Indian constitution is the highest law in India and cannot be overridden by the parliament. ‘Constitution of India’ is one of the most relevant topics which is asked in competitive exams like PSC, SSC, RRB, Banking etc. This topic will add up to your score increases the chances of selection in the exam.
What is a constitution?
The constitution of a country is a set of rules and principles that defines the nature and extent of the government. It is usually in the form of a document or book. It regulates the relationship between the institutions of the state. That is the relation between the legislature, the executive, the judiciary and the various other government departments. Whatever is written or suggested in the constitution becomes the law of the land and every person in the country has to abide by such laws.
The constitution of India is the supreme law of India. It was adopted by the ‘constituent assembly of India’ on 26th November 1949 and it came to being on 26th January 1950. Parliament cannot override the constitution as it is not created by the parliament but a constituent assembly and adopted by its people with a declaration in its preamble.
- Indian constitution is the longest constitution of any country on earth.
- The father of the Indian constitution is Dr.B.R.Ambedkar.
- The constitution declares India a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic assuring its citizen’s justice, equality and liberty and endeavours to promote fraternity.
- India celebrates its constitution on 26TH January as republic day.
The fundamental rights that the constitution of India provides its citizens are
- Right to freedom
- Right to equality
- Cultural and educational rights
- Right to constitutional remedies
- Right against Exploitation
- Right to freedom of religion
Indian constitution had 395 articles in 22 parts and 8 schedules at the time of commencement. Now it has 448 articles in 25 parts and 12 schedules. The number of amendments that have been made in the constitution of India so far is 103.
Structure Of Indian Constitution At a Glance
The parts of the Indian constitution are given below.
This post is just a summary of the Indian constitution. All government job aspirants must be well aware of this topic as questions related to this area is frequently asked in PSC, SSC, BANKING PO, RAILWAYS, UDC, LDC and almost every state and central level exams in India.