If you’re new to English, you’ll need to learn the fundamentals of the language first. Building a strong foundation in English grammar will not only assist you in correctly constructing your sentences, but it will also make it easier for you to develop your communication abilities in both spoken and written English.
Basics of English Grammar Topics for Beginners
Study the following important grammar topics for spoken English.
- Irregular Verbs
- Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Will/Would,’ ‘Shall/Should’
- Prepositions – ‘On,’ ‘At,’ ‘In’
- Conjunctions – Coordinating and Correlative
- Count Nouns vs. Non-Count Nouns
- Action Verbs
- ‘Be’ Verbs
- Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
- Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Can/Could,’ ‘May/Might/Must’
- Possessive Nouns
- Perfect Progressive Tense
- Prepositions – ‘With,’ ‘Over,’ ‘By’
- Singular and Plural Nouns
- Articles – Indefinite and Definite
- Conjunctive Adverbs
- Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive Mood
- Progressive and Perfect Tense
- Prepositions – ‘Of,’ ‘To,’ ‘For’
- Conjunctions – Subordinating
- Active Voice and Passive Voice
- Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Be,’ ‘Do,’ ‘Have’
- Simple Tense
Basic Grammar Topics for Spoken English
Many people have difficulty speaking English fluently. The ability to read, write, or listen in English is fundamentally distinct from the ability to speak the language. Fluency will be difficult for someone who has good writing, reading, and listening skills but little speaking practice. The majority of English learners have difficulty communicating because they place too much emphasis on grammar rules. They get insecure and anxious as a result of this. As an English learner, you must devote sufficient time to gaining a thorough understanding of the language. It entails working on grammar, vocabulary, idioms, and colloquialisms. Spoken English entails far more than an academic understanding of the English language.
Learners use a variety of ways to supplement and improve their ability to use a foreign language, in this case, English. Their lack of basic grammar understanding can put them in upsetting positions at times. The simple misuse or error of grammatical rules leads them to be ridiculed. Grammar is a fundamental component of all languages. A sentence is framed by the employment of correct grammatical concepts. Grammar is important because it is the language that allows us to talk about language. Grammar provides insight into human minds as well as our sophisticated mental abilities.
Below discussed are some of the rules that a learner should pay attention to while practising speaking.
- Tense should be used correctly. Tenses are based on verbs and indicate time or the continuity of a process or action in relation to the speaking. There are four types of tenses: simple, perfect, continuous, and perfect continuous. Each of these three categories, namely present, past, and future, has its own set of characteristics. We commonly use all of these in conversation, but it is critical to choose the correct Tense while speaking so that the sentence does not become difficult to express or understand.
- Be aware of the patterns of using regular and irregular verbs. Conjugation in regular verbs follows a predictable pattern, whereas conjugation in irregular verbs does not. The past and past participle forms of the present form determine whether a verb is regular or irregular.
- Always use an appropriate preposition. A preposition is a word that goes before a noun, pronoun, or noun-equivalent to connect it to another term in the phrase. The noun, pronoun, or noun-equivalent is referred to as the object. When speaking, it is critical to utilise the correct preposition.
- Follow the rules of subject-verb agreement.
- Adjectives are words that describe or qualify a noun or pronoun. Different terminology is frequently employed to describe an object or a subject in particular when speaking of them. When making a conversation, it is critical to employ the correct adjectives.
- When speaking or writing, appropriate conjunctions must be used to combine sentences, words, or even clauses. Conjunctions serve two purposes: 1) Coordinating and 2) subordinating. These are used to connect the main and subordinate clauses, as well as to denote the clauses. Effect, purpose, manner, degree of comparison, condition, contrast, apposition, and concession are all indicated by these terms.
Basic grammar is required, but focusing just on grammar will hinder you from speaking English fluently in a reasonable amount of time. Grammar is the most effective way to improve communication and writing skills, but this is only true for people who have a strong foundation in English.
One thing that everyone on the planet has in common is that they learnt to speak before learning grammar. For any English learner, speaking is the first step. If you’re learning English for the first time, concentrate on improving your speaking and listening skills before moving on to grammar. You’ll notice how much easier grammar is once you can speak English well. It does not, however, work the other way around. Being able to communicate fluently in English will assist you in your grammatical studies, but learning grammar will not assist you in your speaking. Download the Entri app to improve your English-Speaking skills and open the wide range of opportunities the world of employment opens for you.