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The National Institution for Transforming India or NITI AAYOG was formed on January 1, 2015. It replaced the Planning Commission instituted in 1950. Furthermore, it is a top-tier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India. Moreover, it provides directional and policy inputs. Additionally, it designs strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government of India. Above all, it brings the States to act together towards national welfare, thereby fostering Cooperative federalism. In this article, firstly you will read about the key objectives of NITI Aayog. Later, there is an insight on its composition also.
NITI Aayog is a State of the Art Resource Centre, in itself. However, with the necessary resources, knowledge and skills it accelerates research and innovation. There are basically two hubs that serve as the core of NITI Aayog, namely Team India Hub and the Knowledge and Innovation Hub. In fact, both the hubs play a vital role in the functioning of NITI Aayog. The Team India Hub pilots the engagements of the State and Central Governments. Whereas, the Knowledge and Innovation Hub assembles the think-tank capacity.
Objectives of NITI Aayog
- Mature a shared vision of national development priorities and strategies with a dynamic collaboration of the State governments. This is indeed in light of national objectives.
- Encourage cooperative federalism with the States on an uninterrupted basis. Furthermore, acknowledge that strong States make a strong nation.
- Develop mechanism to hatch credible plans at village level. Moreover, comprehend these plans subsequently at the higher levels of government.
- Incorporate the interests of national security in economic strategy and policy.
- Recognize the sections of society that are not benefitted appropriately from economic progress.
- Design strategic, long term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives. As well as monitor the progress and efficiency. Furthermore, use the lessons learnt to make corrections and innovative improvements.
- Encourage partnership between key stakeholders and congruent think-tanks. Additionally, educational and national policy research institutions may be included, for instance.
- Create a support system through a cooperative community of national and international experts.
- Maintain a state-of-the-art Resource Centre. Additionally, act as a store house of research on good governance and equitable practices.
- Act as a platform to resolve inter-sectoral and inter departmental issues. Thus, the implementation of development agenda is accelerated.
- Monitor and assess the implementation of various programmes and initiatives.
- Emphasize on technology upgradation and capacity building. Consequently, this will help in implementation of programmes and initiatives.
- Undertake other essential activities that are important for the execution of national development agenda. Thus, help in transforming India.
In short, all the major activities of NITI Aayog is summarized as follows:
- Design Policy and Programme Framework
- Foster Cooperative Fedaralism
- Monitoring and Evaluation
- Think Tank and Knowledge & Innovation Hub
Composition of NITI Aayog
The Governing Council of NITI Aayog is headed by the Prime Minister as its Chairman. Moreover, it constitutes the Chief Ministers of all States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories. The NITI Aayog was reconstituted on June7,2018. It included Ex-officio members and special invitees, additionally.
Basically NITI Aayog comprises the following:
- The Prime Minister of India as the Chairperson.
- A Governing Council which constitutes the Chief Ministers of all States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories.
- A Regional council which includes the Prime Minister, Chief Ministers ang Governors of Union Territories in the region. Furthermore, this is to address issues impacting a particular region.
- Special invitees which includes experts from various domains. However, the names are nominated by the Prime Minister.
- Vice –Chairperson appointed by the Prime Minister.
- Full-Time members.
- Chief Executive Officer in the rank of secretary to the Government of India.
- Ex Officio members (maximum 4) nominated by the Prime Minister. Furthermore, they are members of the Union Council of Ministers.
The Present Composition of NITI Aayog is as follows:
|Shri Narendra Modi, Hon’ble Prime Minister
|Dr. Rajiv Kumar
Shri V.K Saraswat
Prof. Ramesh Chand
Dr. V.K Paul
Shri Raj Nath Singh
Shri Amit Shah
Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman
Shri Narendra Singh Tomar
Nitin Jairam Gadkari
Thaawar Chand Gehlot
Rao Inderjit Singh
|Chief Executive Officer
|Shri Amitabh Kant
In brief NITI Aayog aims to transform India in all possible spheres. However, it holds on tightly to the saying, ‘Together is better’, with respect to the State and the Central Government. Entri wishes all the aspiring candidates Good Luck! Happy Learning!