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Curious to know about the top crop-producing countries? It’s indeed helpful to know about the agricultural production in various countries as it can help the readers to crack all the competitive exams. Keep reading! Explore to get knowledge regarding the top crop producing countries in the world.
According to the diverse geographical distribution, the production and consumption of the crops happen in various parts of the world. According to the distribution, the major crop-producing countries can be located. The climate, vegetation and economy of a particular nation can help in the growth of a particular type of crop. In 20133, China was the leading producer of wheat and ramie, China produces 6% of the world’s ramie fibre. But China can produce only 17% of the world’s wheat. The major crops in the world can be categorized as foods, raw materials fibres and fuels.
What are Crops?
Crops are products or plants made from plants that are grown in suitable soil for profit or food purposes. There are food crops and cash crops available. The crops in the world are usually classified into six categories namely, feed crops, food crops fibre crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops. During the Neolithic period, the hunter society had shifted to the agricultural society. in every corner of the world, crops have become the major source of feeding human beings. Crops facilitated the existence of human beings. Crop cultivation, consumption and production are of utmost importance.
- for human consumption.
- Includes fruits, vegetables, grains, and tubers
- Grains include crops like wheat, rice, and corn, are the most popular crops
- wheat is the most widely grown crop overall.
- Crops intended to feed cows, horses, pigs, and sheep.
- known as animal feed or fodder
- crops can be grown and harvested like food crops
- grown in large fields (pastures) or meadows.
- includes cereal grains, kinds of grasses and hay.
- Feed crops can satisfy nutritional needs.
- 33 per cent of the world’s croplands are used for growing feed crops.
- Fibre crops can be processed into textiles, rope, or paper products.
- fibre crops like cotton, flax, or hemp cannot be directly consumed
- They should be harvested and then dried or transformed to create other products
- grown either for human consumption
- Can be used for secondary industrial uses.
- Edible oil crops are corn, sunflower, and olives.
- Soybeans are the world’s most famous and healthy oil crop
- oil crops can be used to create paints, soaps, machine lubricants,
- plants and trees used for landscaping
- They can be used for gardening.
- Often grown in nurseries
- Ornamental crops are harvested for either direct sale
- used mainly commercial purposes.
- Main ornamental crops are shade trees, flowers, flowering trees, shrubs, and grasses.
- That are harvested are directly
- used in manufacturing processes, machines, or fuel production.
- Rubber is the best industrial crop.
- Rubber is created from latex
Here is the list of the second largest producers of the crop. Crop production and consumption play a major role in the development of the country.
|Crops||Second Largest Producer|
Here is the list of the most valuable crops and the value of production given below.
|Crop||A country with the highest gross production value in billion USD||Global production in metric tons||The global gross production value is billion USD|
|Rice, paddy||$117 (Mainland China)||751,885,117||$332|
|Cattle, meat||$167 (Mainland China)||64,568,004||$269|
|Cow’s milk, whole fresh||$52.8 (United States)||665,596,536||$238|
|Maize (Corn)||$34.7 (United States)||1,126,990,585||$191|
|Wheat||$27.4 (United States)||748,392,150||$168|
|Soybeans||$61.2 (Mainland China)||335,613,801||$107|
|Eggs, hen, in shell||$50.7 (Mainland China)||74,180,272||$93.6|
|Potatoes||$40.7 (United States)||356,952,488||$92.7|
|Vegetables, not elsewhere specified||$26.1 (Mainland China)||292,920,885||$89.1|
|Tomatoes||$32.2 (Mainland China)||178,158,747||$87.9|
|Sugarcane||$53.6 (Mainland China)||1,874,611,396||$87.3|
|Grapes||$28.9 (Mainland China)||74,089,693||$67.8|
|Seed Cotton||$40.9 (Brazil)||67,622,193||$56.7|
|Buffalo milk, whole fresh||–||115,204,379||$56.4|
|Cotton lint||$14.4 (France)||23,274,797||$50.5|
|Onions, dry||$21.4 (Mainland China)||94,838,690||$42.1|
|Sheep, meat||$43.1 (India)||9,567,978||$40.4|
|Cucumbers and Gherkins||–||79,844,838||$40.2|
|Garlic||$18.6 (Mainland China)||26,821,718||$39.3|
|Bananas||$20.8 (Mainland China)||112,627,980||$38.5|
|Goat, meat||$23.9 (Mainland China)||5,794,581||$36.4|
|Oil palm fruit||$13.8 (Mainland China)||255,567,218||$35.7|
|Cassava (yuca)||$29.6 (Mainland China)||288,497,460||$34.3|
|Palm oil||$31.5 (Mainland China)||58,156,889||$34|
|Rapeseed||$25.3 (Mainland China)||68,113,132||$31.7|
|Mangos, Mangosteens, Guavas||$17.7 (Indonesia)||49,523,191||$30.0|
|Eggs, other bird, in shell||–||6,108,690||$27.9|
|Groundnuts, with shell||$4.11 (Indonesia)||44,543,757||$26.9|
|Chilis and peppers, green||$16.2 (Indonesia)||34,567,250||$26.3|
|Sweet Potatoes||$26.1 (Mainland China)||89,985,845||$26.1|
|Barley||$10.4 (Mainland China)||145,906,773||$22.9|
|Eggplants (aubergines)||$25.6 (Mainland China)||51,302,856||$21.6|
|Olives||$16.1 (Mainland China)||19,650,821||$19.9|
|Sunflower seeds||$9.95 (Mainland China)||47,401,997||$19.4|
|Tangerines, Mandarins, Clementines, Satsumas||$17.8 (Mainland China)||32,304,732||$19.1|
|Cabbages and other brassicas||$2.08 (Russia)||69,790,058||$19.1|
|Peaches, nectarines||$16.8 (Mainland China)||24,040,295||$17.1|
|Tobacco, unmanufactured||$5.5 (Greece)||6,361,725||$16.2|
|Lettuce, Chicory||$4.54 (Ukraine)||27,440,987||$15.7|
|Tea||$12.2 (Mainland China)||5,859,841||$15.2|
|Peas, green||$9.3 (Mainland China)||19,854,943||$14.7|
Largest Crop Producing Countries 2021
Here is the special list of the largest producers of the crops and the country to which it belongs.
|The largest producer of cardamom||Guatemala|
|Largest producer of vanilla||Indonesia|
|Largest producer of saffron||Iran|
|Largest producer of black pepper||Vietnam|
|Largest producer of rubber||Thailand|
|Largest producer of corn||United States|
|Largest producer of cashew nut||Vietnam|
|Largest producer of cinnamon||Indonesia|
|Largest producer of cloves||Indonesia|
|Largest producer of cocoa||Cote d’Ivoire|
|Largest producer of coconuts||Indonesia|
|Largest producer of coffee||Brazil|
|Largest producer of dates||Egypt|
|Largest producer of oranges||Brazil|
|Largest producer of pistachios||Iran|
|Largest producer of quinoa||Bolivia|
|Largest producer of strawberry||China|
|Largest producer of walnuts||China|
|Largest producer of apricots||Turkey|
|Largest producer of almonds||USA|
Cropping Seasons of Each Crop in India
|Rabi||Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh||Wheat, barley, peas, gram, mustard etc.||Sown: October-December|
|Kharif||Assam, West Bengal, coastal regions of Odisha, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Maharashtra||Rice, maize, jawar, bajra, tur, moong, urad, cotton, jute, groundnut, soybean etc.||Harvested: April-June|
|Zaid||Most of the northern and northwestern states||Seasonal fruits, vegetables, fodder crops etc.||Sown: June-July|
Major Crops of all Time!
The condition with which the rice can be grown.
- 22-32°C with high humidity.
- Around 150-300 cm.
- Deep clayey and loamy soil.
- West Bengal > Punjab > Uttar Pradesh > Andhra Pradesh > Bihar: Top production
- Staple food crop of the majority population
- India is the second-largest producer of rice in the world after China.
- Assam, West Bengal and Odisha are three crops of paddy are grown in a year.
- Between 10-15°C (Sowing time) and 21-26°C (Ripening & Harvesting) with bright sunlight.
- Around 75-100 cm.
- Swell-drained fertile loamy
- clayey loamy
- Uttar Pradesh > Punjab > Madhya Pradesh > Haryana > Rajasthan Top Wheat Producers.
- India is the second-largest producer
- Second most important cereal crop
- the main food crop in north-western
- The success of Green Revolution
- Between 27-32°C
- Around 50-100 cm.
- inferior alluvial
- loamy soil
- Rajasthan > Karnataka > Maharashtra > Madhya Pradesh > Uttar Pradesh- Top millet producing states
- These are also known as coarse grains
- high nutritional value.
- Rich in iron, calcium, other micro nutrient sand
- Jowaris the third most important food crop
- Between 21-27°C
- High rainfall.
- Soil Type: Old alluvial soil.
- Karnataka > Maharashtra > Madhya Pradesh > Tamil Nadu > Telangana-Top maize production
- the seventh-largest producer in India
- Used as food and fodder.
- Between 20-27°C
- Around 25-60 cm.
- Sandy-loamy soil.
- Madhya Pradesh > Rajasthan > Maharashtra > Uttar Pradesh > Karnataka- Top Pulse production.
- largest producers well as the consumer
- major source of protein
- Major pulses are grown in India
Hope articles on the top crop producing Countries helped you gain much information regarding the largest crop producing Nation and to acquire knowledge regarding the best and most relevant crops of all time.