India biodiversity award was started jointly by the ministry of environment, forest and climate change, the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in 2012.
The award recognizes and honours outstanding models/ personalities from the bedrock level for biodiversity conservation, sustainable use of biological resources, and governance. The award is presented on the occasion of International Bio-Diversity Day, which is celebrated on May 22 across the globe.
India Biodiversity Award
Biodiversity is the variety of all life forms on earth, it is something that changes constantly. It includes the various plants, animals and micro-organisms, their genes, and the terrestrial, marine and freshwater ecosystems of which they are living or coexisting. It exists at different scales such as regional diversity, ecosystem diversity, species diversity and genetic diversity. While biodiversity is increased by genetic change and evolutionary processes, it has faced some challenges and reduced by habitat degradation, population decline, extinction, etc.
To raise awareness about the issue of significant degradation in biodiversity across the globe due to certain human activities, the United Nations has proclaimed May 22 as the International Day for Biological Diversity (IDB). The UN General Assembly adopted May 22, as the biodiversity day to mark the adoption of the Convention on Nairobi Final Act of the Conference for the Adoption of the Agreed Text of the Convention on Biological Diversity on May 22, 1992.
The International Biodiversity Day 2021 theme is: “We’re part of the solution”
India Biodiversity Award Winner
The Indian Union ministry of environment, forest and climate change, along with the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA), and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP presented the India Biodiversity award n the occasion of the International Day for Biological Diversity on May 22. The winners of the 2021 Biodiversity award is:
- Shaji N.M.
Shaji N.M., fondly called as ‘Tuber Man’ of Kerala has won in the individual category of ‘Conservation of domesticated species.’ He conserves a wide array of around 200 tuber crops including greater yam, lesser yam, elephant foot yam, arrowroot, colocasia, sweet potato, cassava and Chinese potato in his farm. He is a seven-time state award recipient for his contribution. The award, carrying Rs. 2 lakh cash prize and citation, was declared on May 22, 2021.
- KRAPAVIS: Krishi Avam Paristhitiki Vikas Sansthan
KRAPAVIS won the award under the category of ‘Sustainable Use of Biological Resources.’ It’s an organization for the development of ecology and agriculture/ livestock, works for the betterment of ecological, agricultural and livestock practices with a view to ensuring sustainable livelihoods for rural pastoral communities in Rajasthan. One of the main activities of the KRAPAVIS is involved in the revitalization of the Orans. They are patches of jungle preserved in the name of local deities or saints, which are rich in bio-genetic diversity and a refuge for wildlife. Associated with the mythology, Orans is seen as a holy place, and the locals do take interest in conserving them from encroachments, they are somewhat similar to the “Kaavu and Pond concept in Kerala. KRAPAVIS do support the local communities in restoring water harvesting structures, recharge wells and water tables. They also helped to plant a million trees of local varieties in Orans, and thereby plays a vital role in local biodiversity conservation.
Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan Sanctuary or KNCTS is a conservation reserve and a protected area in Nagaland. Khonoma Nature Conservation & Tragopan Sanctuary won the award under the ‘Sustainable Use of Biological Resources’ category in India biodiversity award. Established on December 11, 1998, is an Important Bird Area; under criteria, A1 (threatened species) and A2 (range-restricted species) species live. The sanctuary was awarded as it helps in maintaining biodiversity in the Khonoma area which is inhabited by several endemic plants and animals. The sanctuary includes portions of three major ecoregions: Himalayan subtropical broadleaf forests, Northeast India-Myanmar pine forests, and the Chin Hills-Arakan Yoma montane forests.
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