Martyrs day in India is celebrated on 30th January every year to commemorate the death anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi who was assassinated in 1948. This day is also known as Sarvodaya Day or Shaheed Diwas. This day is observed in the national level to pay homage to all the great souls who fought for the freedom, welfare, and progress of India and sacrificed their lives. Martyrs Day 2023 in India will be celebrated on Sunday, 30th of January. On this day, Indians pay tribute to the people who had lost their lives in the struggle for India’s independence
Martyrs Day 2023 in India
Martyrs’ Day is observed on the 30th of January every year to honor all those who sacrificed their lives for the country. This day marks the death anniversary of the Father of Nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, who was assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a member of Hindu Mahasabha, during one of his routine evening prayers in the Birla House on the same day in 1948. After India got its freedom, Nathuram Godse assassinated him stating that Gandhi favored the Muslims and was responsible for India-Pakistan partition which led to the loss of thousands of lives. On Martyrs’ day, contributions of Mahatma Gandhi to India’s fight for independence are being celebrated. He led many freedom movements and advocated peace and harmony instead of violence. He was the main reason the Indians were united in their fight against the British. Thus to honor and pay homage to Gandhiji and all the martyrs who sacrificed their lives, Martyrs’ Day is observed throughout the country. Originally the martyrdom of the soldiers while defending the sovereignty of the country during the freedom struggle was remembered on Republic Day, January 26 which then gave way to January 30.
Martyrs Day 2023 Celebration
On Martyr’s Day, the President, the Vice President, the Prime Minister, the Defence Minister, and the three service Chiefs gather at the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi at Rajghat and lay wreaths on the Samadhi decorated with multi-color flowers. The armed forces personnel blow the bugles sounding the Last Post. The inter-services contingent reverses arms as a mark of respect to the martyrs. Apart from the Prime Minister and the chiefs of the armed forces, even the common men are requested to show their gratitude to the martyrs by observing a 2 minute silence from their normal routine of work.
Home Ministry’s Instructions For Observance Of Martyrs’ Day:
- Silence should be observed and work and movement stopped for two minutes throughout the country at 11 a.m. on January 30.
- Wherever feasible, the commencement and termination of the two minutes’ silence period should be indicated by the sound of a siren or army guns.
- On hearing the signal (wherever available), all persons would stand up and observe the silence.
- At places where no signal is available, suitable instructions can be issued to all concerned for observing the silence for two minutes at 11 a.m.
Apart from two minute silence, talks or speeches on freedom struggle and the national struggle can be organized in hybrid mode. There is also a tradition of holding all religion prayers and singing tributes for those who made the ultimate sacrifice for the country. An honorable salute is also given by the armed forces personnel and inter-services contingent to pay respect to the martyrs.
Martyrs’ Day Quotes 2023
“Sarfaroshee ki tamana ab humare dil me hai,
Dekhna hai jor Kitna Baazu-e-kaatil me hai”
“Jashan Ajaadi ka Mubarak ho desh waalo ko,
Fande se mahobbaat thi hum Watan ke matwaalo ko”
“Saheedo ki chitaao par lagenge har baras mele,
Watan par mitne walo ka Yahi Nishan hoga,
Desh Ke saheedo ko Naman”
“Revolution did not necessarily involve sanguinary strife.
It was not a cult of bomb and pistol.”
“Martyrdom does not end something, it only a beginning” – Indira Gandhi
“I do believe that ideas ripen quickly when nourished by the blood of martyrs” – Mahatma Gandhi
“Let us all be brave enough to die the death of a martyr, but let no one lust for martyrdom” – Mahatma Gandhi
“It is the cause, not the death, that makes the martyr” – Napoleon Bonaparte
“If your blood is not raging yet, then it is water flowing through your veins. Because what is the blush of youth, if it is not at the service of the country?” – Chandrashekhar Azad
“Oh Lord! Grant me a hundred births in India. But grant me this too, so that each time I give my life to the service of the Homeland.” – Ram Prasad Bismil
Martyrs Day Quiz 2023
1. Martyrs’ Day is observed on January 30th in the memory of ________.
a) Lal Bahadur Shastri
b) Mahatma Gandhi
c) Bhagat Singh
d) Udham Singh
2. Apart from January 30, ___________ is also observed as Martyrs’ Day in India.
a) 23rd March
b) 14th August
c) 20th July
d) 31st October
3. Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated during his evening prayers in ____________.
a) a temple
b) Raj Ghat
c) Birla House
d) his house
4. The Non Co-operation movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi in the year_________.
5. The samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi is at ___________.
c) New Delhi
6. Who conferred Gandhiji with the title of ‘Mahatma’?
a) Jawaharlal Nehru
b) Subash Chandra Bose
c) Rabindranath Tagore
d) Lala Lajpat Rai