Table of Contents
“Your future is whatever you make it, so make it a good one.” – Doc Brown, Back to the future.
Tenses are verbs that specify the time frame in which an action or event occurred. Tenses are divided into three categories based on the time of occurrence:
- Past Tense
- Present Tense
- Future Tense
A Tense is a word form used to denote the time of an incident in relation to the time of speech. It denotes the end of a task or the continuation of one.
What is the Future Tense?
The Future Tense agenda includes any action that is scheduled to occur in the Future. Future Tense, like any other Tense, can be identified by the verb form and auxiliaries utilized.
Types of future tenses
Take a look at the four future tenses in English and how they’re used in a sentence:
|Simple Future||I will live in India|
|Future Continuous||I will be living in India|
|Future Perfect||I will have lived in India|
|Future Perfect Continuous||I will have been living in India|
Simple Future Tense Rules
When describing an action that will take place in the Future, the Simple Future Tense is employed. It expresses assurance and facts. The following is an example of how to use this Tense:
Subject + will/shall + V1 + Object
- It is made up of the verb will/won’t + base infinitive (infinitive without to).
- Because will is a modal verb it doesn’t change depending on the person doing the action.
- We can use contractions e.g. I will = I’ll.
- In the negative, we can also use will not for more emphasis.
- Won’t is more common in speech.
- In short answers we say: yes X will or no X won’t.
- We will relocate to another city.
- He will arrive in New York tomorrow.
- What we achieve inwardly will change outer reality.
- Always do your best. What you plant now, you will harvest
- Logic will get you from A to B. Imagination will take you everywhere.
- Women and cats will do as they please, and men and dogs should relax and get used to the idea.
- In the end, we will remember not the words of our enemies, but the silence of our friends.
- Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life.
Future Continuous Tense Rules
The Future Continuous Tense portrays an action that will most likely occur in the future and last for a predetermined amount of time. It’s made up of the words ‘will+be+past participle.’ The following Tense is used:
Subject + will be/shall be + ing + V1 + Object
- I will be playing for an hour.
- Will I be spending too much money if I buy the newer model?
- He will be fighting his way to the boxing championship.
- Always be nice to those younger than you because they are the ones who will be writing about you.
- In September, we will be enjoying all the fruit we planted last March.
- Those who are laughing now will be crying
Future Perfect Tense Rules
The Future Perfect Tense is used to indicate an action that will take place at a Future date and time. The Tense is generated by combining the words “will” and “have” with the verb’s past participle. It’s used for:
Subject + will have/shall have + V3 + Object
- The form of the future perfect is will/won’t + have + past participle.
- Regular past participles end in -ed.
- Irregular past participles don’t follow the common conjugation pattern.
- I will have played by breakfast.
- By September, Jenny will have taken over that role.
- Will you have graduated by this time next year?
- I hope that, when I leave this planet, I will have touched a few people in a positive way.
- The rain will not have stopped before the competition starts.
Future Perfect Continuous Tense Rules
The Future Perfect Continuous Tense describes an action that will last until a Future date. It’s made up of the participle will+have+been+present. It’s used for:
Subject + will have been + V1 + ing + Object
- I will have been playing for 2 hours by breakfast.
- By the time the boat arrives, they will have been living without proper food for two weeks.
- Shops that will have been running for three or two years by then will have to close down.
- They will have been driving for ten hours by the time they arrive in Scotland.
- If it rains again tomorrow, then it will have been rainingfor three days.
- He will be agitated when he arrives because he will have been working for ten hours.
The four future tenses
|The 4 Future Tenses||Examples||Uses|
|simple future tense||· I will go.
· We will celebrate our anniversary by flying to New York.
|The simple future tense is used for an action that will occur in the future.|
|future continuous tense||· I will be going.
· The Moscow State Circus will be performing in Cheltenham for the next 3 weeks.
|The future continuous tense is used for an ongoing action that will occur in the future.|
|future perfect tense||· I will have gone.
· By the time you arrive, we will have finished the meal and the speeches.
|The future perfect tense is used to describe an action that will have been completed at some point in the future.|
|future perfect continuous||· I will have been going.
· In July next year, you will have been studying for three years.
|The future perfect continuous tense is used for an ongoing action that will be completed at some specified time in the future.|
Future Tense Rules
The Future Tense is used to represent Future occurrences that haven’t happened yet but may happen in the Future. It’s a Future-Tense version of the verb that doesn’t exist right now.
- She’ll be performing her dance to classical music.
- We’ll be moving to the house in upstate New York first thing tomorrow morning.
- In ten minutes, the train will depart.
- The taxi ————( to arrive) at 12:30.
- We ————–( to have) dinner at mountain top café.
- Ram ————–( to fly) to India on Wednesday evening.
- Are you still reading that book? If you—————( to finish) by 4 pm we can go out for long drive.
- are going to have
- is flying
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