Table of Contents
The Chief Minister of Kerala is also the chief executive of Kerala. After the elections to the Kerala Legislative Assembly, the state’s governor normally encourages the party with a majority of seats to develop the government. The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are responsible to the assembly. The chief minister’s term is for five years and is directed to no term limits.The Governor designates Chief Minister and separate Ministers (Article 164). A chief minister manages a state government’s council of ministers and can be deputed in that position by a deputy chief minister. The chief minister usually selects the State Chief Secretary and also can assign departments as per his wish to the Cabinet Ministers of his state and Minister of States.
Chief Minister of Kerala 2021: Pinarayi Vijayan
Pinarayi Vijayan is the current Chief Minister of Kerala 2021. He took the Chief minister place for the second time in 2021 election after the 2016 Legislative Assembly. In 2016, Pinarayi Vijayan won from the Dharmadom constituency by winning over Mambaram Divakaran by a margin of 36,905 votes and became the 12th Chief Minister of Kerala. In 2021, with a margin of 50,123.
List of Chief Ministers of Kerala
Check here to explore the Kerala chief minister list, party and the time period. Explore to know the Kerala first ministers. Kerala ministers list 2021 in Malayalam PDF can be taken from the official website of Kerala.
|SL||Chief Minister||From||To||Party Name||Appointed by|
|1||Pinarayi Vijayan||20 May 2021||Present||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||Arif Mohammad Khan|
|2||Pinarayi Vijayan||25 May 2016||19 May 2021||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||P. Sathasivam|
|3||Oommen Chandy||18 May 2011||20 May 2016||INC||R. S. Gavai|
|4||V. S. Achuthanandan||18 May 2006||14 May 2011||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||R. L. Bhatia|
|5||Oommen Chandy||31 Aug 2004||12 May 2006||INC||R. L. Bhatia|
|6||A. K. Antony||17 May 2001||29 Aug 2004||INC||Sukhdev Singh Kang|
|7||E. K. Nayanar||20 May 1996||13 May 2001||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||Khurshid Alam Khan|
|8||A. K. Antony||22 Mar 1995||09 May 1996||INC||B. Rachaiah|
|9||K. Karunakaran||24 Jun 1991||16 Mar 1995||INC||B. Rachaiah|
|10||E. K. Nayanar||26 Mar 1987||17 Jun 1991||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||P. Ramachandran|
|11||K. Karunakaran||24 May 1982||25 Mar 1987||Indian National Congress||Jothi Venkatachalam|
|12||President’s rule||17 Mar 1982||23 May 1982||N/A|
|13||K. Karunakaran||28 Dec 1981||17 Mar 1982||INC||Jothi Venkatachalam|
|14||President’s rule||21 Oct 1981||28 Dec 1981||N/A||–|
|15||E. K. Nayanar||25 Jan 1980||20 Oct 1981||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||Jothi Venkatachalam|
|16||President’s rule||05 Dec 1979||25 Jan 1980||N/A||–|
|17||C. H. Mohammed Koya||12 Oct 1979||01 Dec 1979||Indian Union Muslim League||Jothi Venkatachalam|
|18||P. K. Vasudevan Nair||29 Oct 1978||07 Oct 1979||Communist Party of India||Jothi Venkatachalam|
|19||A. K. Antony||27 Apr 1977||27 Oct 1978||INC||N. N. Wanchoo|
|20||K. Karunakaran||25 Mar 1977||25 Apr 1977||INC||N. N. Wanchoo|
|21||C. Achutha Menon||04 Oct 1970||25 Mar 1977||Communist Party of India||V. Viswanathan|
|22||President’s rule||04 Aug 1970||03 Oct 1970||N/A||–|
|23||C. Achutha Menon||01 Nov 1969||01 Aug 1970||Communist Party of India||V. Viswanathan|
|24||E. M. S. Namboodiripad||06 Mar 1967||01 Nov 1969||Communist Party of India (Marxist)||Bhagwan Sahay|
|25||President’s rule||25 Mar 1965||06 Mar 1967||N/A||–|
|26||President’s rule||10 Sep 1964||25 Mar 1965||N/A||–|
|27||R. Sankar||26 Sep 1962||10 Sep 1964||Indian National Congress||V. V. Giri|
|28||Pattom A. Thanu Pillai||22 Feb 1960||26 Sep 1962||Praja Socialist Party||Burgula Ramakrishna Rao|
|29||President’s rule||31 Jul 1959||22 Feb 1960||N/A||–|
|30||E. M. S. Namboodiripad||05 Apr 1957||31 Jul 1959||Communist Party of India||Burgula Ramakrishna Rao|
|31||President’s rule||01 Nov 1956||05 Apr 1957||N/A||–|
List of Ministers of Kerala 2021
Check here for the 2021 Kerala Ministers List along with the Kerala ministers educational qualification.
|1||M B Rajesh||
|3||Shri. K. Rajan||
|4||Shri Roshy Augustine||
|5||Shri K. Krishnankutty||
|6||Shri A. K.Saseendran||
||Diploma in Ayurveda Medicine|
|7||Shri Ahamed Devarkovil||
|8||Shri Antony Raju||
|9||Shri V. Abdurahiman||
|10||Shri G. R. Anil||
|11||Shri K. N. Balagopal||
|13||Smt. J Chinchu Rani||
|14||Shri M.V.Govindan Master||
|15||Shri P. A. Mohammed Riyas||
|16||Shri P. Prasad||
|17||Shri K Radhakrishnan||
|18||Shri P Rajeev||
|19||Sri Saji Cheriyan||
Facts about the Chief Minister of Kerala 2021: Pinarayi Vijayan
- Pinarayi Vijayan was the youngest son of Mundayil Koran and Kalyani and was born on 24th May 1945.
- After his schooling at Pinarayi Saradavilasam Lower Primary School and Peralassery High School, he served as a handloom weaver for a year.
- In 1962, he entered the Government Brennen College, Thalassery for pre-university studies. Later from 1964, he did his Bachelor of Arts studies in Economics.
- Pinarayi Vijayan was a part of the Kerala Students Federation and was very effective in the student’s movement throughout his college days.
- He worked as the president of KSF and Kerala State Youth Federation (KSYF). Pinarayi Vijayan entered the Communist Party of India (Marxist) in 1964.
- In 1968, at the age of 24, he was selected to the Kannur district committee of CPI(M). After four years he moved on to become a member of the Kannur district secretariat.
- He was later was chosen to the CPI(M) Kerala state committee in 1978. He was selected as the CPI(M) Kannur district secretary in 1986.
- Pinarayi Vijayan has been a member of the CPI(M) state secretariat considering 1988. He was elected as the Kerala state secretary of CPI(M) in 1998 following the passing of the then state secretary Chadayan Govindan and remained in that position till 2015.
- Pinarayi Vijayan was also a member of the Polit Bureau of CPI(M) since 2002.
- In 1970, he served Koothuparamba legislative constituency after winning over Thayath Raghavan of the Praja Socialist Party. Due to the announcement of a national emergency, the next round of elections to the legislative assembly was postponed until 1977.
- Pinarayi Vijayan fought and won from Koothuparamba again, this time beating Abdulkadar of the Revolutionary Socialist Party.
- In 1991, he challenged again from Koothuparamba and won with a margin of 13060 votes defeating P Ramakrishnan of the Indian National Congress.
- In the 1996 assembly elections, Pinarayi Vijayan fought from Payyannur legislative supporters and defeated K.N. Kannoth of the Indian National Congress by a margin of 28078 votes.
- He was also the electricity and co-operation minister which can be said as a notable achievement for him in the E. K. Nayanar ministry formed in 1996.
- In 2021, he was also elected again from Dharmadam
- Pinarayi Vijayan’s ownership as the Power and Cooperation Minister in the LDF Government from 1996.
- Notable improvement was obtained in the distribution capacity of the state’s various power projects, thus ushering in a new era in its electricity sector.
- He was also president of the Kannur District Cooperative Bank from the year 1983 to 1992.
- Pinarayi Vijayan was the guiding vision following the development of RUBCO as well. Pinarayi Vijayan’s first chief ministership in 2016 was a resounding success and established himself as a leader with an unwavering spirit.
- The effective administration of his government was the major motivation behind the success of the left democratic front directed by him in the 2021 legislative election.
Roles and Duties of the Chief Minister
To be the chief minister, one must be a citizen of India. He/She must be a constituent of the state legislature. The candidates should be of at least 25 years of age or more. An individual who is not a member of the legislature can be deemed the chief minister presented they get themselves elected to the State Legislature within six months from the date of their appointment. The chief minister is selected by a majority in the state legislative assembly.
- According to the article of the Indian Constitution 164, the chief minister is appointed by the governor.
- To aid and advice the Governor
- The Chief Minister is at the head of the Council of Ministers
- and results in the Formation of the Ministry
- The CM can designate and reshuffles portfolios between ministers.
- The projects of all ministers are organized, managed and regulated by the chief minister.
- The meetings of the council of ministers are controlled by him
- He influences and inspires the decision of the council of ministers.
- CM can ask the governor to remove any minister or he can ask a minister to resign.
- He is the channel of interaction between the council of ministers and the governor.
- The government policies are proclaimed by him on the floor of the house.
- He suggests the governor assemble the sessions of the state legislature.
- Member of the Inter-State Council and the National Development Council both headed by the prime minister.