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Though Google Doodles may at times seem like random changes to the Google logo on the website, they usually celebrate a significant event or historical figure. The Google Doodle depicts Anna Mani working in front of various weather images. The images spell out “Google” on the search engine’s homepage. Google published the doodle on August 23, which would have been Anna Mani’s 104th birthday. Anna Mani began trending on Google shortly after.
Who Is Anna Mani?
Anna Mani was an Indian physicist and meteorologist who was born to a Syrian Christian family on August 23rd, 1918, in Peermade, Travancore, Kerala. Mani was dedicated to her work. Despite nearly 90 percent of Indian women choosing to marry, she remained single and committed to her career throughout her life. Mani’s life work led to her moniker “Weather Woman.” Her effort led India to make accurate weather predictions.
In 1925, Mani was influenced by the civil rights leader Mahatma Gandhi when she was 7 years old, who then decided to pursue a life of higher education
Mani pursued her education from India at the time where there was not much educational opportunity for Indian women’s. She completed her Intermediate Science course from Women’s Christian College. Her passion of reading starts from her young age. In 1939 she pursued her graduation with honors in physics and chemistry. For post graduation she worked closely under Professor CV Raman and was involved in researching the optical properties of ruby and diamond. Around that time, she also authored about five research papers but was not recognised or granted a PhD for her works as she did not have a master’s degree in Physics. Proving her capacities yet once again, she moved to Britain to pursue her master’s, as required, in 1945.
Prior to 1947, India didn’t have meteorological tool needed to predict weather. For this India have to depend on overseas for the tools that required for the prediction of weather condition.
1948, Mani began to work with the Indian Meteorological Department (IMD) at Pune in the instruments division headed by S.P. Venkiteshwaran. Venkiteshwaran hoped to make India self-reliant in meteorology and weather. Mani contributed to his efforts. She sought out skilled workers to staff sophisticated meteorology machines. She also standardized the blueprint for approximately 100 weather instruments and began production, according to Women’s Web.
During the late 1950’s Mani had a deep interest in solar radiation and began to design and manufacture instruments to measure radiation. She wish India could learn to utilize wind for energy and then installed wind measuring equipments in 700 places in India to study wind patterns. India now becomes number one in wind energy power because of Mani’s effort.
She was later promoted as the Deputy Director General of the India Meteorological Department and was a part of multiple key scientific organizations. After her retirement from the field she continued worked towards the development of science and tech in the country and held pivotal positions in organisations, including the United Nations World Meteorological Organization, Indian National Science Academy, American Meteorological Society, International Ozone Association, International Solar Energy Society, and so on.
Anna Mani was honored several times and receive medals such as the INSA K. R. Ramanathan Medal in 1987 for her great contributions towards science.
In 1994, Mani had a stroke and left paralyzed. She died on 16th August 2001 in Thiruvananthapuram, a week before her 83rd birthday. Her legacies continue to live through the many works she did in her lifetime.
What Is Anna Mani Famous For?
Born to a humble Syrian Christian family in Kerala, Anna Mani is a famous celebrity today for her extraordinary contributions to the field of physics and meteorology. She was among the pioneers in her field who had enabled independent weather instrumentation in India. Because of her huge contribution to the Indian weather department she is often known to be “The Weather woman Of India”.
10 Facts About Anna Mani “The Weather Woman Of India”
- Anna Modayil Mani was born on August 23 in 1918 in Peermade, Kerala (Travancore then) to a Syrian Christian family. She initially wanted to pursue dancing but opted for a career in physics because she was interested in the subject.
- She was a voracious reader from childhood and had read almost every book at her local library by the early age of 12 years and broke out from her typical upper-class professional household. Even on her eighth birthday, she declined to accept her family’s customary gift of a set of diamond earrings and opted instead for a set of Encyclopaedia Britannica.
- In 1939, she graduated from the Presidency College in Chennai (then Madras), with a B.Sc Honors degree in physics and chemistry. Anna Mani taught at WCC for a year and won a scholarship for post-graduate studies at the Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru.
- Under the guidance of Nobel Laureate Sir CV Raman, she studied spectroscopy, specialising in diamonds and rubies, and between 1942 and 1945, Mani published five papers, completed her PhD. dissertation, and started a graduate program at Imperial College, London.
- Impressed by Gandhi during Vaikom satyagraha and inspired by his nationalist movement, she took to wearing only khadi garments.
- In 1948, she returned to India and started working for the India Meteorological Department (IMD), where she helped the country design and manufacture its own weather instruments.
- She was also an early advocate of alternative energy sources.
- Throughout the 1950s, she established a network of solar radiation monitoring stations and published several papers on sustainable energy measurement, and in 1987, she won the INSA KR Ramanathan Medal for her remarkable contributions to science.
- She also held important positions in the United Nations World Meteorological Organisation and after her retirement, she was appointed as a Trustee of the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore.
- On her 100th birth anniversary in 2018, in recognition of her legacy, the World Meteorological Organisation published her profile and interview in which, she said that she was fortunate to not experience professional discrimination in what was considered a man’s world. She also stated that she did not feel either penalised or privileged for being female.
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