Every year on July 17, World Day for International Justice is observed all around the world. The aim of the day is to promote international criminal justice and as a way of supporting the work of the ICC. Here in this article let’s understand in detail the significance of observing this day as World Day of International Justice. Static GK is an important part of any competitive examination and this blog would help you learn in-depth about World Day of International Justice 2020. Apart from the exam point of view, it is necessary that we gain adequate knowledge about happenings around as responsible citizens.
What is the significance of World Day for International Justice?
World Day for International Justice aims to strengthen international criminal justice across the world. The adoption of the Rome Statute and establishment of the new system of international criminal justice and the establishment of ICC is viewed as a revolutionary advance for peace and the rule of law. The day also appreciates the 150 countries that have signed the Court’s treaty. Nearly 123 States, representative of every region of the world, have ratified the treaty. ICC has urged all the member states to immediately initiate the process of ratifying the Agreement on Privileges and Immunities
What is the necessity to observe World Day for International Justice?
World Day for International Justice is celebrated to raise awareness to the people aware and united to support justice. The main objective is to promote the rights of the victims. The day is observed to attract people around the world to pay attention to serious issues. The observation of the Day also protects people from several crimes and warn those people who affect peace and security.
How to celebrate World Day for International Justice?
One can join ICC’s campaign for global justice to 100% of humanity protected by the rule of law. Justice, deterrence of crime, and peace.
Member states must adopt national laws to prosecute individuals for grave crimes and to cooperate with the ICC.
ICC was established upon the adoption of the Rome Statute on 17 July 1998. It came into effect on 1 July 2002. It is headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands. ICC is a global civil society network with over 2,500 member organizations in 150 countries. It aims for a more peaceful world through universal access to justice for victims of war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. ICC works in partnership with its member states to:
- build a global movement of justice advocates
- promote global civil society voices on international justice
- make justice visible
- advocate for all states to become party the Rome Statute of ICC
- strengthen national laws to victims of war crimes crimes against humanity and genocide to deliver justice
- strengthen state support for and cooperation with the ICC
- ensure that the Court is effective, fair and independent
World Day for International Justice: History
17 July is celebrated as World Day for International Justice because this day is the anniversary of the adoption of the Rome Statute in 1998. With the help of this treaty, the International Criminal Court (ICC) was established. On 1 June 2010, the Review Conference of the Rome Statute which was held in Kampala (Uganda) and the Assembly of the State Parties decided to celebrate 17 July as the International Criminal Justice Day on 17 July. In 1998 since that day, 139 countries have signed the Court’s treaty and nearly 80 States, representative of every region of the world, have ratified it.
International Justice Day Quotes:
“ Truth never damages a cause that is just “ – Mahatma Gandhi
“ Overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice.“ – Nelson Mandela
“ There is no freedom without justice. “ – Simon Wiesenthal
“ Justice is doing for others what we would want to be done for ourselves. “ – Cary Haupen, International Justice Yicaion
“ Man’s capacity for justice makes democracy possible, but man’s inclination to injustice makes democracy necessary.“ – Reinhold Niebuhr
“In matters of truth and justice, there is no difference between large and small problems, for issues concerning the treatment of people are all the same.“ – Albert Einstein
“ The dead cannot cry out for justice. It is a duty of the living to do so for them. “ – Lois McMaster Bujold
“ Social justice cannot be attained by violence. Violence kills what it intends to create.“ – Pope John Paul II
“ Justice is the constant and perpetual will to allot to every man his due. “ – Domitus Ulpian
“ If we do not maintain justice, justice will not maintain us. “ -Francis Bacon
NOW IT’S THE QUIZ TIME!
Check out these questions and jot down your answers. Compare them with the answers provided below and improve your knowledge on the same.
- What is the name of the treaty establishing the International Criminal Court?
A. The Vienna Convention
B. The UN Charter
C. The Rome Statute
2. What year did the Rome Statute enter into force?
3. What was the first State to ratify the Rome Statute?
A. The Netherlands
B. Côte d’Ivoire
4. Which region has the most State Parties?
B. Latin America and the Caribbean
C. Asia and the Pacific
D. Eastern Europe
E. Western Europe and other States
5. How did the Rome Statute change International Criminal Law?
A. It established the world’s first and only permanent and independent International Criminal Court
B. It established an International Criminal Court having jurisdiction on all crimes of international concern
C. It established the world’s first International Criminal Court replacing national criminal jurisdictions
6. What is one of the major achievements of the Rome Statute regarding victims?
A. Ensuring the voices of victims are heard in the Courtroom through their lawyers
B. Founding an independent Trust Fund for Victims
C. Providing the appropriate protective measures and security arrangements for victims who appear before the Court
D. All of the above
7. Who is the current Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court?
A. Tiina Intelmann
B. Sang-Hyun Song
C. Fatou Bensouda
D. Herman von Hebel
8. What are the crimes within the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court, as set out in its Statute?
A. The crime of aggression, terrorism and criminal fraud
B. The crime of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, the crime of aggression
C. Corruption, war crimes, and genocide
9. How are situations brought before the Court?
A. Situations are referred by a State Party or by the Security Council of the United Nations, or the Prosecutor initiates investigations on her own initiative
B. Individual citizens file cases and bring situations before the Court
C. Situations are referred by the General Assembly of the United Nations
Answers: 1.C 2.A 3.C 4.A 5.A 6.D 7.C 8.B 9.A
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