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The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) in India is a dedicated force for disaster response related operations. It was constituted in the year 2006 “for the purpose of special response to a threatening disaster situation or disaster” under the Disaster Management Act of 2005. National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) is under the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA). The chairman of NDMA is the Prime Minister.
Formation of NDRF
During the mid nineties, there was a world wide discussion and debate about the need for disaster response and preparedness. Some of the notable ones were the Yokohama Strategy Plan in 1994 and the Hyogo Framework for Action in 2005, adopted by the UN. Around the same period India faced some of its most severe natural calamities like Orissa Super Cyclone in 1999, Gujarat Earthquake in 2001 and Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004. This led to the need of comprehensive disaster management plan thus giving rise to the Disaster Management Act on December 26th , 2005. The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was constituted to lay down the policies, plans and guidelines for disaster management.
Initially the personnel of NDRF were deployed for routine law and order duties. In a meeting of the NDMA with the Prime Minister on October 25, 2007, the need of NDRF being made a dedicated force was highlighted and accepted. As a result, on February 14th, 2008, NDRF was made a dedicated force for disaster response related duties, under the unified command of DG NDRF.
Structure and Locations of NDRF
The NDRF battalions are located at sixteen different locations in the country based on the vulnerability profile of the country and to cut down the response time for their deployment at disaster site. At present, National Disaster Response Force consists of 15 battalions including the BSF, CISF, CRPF, ITBP, SSB and Assam Rifles. Each battalion has 18 specialized search and rescue teams of 45 personnel each including engineers, technicians, electricians, dog squads and medical/ paramedics. The total strength of each battalion is 1,149. All the battalions are equipped and trained to respond to natural and man-made disasters and also during chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) emergencies.
The current location of NDRF Battalions are as follows:
- West Bengal
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
- Andhra Pradesh
- Uttar Pradesh
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Jammu and Kashmir
Motto of National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)
The motto of the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) is ‘आपदा सेवा सदैव सर्वत्र’ which implies Sustained Disaster Response Service under all circumstances. The sincerity and devotion of the NDMA personnel during disasters have earned them the name “Angels in Disaster” by fellow citizens.
National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) Quiz
Who is the chairman of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)?
(a) The President
(b) The Prime Minister
(c) The Home Minister
(d) The Defence Minister
Ans: (b) The Prime Minister
What is the strength of each battalion of NDMA?
Ans: (b) 1149
The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) Academy will be established in the city of _________________.
Ans: (d) Nagpur
The head of NDRF is designated as ___________________.
(a) Director General
Ans: (a) Director General
Under which ministry does NDRF function?
(a) Ministry of Defence
(b) Ministry of Home Affairs
(c) Ministry of Interior Affairs
(d) Ministry of Civil Affairs
Ans: (b) Ministry of Home Affairs
Since it’s inception, the NDRF has rescued over 1.44 lakh precious human lives and also evacuated more than 7 lakh stranded persons from disaster situations within the country and abroad. The NDRF earned global acclamation for their effective response during Japan Triple Disaster in 2011 and Nepal Earthquake in 2015.