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Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a national level entrance exam for securing admissions in the undergraduate and postgraduate law programmes. Admission into various government and private law colleges across the country are done on the basis of CLAT scores. This exam is managed by the Consortium of National Law Universities. This is a very competitive exam and those aspiring to crack these should start their preparation beforehand. This article provides a detailed view of the CLAT syllabus and exam pattern.
CLAT 2022 Undergraduate Syllabus
The CLAT 2022 undergraduate exam will focus on evaluating the comprehension and reasoning skills and abilities of candidates. It will test the aptitude and skills that are necessary for a legal education. The CLAT syllabus 2022 includes topics from five subjects namely English language, Current Affairs including General Knowledge, Quantitative Techniques, Legal Aptitude and Logical Reasoning.
This section will be consist of passages from contemporary or historically significant fiction and non-fiction writing of about 450 words each. This questions asked based on the passage will be to test the candidates’ ability to
- Read and comprehend the main point discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
- Draw inferences and conclusions based on the passage;
- Summarize the passage;
- Compare and contrast the different arguments or viewpoints set out in the passage; and
- Understand the meaning of various words and phrases used in the passage.
Current Affairs Including General Knowledge
This section will be consist of passages from news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writing of about 450 words each. This questions asked based on the passage will test the candidates’ awareness of various aspects of current affairs and general knowledge, including
- Contemporary events of significance from India and the world
- Arts and culture
- International affairs
- Historical events of continuing significance.
This section will be consist of passages related to fact situations or scenarios involving legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. Prior knowledge of law is not required. The passage requires candidates to
- Identify and infer the rules and principles set out in the passage
- Apply such rules and principles to various fact situations
- Understand how changes to the rules or principles may alter their application to various fact situations.
This section will consist of short passages of about 300 words each. This requires candidates to
- Recognize an argument, its premises and conclusions
- Read and identify the arguments set out in the passage
- Critically analyze patterns of reasoning, and assess how conclusions may depend on particular premises or evidence;
- Infer what follows from the passage and apply these inferences to new situations
- Draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of arguments.
This section will include short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial or diagrammatic representations of numerical information, followed by a series of questions. They will require the candidates to
- Derive, infer, and manipulate numerical information set out in such passages, graphs, or other representations; and
- Apply various 10th standard mathematical operations on such information, including from areas such as ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration and statistical estimation.
CLAT 2022 Postgraduate Syllabus
The CLAT 2022 postgraduate exam will emphasis on the comprehension abilities of the students. The exam will contain extracts from primary legal materials such as important court decisions in various fields of law, statutes or regulations. Each passage will be followed by a series of questions that will test the following abilities of the candidates:
- Ability to read and comprehend the issues discussed in the passage, as well as any arguments and viewpoints discussed or set out in the passage;
- Awareness of the issues discussed in the passage, as well as of legal issues and facts related to and arising out of the passage and the judgment or statute from which it is extracted;
- Summarize the passage; and
- Ability to apply knowledge of the fields of law discussed in the passage.
CLAT Exam Pattern 2022
Read on to know the exam pattern for both Under Graduate and Post Graduate
Exam Pattern for Undergraduates
The CLAT exam for undergraduate will be held in offline mode. It will be on 19th June 2022 from 2 PM to 4 PM. The exam will be for a maximum of 150 marks and the duration of the exam will be two hours. The question paper will consist of 150 multiple choice questions of one mark each. There will be a negative marking of .25 mark for each wrong answer.
The table below shows section wise question weightage of CLAT UG exam:
|Sections||Approximate Number of Questions|
|English language||28-32 or roughly 20% of the paper|
|Current affairs including general knowledge||35-39 or roughly 25% of the paper|
|Quantitative Techniques||13-17 or roughly 10% of the paper|
|Legal Reasoning||35-39 or roughly 25% of the paper|
|Logical Reasoning||28-32 or roughly 20% of the paper|
Exam Pattern for Postgraduates
The CLAT exam for postgraduates will be held in offline mode. It will be on 19th June 2022 from 2 PM to 4 PM. The exam will be for a maximum of 120 marks and the duration of the exam will be two hours. The question paper will consist of 120 multiple choice questions of one mark each. There will be a negative marking of .25 mark for each wrong answer.
CLAT 2022 Preparation
The Consortium plans to publish various preparatory materials for the UG-CLAT 2022, including:
- Guides to the question paper and sample questions
- Model question papers
- Instructional materials and exercises for each of the subjects that the UG-CLAT 2022 comprises.
Apart from the preparatory materials, develop your capacity to read and understand bodies of text. Read newspapers and journals to keep abreast of current affairs. Practice with materials such as 10th standard mathematics textbooks to improve your speed of answering questions on quantitative techniques.
- Revise important constitutional and legislative provisions, particularly those that may have been discussed in recent judgments.
- Ensure you are aware of historical case law and amendments related to such provisions, so that you have a more complete awareness of such provisions and the issues related to them.
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