If you’re new to English, you’ll need to learn the fundamentals of the language first. Building a strong foundation in English grammar will not only assist you in correctly constructing your sentences, but it will also make it easier for you to develop your communication abilities in both spoken and written English.
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Is English Grammar troubling you? Do you find it hard to converse without any grammatical errors? It’s a season of change. Let’s learn grammar together. Grammar is the systematic study of a language. Grammar in English deals with the body of rules that governs the structure, form, and arrangement of words into phrases and sentences.
Building a strong foundation in English grammar will not only assist you in correctly constructing your sentences, but will also make it easier for you to develop your communication abilities in both spoken and written English.
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Basics of English Grammar
Study the following important grammar topics for spoken English.
- Irregular Verbs
- Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Will/Would,’ ‘Shall/Should’
- Prepositions – ‘On,’ ‘At,’ ‘In’
- Conjunctions – Coordinating and Correlative
- Count Nouns vs. Non-Count Nouns
- Action Verbs
- ‘Be’ Verbs
- Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
- Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Can/Could,’ ‘May/Might/Must’
- Possessive Nouns
- Perfect Progressive Tense
- Prepositions – ‘With,’ ‘Over,’ ‘By’
- Singular and Plural Nouns
- Articles – Indefinite and Definite
- Conjunctive Adverbs
- Indicative, Imperative, Subjunctive Mood
- Progressive and Perfect Tense
- Prepositions – ‘Of,’ ‘To,’ ‘For’
- Conjunctions – Subordinating
- Active Voice and Passive Voice
- Auxiliary Verbs – ‘Be,’ ‘Do,’ ‘Have’
- Simple Tense
Basic Grammar Topics for Spoken English
Many people have difficulty speaking English fluently. The ability to read, write, or listen in English is fundamentally distinct from the ability to speak the language. Fluency will be difficult for someone who has good writing, reading, and listening skills but little speaking practice. The majority of English learners have difficulty communicating because they place too much emphasis on grammar rules. They get insecure and anxious as a result of this.
As an English learner, you must devote sufficient time to gaining a thorough understanding of the language. It entails working on grammar, vocabulary, idioms, and colloquialisms. Spoken English entails far more than an academic understanding of the English language.
Grammar study always starts with the study of sentences as the basic unit of meaningful human expression. If you wish to communicate confidentially, you need to practice forming sentences without any errors.
A sentence can be described as a group of words that makes complete sense whereas a phrase doesn’t convey a complete meaning, but is also regarded as a group of words.
A sentence is made up of a subject and a predicate.
- The man speaks English
- Those young women speak English in a stylish way
- The young man speaks English without any errors
|The man||speaks English|
|Those young women||speak English in a stylish way|
|The young man||speaks English without any errors|
The subject names the person or thing we talk about. The predicate denotes what is said about the subject.
According to the forms, position, function, and meanings, words can be classified into word classes. Based on form and function, word classes are subdivided into form class words and function class words. As per the forms and functions, words can be classified into eight parts of speech.
Form Class Words
Nouns, verbs, adjectives, and Adverbs are included in form classes.
Function Class Words
The function class words include pronouns, articles, auxiliary verbs, prepositions, and conjunction.
A noun is a word that denotes a person, place, thing, or idea. Nouns are classified into two classes. They are concrete and Abstract nouns.
Nouns that denote the names of persons, places, and things are called Concrete Nouns.
Abstract nouns are nouns that denote ideas and concepts, states of qualities, mind, etc
There are four kinds of concrete nouns
A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun. There are nine kinds of pronouns in English. It is based on the function and meaning of the word.
The three forms of the personal pronoun are given below.
· Masculine Gender
· Feminine Gender
· Feminine Gender
· Common Gender
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- Mohan says that he has lost his umbrella.
- My cousins say that they are going for a walk
- Neither he nor I know the rules
- It is raining
Adjectives are words that add meaning to a noun. It is also regarded as something which qualifies as a noun.
- Victorian building
- Honest worker
- Broken window
- Worried look
Adds more information about how an action is performed. It modifies a verb.
- The old lady walks slowly
- Megha is a very efficient young girl.
- They will come early today
- Sita is rarely angry
- She seldom sings a song
The verb denotes the action in the sentence.
- Manu sits alone
- He opened the door
- They have changed a lot
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Tenses can express the time of the action. The tenses of time can be present, past and future.
A verb that denotes present time is the present tense.
|Perfect Continuous||Has/have been writing|
|Perfect Continuous||Had been writing|
|Continuous||Shall/will be writing|
|Perfect||Shall/will have written|
|Perfect Continuous||Shall/will have been writing|
The girl sings
A verb that denotes past time is in the past tense.
The girl sang
A verb that denotes future time is in the future tense.
The girl will sing
Learners use a variety of ways to supplement and improve their ability to use a foreign language, in this case, English. Their lack of basic grammar understanding can put them in upsetting positions at times. The simple misuse or error of grammatical rules leads them to be ridiculed. Grammar is a fundamental component of all languages.
A sentence is framed by the employment of correct grammatical concepts. Grammar is important because it is the language that allows us to talk about language. Grammar provides insight into human minds as well as our sophisticated mental abilities.
Below discussed are some of the rules that a learner should pay attention to while practicing speaking.
- Tense should be used correctly. Tenses are based on verbs and indicate time or the continuity of a process or action concerning the speaking.
- There are four types of tenses: simple, perfect, continuous, and perfect continuous. Each of these three categories, namely present, past, and future, has its own set of characteristics.
- We commonly use all of these in conversation, but it is critical to choose the correct Tense while speaking so that the sentence does not become difficult to express or understand.
- Be aware of the patterns of using regular and irregular verbs. Conjugation in regular verbs follows a predictable pattern, whereas conjugation in irregular verbs does not.
- The past and past participle forms of the present form determine whether a verb is regular or irregular.
- Always use an appropriate preposition. A preposition is a word that goes before a noun, pronoun, or noun-equivalent to connect it to another term in the phrase.
- The noun, pronoun, or noun-equivalent is referred to as the object. When speaking, it is critical to utilize the correct preposition.
- Follow the rules of subject-verb agreement.
- Adjectives are words that describe or qualify a noun or pronoun. Different terminology is frequently employed to describe an object or a subject in particular when speaking of them. When making a conversation, it is critical to employ the correct adjectives.
- When speaking or writing, appropriate conjunctions must be used to combine sentences, words, or even clauses.
- Conjunctions serve two purposes: 1) Coordinating and 2) subordinating. These are used to connect the main and subordinate clauses, as well as to denote the clauses. Effect, purpose, manner, degree of comparison, condition, contrast, apposition, and concession are all indicated by these terms.
- Basic grammar is required, but focusing just on grammar will hinder you from speaking English fluently in a reasonable amount of time.
- Grammar is the most effective way to improve communication and writing skills, but this is only true for people who have a strong foundation in English.
Basic Grammar Topics – Download PDF
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Basic grammar topics for Spoken English – Download pdf
One thing that everyone on the planet has in common is that they learned to speak before learning grammar. For any English learner, speaking is the first step. If you’re learning English for the first time, concentrate on improving your speaking and listening skills before moving on to grammar. You’ll notice how much easier grammar is once you can speak English well. It does not, however, work the other way around.
Being able to communicate fluently in English will assist you in your grammatical studies, but learning grammar will not assist you in your speaking. A personal trainer can help you resolve all your grammar insecurities. Aparna Mullberry’s English Padikkyam with Inverted Coconut is providing a platform for handling English efficiently.
The learners will get a full package that includes the grammar. The grammar section is given a solid stress in the course. You can learn and improve your language skills. Download the Entri App to improve your English-Speaking skills and open the wide range of opportunities the world of employment opens for you.
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