Swift.
This is just an example; there are other combinations available! If you want your app to run on both Apple products and Android devices, then use Java. However, if you only need compatibility for either Apple products or Android devices but not both then use Objective-C/Swift (for iOS) or Java (for Android). The possibilities are endless! The point here is that there are many different types of programming languages out there; some fit certain scenarios better than others do. If you are interested to learn new coding skills, the Entri app will help you to acquire them very easily. Entri app is following a structural study plan so that the students can learn very easily. If you don’t have a coding background, it won’t be any problem. You can download the Entri app from the google play store and enroll in your favorite course.