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Pakistan Independence Day 2023 is a national holiday to promote patriotism and national integration. In 1947, Pakistan got sovereignty from British rule. As a result of Pakistan Movement, the country Pakistan came into existence with a goal of forming an Independent Muslim State in the north-western range of British/India partition. Muhammad Ali Jinnah the lead warrior along with All-India Muslim League initiated Pakistan Movement. The Indian Independence Act 1947 under which the British Power granted independence to the supremacy of Pakistan by compromising with West Pakistan (current Pakistan) and East Pakistan (Bangladesh). As of in Islamic calendar, the Pakistan Independence Day is marked on 27 Ramadan. The chief Pakistan Independence Day protocol takes place at Islamabad followed by National Flag hoisting at the Presidential and Parliament establishment, including National Anthem and live address by leaders.
The Pakistan Independence Day 2023 is celebrated by adding different events like flag-hoisting ceremony, cultural events, parades, award ceremony and also the Pakistanis raise the national flag above their residence, vehicles etc. The Pakistan Independence Day 2023 falls on August 14. Read this article to know more information like history, facts and tradition.
History of Pakistan Independence Day 2023: August 14
Let us read to know more about the history of Pakistan Independence Day.
- In the 17th century the East India Company started their trade in colonial India and initiated company rule in 1757 when they won the Battle of Plassey, followed by the 1857 Indian Rebellion.
- In the beginning Pakistan, India and Bangladesh were a part of one region called the Indian Subcontinent. Since when the religion Islam was formed and accepted in the Indian Subcontinent, the entire peace was disrupted due to despotism of Muslims by the Hindus. After succeeding the War of Independence in 1857, some intellectual notion and beliefs were activated to protect the Muslim Minority.
- The Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Power to undertake direct control over the Indian Subcontinent. In 1905 a division formed in Bengal aimed to create a separate State for Muslims.
- The labour government in Britain got worn out by events like World War II and numerous riots. The solidity of native forces to continue the control over an increased rebellious India lowered, and so the government decided to remove British power from the Indian Subcontinent.
- In 1946, being a secular party, the Indian National Congress offered a single state, where the All India Muslim League who denied the idea of single state, put up an idea of separate Pakistan. In 1946, the Cabinet Mission was send to India to compromise between Congress and the Muslim League, proposed for a dispersed state providing more power given to local government. But this idea was declined by both parties. Hence resulted in a lot of commotion in South Asia.
- In the end, in February 1947 Clement Attlee the Prime Minister declared that, British government would give full self-power to British India at the latest of June 1948. In June 1947, the British government declared that the concept of partition of British India into two independent states was approved. August 15 is chosen by Viceroy Mountbatten as the second anniversary of japan. As he selected August 14 as the date to celebrate the Independence Day in Pakistan in order to take part in both ceremonies (India/Pakistan).
- Indian Independence Act 1947 made British India into two new independent supremacy (Dominance India and Dominance Pakistan), where the act gave a system for partition of Bengal and Punjab. Later, on 18 July 1947 the Act received royal approval. As a result of division led to religious violence across the subcontinent including millions of Muslims, Hindu and Sikh.
- On 14 August 1947, Pakistan became independent. Muhammad Ali Jinnah was acknowledged as the first general governor in Karachi.
Famous Founding Fathers of Pakistan
Listed below are some of the famous Pakistan freedom fighters.
|Muhammad Ali Jinnah||25 December 1876
Karachi, Bombay, British India
|Allama Muhammad Iqbal||9 November 1877
Sialkot, Punjab, British India
|Aga Khan III||2 November 1877
Karachi, Bombay, British India
|Liaquat Ali Khan||October 1895
North-Western, British India
|Sardar Abdur Rab Nishtar||13 June 1899
Peshawar, Punjab, British India
|Muhammad Zafarullah Khan||6 February 1893
Sialkot, British India
|Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy||8 September 1892
Midnapore, Bengal, India
|Jogendra Nath Mandal||29 January 1904
Barisal, Bengal, India
|A.K Fazlul Huq||26 October 1873
Bakerganj, Bengal, India
|Mohammad Abdul Ghafoor Hazarvi||1 January 1909
Najeebullah, British India
|Ghulam Hhik Nairang||8 August 1876
Daurana, British India
|Khwaja Nazimuddin||19 July 1894
Dacca, Bengal, British India
|Jalal-ud-din Jalal Baba||5 March 1901
Abbottabad, British India
|Chaudhry Naseer Ahmad Malhi||15 August 1911
Baddomalhi, British India
|Muhammad Arif Khan Rajbana Sial||1913
Badh Rajbana, British India
|Maulana Zafar Ali Khan||1873
Kot Mehrath, Punjab, British India
|Ra’ana Liaquat Ali Khan||13 February 1905
Almora, Agra, British India
|Fatima Jinnah||31 July 1893
Kathiawar, Bombay, British India
|Abdullah Haroon||1872, Karachi, British India|
Interesting Pakistani Facts
let us check few facts about Pakistan.
- Among the Pakistan population, around half of the population is Punjabi.
- Did you know? 96% of Pakistan’s population are Muslims.
- The National anthem of Pakistan is marked as one of the best anthems of the World.
- Pakistan’s literacy rate has risen up to 250% over the last few years.
- Did you know? Pakistan has one of the world’s richest internet broadband systems.
- The second largest Salt mine ‘khewra’ is situated in Pakistan, which is one of the world’s oldest mines.
- Did you know? About half of the world’s football production is from Pakistan.
- The population rate of Pakistan is growing at a rate of 1.573%.
- Did you know? Some of the highest summits including the Peak K-2 are located in Pakistan.
- The largest man made forest called Changa Manga is located in Pakistan.
- The Pakistan Mosque Shah Faisal in Islamabad can hold up to 100,00 of worshipers.
- Did you know? The Pakistan irrigation system is situated in 14.4 million hectare of land which is known to be the largest in the world.
- Did you know? Pakistan includes over 150 Airports.
- ‘Karachi’ the city of Pakistan is home for 13 million people, which is known to be the largest city of the country.
Pakistan Independence Day 2023: Activities and Celebration
Here are few activities that you can add as a part of Pakistan Independence Day celebration;
- On this national holiday, cherish the day by conducting events like, poster making, pencil drawing, essay writing, patriotic songs etc.
- Celebrate the day by taking part in the Independence Day parade.
- Attending a flag hoisting ceremony is the best Independence day.
- Cook some sweets that match the color of the national flag, for your friends and families.
- Make use of this day by collecting information and knowledge about countries’ history.
Pakistan Independence Day Quiz 2023
1. Who is the Father of Pakisthan?
Ans: Muhammad Ali Jinnah
2. The National Anthem of Pakisthan offcially adopted in?
3. Who is the author of Pakisthan National Anthem?
Ans: Hafeez Jullundhri
4. The Pakisthan movement was led by which political party?
Ans: All India Muslim League
5. The Pakisthan Independance movement was led under the leadership of?
Ans: Muhammad Ali Jinnah
6. Who was the first Governor of Pakisthan?
Ans: Muhammad Ali Jinnah
7. Who was the first Prime Minister of Pakisthan?
Ans: Liaquat Ali Khan
8. The National Flag of Pakisthan was designed by
Ans: Amiruddin Kidwai
Taking this opportunity to greet all those saviors of the country, wishing a Happy Pakistan Independence Day 2023!