Article 78 of the Indian Constitution specifies the duties of the Prime Minister of India. He acts as a link between the President and cabinet while discharging his duties.Article 75 of the Indian Constitution envisages that there will be a Prime Minister who shall be appointed by the President of India. Prime Minister is the leader of the Cabinet Ministers. The main executive powers of the government are vested in the Prime Minister while the President is the nominal head of the State.Prime Minister of India determines the dates of its meetings and programmes for the Parliament session. He also decides when the house has to be prorogued or dissolved. As a chief spokesman, he makes the announcement of principal government policies and answers questions.Prime Minister (PM) recommends President regarding the appointment of many officers, he allocates and reshuffles various portfolios among ministers, he presides over the meeting of the council of ministers and influences their decision. The PM can ask any member to resign or recommend the President to remove any minister.In this blog we will discuss about List of all Prime Ministers of India.
List of all the Prime Ministers is given below:
|S.N.||Name||Born-Dead||Term of office||Remark|
|1.||Jawahar Lal Nehru||(1889–1964)||15 August 1947-27 May 1964
16 years, 286 days
|The first prime minister of India and the longest-serving PM of India, first to die in office.|
|2.||Gulzarilal Nanda (Acting)||(1898-1998)||27 May,1964 to 9 June 1964,
|First acting PM of India|
|3.||Lal Bahadur Shastri||(1904–1966)||9 June, 1964 to 11 January 1966
1 year, 216 days
|He has given the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ during Indo-Pak war of 1965|
|4.||Gulzari Lal Nanda (Acting)||(1898-1998)||January 11, 1966 – January 24, 1966
|5.||Indira Gandhi||(1917–1984)||24 January 1966 to 24 March 1977
11 years, 59 days
|First lady Prime Minister of India|
|6.||Morarji Desai||(1896–1995)||24 March 1977 – 28 July 1979
2 year, 126 days
|Oldest to become PM @ 81 and first to resign from office|
|7.||Charan Singh||(1902–1987)||28 July 1979 to 14 January 1980
|Only PM who did not face the Parliament|
|8.||Indira Gandhi||(1917–1984)||14 Jan.1980 to 31 October 1984
4 years, 291 days
|The first lady who served as PM for the second term|
|9.||Rajiv Gandhi||(1944–1991)||31 October 1984 to 2 December 1989
5 years, 32 days
|Youngest to become PM @ 40 year|
|10.||V. P. Singh||(1931–2008)||2 December 1989 to 10 November 1990
|First PM to step down after a vote of no confidence|
|11.||Chandra Shekhar||(1927–2007)||10 November 1990 to 21 June 1991
|He belongs to Samajwadi Janata Party|
|12.||P. V. Narasimha Rao||(1921–2004)||21 June 1991 to 16 May 1996
4 years, 330 days
|First PM from south India|
|13.||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||(1924- 2018)||16 May 1996 to 1 June 1996
|PM for shortest tenure|
|14.||H. D. Deve Gowda||(born 1933)||1 June 1996 to 21 April 1997
|He belongs to Janata Dal|
|15.||Inder Kumar Gujral||(1919–2012)||21 April 1997 to 19 March 1998 332 days||——|
|16.||Atal Bihari Vajpayee||(1924-2018)||19 March 1998 to 22 May 2004
6 years, 64 days
|The first non-congress PM who completed a full term as PM|
|17.||Manmohan Singh||(born 1932)||22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014
10 years, 4 days
|First Sikh PM|
|18.||Narendra Modi||(born 1950)||26 May 2014, Incumbent||4th Prime Minister of India who served two consecutive tenures|
List of Prime Ministers of India: Manmohan Singh (2014- Incumbent)
Dr Manmohan Singh was the 13th prime minister of India. He has served two complete terms as the prime minister and headed United Progressive Alliance (UPA) governments two times. A member of the Rajya Sabha, Manmohan Singh was the leader of the upper house from 1998 to 2004. He is currently serving his sixth Rajya Sabha tenure. He is widely accredited for the 1991 LPG ( Liberalisation, Privatisation, Globalisation ) reforms in India as the finance minister in PV Narasimha Rao government. Manmohan Singh was also the 15th governor of the Reserve Bank of India. He is the 1987 recipient of the Padma Vibhushan.
List of Prime Ministers of India: Atal Bihari Vajpayee (1996, 1998-99, 1999-2004)
Atal Bihar Vajpayee has served three terms as the Prime Minister of India. He was first elected as the 10th Prime Minister of India and served for a period of 13 days only. A popular prime minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee was conferred with the highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna, in 2014. He gave the slogen “Jai jawaan, Jai Kisaan, Jai Vigyan”. Vajpayee was the minister of External Affairs minister in Morarji Desai government and is remembered for his contributions in bettering the Indo-Pakistan ties. Elected 10 times to the Lok Sabha, he was also a two time member of the Rajya Sabha from 1962-67 and 1986-91. He was among the founding members of the Bharatiya Jana Sangh that later became the Bharatiya Janata Party of which Vajpayee was the first president. The Pokhran 2 nuclear tests in 1988 were held under his tenure. Born on Christmas Day, December 25, his birthday is marked in India as the Good Governance Day.
List of Prime Ministers of India: Inder Kumar Gujral (1997-1998)
The 12th prime minister of India, I K Gujral was a participant of the Quit India Movement under Gandhi Ji leader ship. As the minister of external affairs, he is remembered for the Gujral Doctrine – a set of five principles to guide the foreign policy of India with its immediate neighbours, particularly Pakistan. He was both a Rajya Sabha member and a Lok Sabha member.
List of Prime Ministers of India: HD Deve Gowda (1996-1997)
Haradanahalli Doddegowda Deve Gowda, the 11th Indian PM, had held the office of the Karnataka chief minister from 1994 to 1996. Deve Gowda was chosen as the prime minister when no party had won enough seats to form the government and the United Front formed the government with Congress support. The national president of the Janata Dal ( Secular ), Deve Gowda was the member of the 14th, 15th and 16th Lok Sabha after his term as the prime minister.
Prime Minister of India: PV Narasimha Rao (1991-1996)
Pamulaparthi Venkata Narasimha Rao, the 10th prime minister, was the first PM to come from southern India. Narasimha Rao served as the defence minister from 1993-96 and the minister of external affairs from 1992 to 1994. He was also the home minister under Rajiv Gandhi in 1986. Narasimha Rao was also the 4th chief minister of Andhra Pradesh. The 1991 economic reforms were brought under his tenure as the PM.
Prime Minister of India: Chandra Shekhar (1990-1991)
The eighth Indian Prime Minister, Chandra Shekhar, headed a minority government of a Janata Dal breakaway faction with the support of the Congress to delay the election process. With the least number of party MPs, his government was regarded as the ‘lame duck’. The 1991 economic crisis and the assassination of Rajiv Gandhi were two key events during his tenure.
Prime Minister of India: VP Singh (1989-1990)
Vishwanath Pratap Singh was the seventh prime minister of India. A Congressman, VP Singh was the 12th chief minister of Uttar Pradesh. From 1984 to 1987, he was the minister of finance and from 1989-90, the minister of defence under PM Rajiv Gandhi when the Bofors scandal surfaced. The Mandal Commission Report for reservation in government posts / educational institutions was implemented in his tenure.
Prime Minister of India: Rajiv Gandhi (1984-89)
The sixth prime minister of India and the son of preceding PM Indira Gandhi and Feroze Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi served from 1984 to 1989. He took office on the day of the assassination of Indira Gandhi in 1984 after the Sikh riots and at age 40 was the youngest PM of India. Rajiv Gandhi served as a pilot for the Indian Airlines. From 1985-91, he was the president of the Congress party. His term was marked by prominent cases such as that of Shah Bano, the Bhopal gas tragedy and the Bofors scandal. He was assassinated by a LTTE suicide bomber in 1991 at age 46 and was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna.
Prime Minister of India: Chaudhary Charan Singh (1979-80)
C Charan Singh was the fifth prime minister of India. Born in a peasant family in Uttar Pradesh, Charan Singh was the champion of peasants rights.
Prime Minister of India: Morarji Desai (1977-79)
The fourth Prime Minister of India was Morarji Ranchhodji Desai. He was the chief minister of the Bombay state, from 1952 to 1956, that was partitioned into Maharashtra and Gujarat. He led the government formed by the Janata Party.
Prime Minister of India: Indira Gandhi (1966-1977, 1980-1984)
The third Prime Minister of India, Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi, also the first and so far the only woman prime minister of India, served the second-longest term as a prime minister. Indira Gandhi also served as the minister of external affairs (1984), minister of defence (1980 – 82), minister of home affairs (1970 – 73) and minister of information and broadcasting (1964 – 66). She imposed the 1975 state emergency to suspend elections. The 1971 war with Pakistan for the liberation of East Pakistan was held during her term in office. Following Operation Blue Star, she was assassinated in 1986 by her own bodyguard.
Prime Minister of India: Gulzarilal Nanda (1964, 1966)
Gulzarilal Nanda took office in 1966 following the death of Lal Bahadur Shastri for 13 days as the acting prime minister of India. His earlier 13-day stint as the second prime minister of India followed the death of prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964.
Second Prime Minister of India: Lal Bahadur Shastri (1964-1966)
Congressman Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second prime minister of India. He came up with the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ that became popular during the 1965 Indo-Pakistan war and served as the Railways minister under Jawaharlal Nehru. His died the day following the Tashkent Agreement that formally ended the war.
First Prime Minister of India: Jawaharlal Nehru (1947-1964)
Jawaharlal Nehru was the first and the till date the longest-serving prime minister of India. He was a leading figure in the Indian independence movement and served as the prime minister until his death in 1964. Popularly known as ‘Chacha Nehru’ due to his love for children, he was also called ‘Pandit Nehru’ because of his roots in the Kashmiri Pandit community.
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