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Ramsar Convention is known as the Convention of Wetlands. It was established in 1971 by UNESCO and came into force in 1975. Wetland areas that are regarded as being of international significance are known as Ramsar sites. These locations are Ramsar-protected. India adds 11 more wetlands to the list of Ramsar sites to make total 75 Ramsar sites covering an area of 13,26,677 ha in the country in the 75th year of Independence.
Any competitive exam you are studying for will require you to know the list of Ramsar sites. The locations of all the Ramsar sites must be known to the candidates, as well as their geographic locations. We discussed the List Of Ramsar Sites In India in this article.
What are Ramsar site?
The Ramsar Convention, which strives to preserve these habitats, lists wetland areas as Ramsar sites. The Ramsar Convention, which was signed on February 2 in the Iranian city of Ramsar, came into effect in 1971 as part of the International Treaty for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Wetlands. The adoption of the convention is commemorated this year on World Wetlands Day, which is marked on February 2. Approximately 175 parties to the convention are present at this time. On February 1st, 1982, India ratified the convention.
In order to conserve wetlands and make appropriate use of them through local, national, and international action as a contribution to global sustainable development, the Convention on Wetlands offers the foundation for international collaboration and national action.
The Contracting Parties agree to work toward the sensible use of all of their wetlands through national plans, policies, and laws, management practises, and public awareness campaigns in accordance with the Convention’s three pillars.
Identify appropriate wetlands for inclusion on the Ramsar List of Wetlands of International Importance and ensure their efficient management.
Cooperate internationally on development initiatives that might have an impact on wetlands, shared wetland systems, and transboundary wetlands.
List of Ramsar Sites in India
In India, there are 75 Ramsar sites.  The Ramsar Convention considers these wetlands to be of “international importance.” See the List of Ramsar Wetlands of International Importance for a complete list of all Ramsar sites across the world.
More than 2.1 million square kilometres, or 2,331 Ramsar sites, were included on the list of internationally significant wetlands in 2018. (810,000 sq mi). The countries with the most sites are Mexico (142 sites) and the United Kingdom (175 sites). Bolivia is the country with the biggest area of declared wetlands, with approximately 148,000 square kilometres (57,000 sq mi).
|18 August 2002||61.4||A natural backwater in Kollam district, Kerala. The rivers Kallada and Pallichal drain into it. It forms an estuary with the sea at Neendakara which is a famous fishing harbour.|
|Beas Conservation Reserve||Punjab
|26 September 2019||64||A 185-kilometre stretch of the Beas River located primarily in the north-west of Punjab. The river meanders down from the Himalayan foothills to the Harike. The Department of Forest and Wildlife, Punjab conducts the scientific management of the wetland.|
|19 August 2002||650||In 1975, an area of 672 km2 was declared the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary. Bhitarkanika Mangroves were designated a Ramsar wetland of international importance in 2002. Gahirmatha Marine Wildlife Sanctuary, which bounds the Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary to the east, was created in September 1997, and encompasses Gahirmatha Beach and an adjacent portion of the Bay of Bengal.|
|Bhoj Wetland||Madhya Pradesh
|19 August 2002||32||It consists of two lakes located in the city of Bhopal, the capital of Madhya Pradesh. The two lakes are the Bhojtal (Upper Lake) and the Lower Lake, which lie to the west of the city centre. It is a man-made reservoir. Upper Lake acts as the lifeline of the city supplying 40% of its potable water.|
|Chandra Taal||Himachal Pradesh
|8 November 2005||0.49||A high altitude lake on the upper Chandra valley flowing to the Chenab River of the Western Himalayas (4,337 m asl) near the Kunzum pass joining the Himalayan and Pir Panjal ranges. The Spiti Forest Department is the custodian and the State Council of Science, Technology, and Environment coordinates conservation management.|
|Chilika Lake||Odisha||1 October 1981||1165||A brackish water lagoon, spread over the districts of Puri, Khordha and Ganjam on the east coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River, flowing into the Bay of Bengal. Chilka is home to the only known population of Irrawaddy dolphins in India and one of only two lagoons in the world that are home to this species. In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention. In November 2002, the Ramsar Wetland Conservation Award was presented to the Chilika Development Authority for “outstanding achievements in the field of restoration and wise use of wetlands and effective participation of local communities in these activities”.|
|Deepor Beel||Assam||19 August 2002||40||A permanent freshwater lake in a former channel of the Brahmaputra River. It is of great biological importance and also essential as the only major stormwater storage basin for the city of Guwahati. Potential threats include overfishing and hunting pressure upon waterbirds, pollution from pesticides and fertilizers, and infestation by water hyacinth. A proposal to create a sewage canal from the city directly to the beel is considered to be disastrous in its potential effects.|
|East Kolkata Wetlands||West Bengal||19 August 2002||125||World-renowned as a model of a multiple-use wetland, the site’s resource recovery systems, developed by local people through the ages, have saved the city of Kolkata from the costs of constructing and maintaining wastewater treatment plants.|
|Harike Wetland||Punjab||23 March 1990||41||A shallow water reservoir with thirteen islands, at the confluence of two rivers. Dense floating vegetation covers 70% of the lake. The entire lake is leased on an annual basis to commercial fishery organizations.||
|Hokera Wetland||Jammu and Kashmir||8 November 2005||13.75||Located in the northwest Himalayan biogeographic province of Kashmir, on the back of the snow-draped Pir Panchal (1,584 m asl), Hokera Wetland is only 10 km from the scenic paradise of Srinagar. Sustainable exploitation of fish, fodder, and fuel is significant, despite water withdrawals since 1999. Potential threats include recent housing facilities, littered garbage, and demand for increasing tourist facilities.|
|Kanjli Wetland||Punjab||22 January 2002||1.83||A permanent stream, the Kali Bein, converted by construction of a small barrage in 1870 into a water storage area for irrigation purposes. The stream itself and the surrounding marsh are under provincial ownership and the surrounding areas are privately owned. The site is a centre for environmental tourism and picnicking.|
|Keoladeo National Park||Rajasthan||1 October 1981||28.73||A complex of ten artificial, seasonal lagoons, varying in size, situated in a densely populated region. Vegetation is a mosaic of scrub and open grassland that provides a habitat for breeding, wintering, and staging migratory birds.|
|Keshopur-Miani Community Reserve||Punjab||26 September 2019||3.44||The reserve is a mosaic of natural marshes, aquaculture ponds, and agricultural wetlands maintained by rainfall runoff. It is heavily human-influenced and includes a series of managed fishponds and cultivated crops such as lotus and chestnut.|
|Kolleru Lake||Andhra Pradesh||19 August 2002||901||A natural eutrophic lake, situated between the two major river basins of the Godavari and the Krishna, fed by two seasonal rivers and a number of drains and channels, which functions as a natural flood balancing reservoir between the deltas of the two rivers.|
|Loktak Lake||Manipur||23 March 1990||266||The largest freshwater lake in the north-eastern region of the country, which is famous for the phumdis (heterogeneous mass of vegetation, soil, and organic matters at various stages of decomposition) floating over it. Keibul Lamjao, the only floating national park in the world, floats over it.|
|Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary||Gujarat||24 September 2012||120||A natural freshwater lake (a relict sea) that is the largest natural wetland in the Thar Desert Biogeographic Province and represents a dynamic environment with salinity and depth varying depending on rainfall. The area is home to 210 species of birds, with an average of 174,128 individuals recorded there during the winter and 50,000 in the summer.|
|Nandur Madhameshwar||Maharashtra||21 June 2019||14||The site is a mosaic of lakes, marshes and riparian forest on the Deccan Plateau. Construction of the Nandur Madhameshwar Weir at the confluence of the Godavari and Kadva rivers helped create a thriving wetland: With 536 species recorded.|
|Nangal Wildlife Sanctuary||Punjab||26 September 2019||1.16||Located in the Sivalik Hills of Punjab, the sanctuary supports abundant flora and fauna including threatened species. The site is of historic importance as the Indian and Chinese prime ministers formalized the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence there in 1954.|
|Nawabganj Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||19 September 2019||2.25||A shallow marshland 45 kilometres from Lucknow in Uttar Pradesh. Monsoon rains feed this diverse wetland while the Sarda Canal supplies additional water. The sanctuary supports recreation and tourism activities as well as local biodiversity.|
|Parvati Agra Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2 December 2019||7.22||A permanent freshwater environment consisting of two oxbow lakes. The Uttar Pradesh divisional forest officer and chief conservator of forests along with sanctuary officers share management duties.|
|Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||19 August 2002||385||A coastal area consisting of shallow waters, shores, long sand bars, intertidal flats, and intertidal forests, chiefly mangrove, and seasonal, often-saline lagoons, as well as human-made salt exploitation sites. The site serves as the breeding ground or nursery for many commercially important species of fish, as well as for prawns and crabs.|
|Pong Dam Lake||Himachal Pradesh||19 August 2002||156.62||A water storage reservoir created in 1975 on the Beas River in the low foothills of the Himalayas in the northern edge of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. Recent management strategies have shifted away from law enforcement and use restrictions towards more participatory approaches and community awareness, and the site is well suited to community-based ecotourism.|
|Renuka Lake||Himachal Pradesh||8 November 2005||0.2||A natural wetland with freshwater springs and inland subterranean karst formations, fed by a small stream flowing from the lower Himalayas out to the Giri river. The lake has high religious significance and is named after Renuka, the mother of Hindu sage Parshuram, and is thus visited by thousands of pilgrims and tourists.|
|Ropar Wetland||Punjab||22 January 2002||13.65||A humanmade wetland of lake and river formed by the 1952 construction of a barrage for diversion of water from the Sutlej River for drinking and irrigation. Some 35 species of fish play an important role in the food chain, and about 150 species of local and migratory birds are supported. Nature lovers, birdwatchers, swimmers and boaters visit the site in considerable numbers.|
|Rudrasagar Lake||Tripura||8 November 2005||2.4||A lowland sedimentation reservoir in the northeast hills, fed by three perennial streams discharging to the Gomti River. The main threats are increasing silt loads due to deforestation, expansion of agricultural land and intensive farming, and land conversion to population pressure.|
|Saman Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||2 December 2019||5.26||A seasonal oxbow lake on the Ganges floodplain. It is heavily reliant on the arrival of the south-westerly monsoon in July and August, which provides the vast majority of annual rainfall. The Office of the Conservator of Forest (Wildlife) oversees the site’s management.|
|Samaspur Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||3 October 2019||8||A perennial lowland marsh typical of the Indo-Gangetic Plain in Raebareli district. Its six connected lakes are heavily relevant to monsoon rains. The Office of the Conservator of Forests (Wildlife) and state forest officers undertake joint management of the sanctuary.|
|Sambhar Lake||Rajasthan||23 March 1990||240||India’s largest inland salt lake, it is a key wintering area for tens of thousands of flamingos and other birds that migrate from northern Asia. There is other wildlife in the nearby forests, where nilgai move freely along with deer and foxes.|
|Sandi Bird Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||26 September 2019||3||A freshwater marsh in the Hardoi district, the wetland is typical of the Indo-Gangetic Plain and receives most of its water from monsoon rains. The Office of the Conservator of Forests manages the site in conjunction with local forest and wildlife officers.|
|Sarsai Nawar Jheel||Uttar Pradesh||19 September 2019||1.61||A permanent marsh in the Etawah district, this typical wetland of the Indo-Gangetic Plain is fed by the southwest monsoon rains. It is recognized by Birdlife International as an Important Bird Area.|
|Sasthamkotta Lake||Kerala||19 August 2002||3.73||Situated in Kollam district, it is the largest freshwater lake in Kerala. The Kallada River had a unique replenishing system through a bar of paddy field which has now disappeared due to indiscriminate clay and sand mining. The lake is now depleting due to the destruction of its replenishing mechanism.|
|Haiderpur Wetland||Uttar Pradesh||13 April 2021||69.08||This human-made wetland was formed in 1984 by the construction of the Madhya Ganga Barrage on a floodplain of the River Ganga. It is located within the boundaries of Hastinapur Wildlife Sanctuary.|
|Sundarban Wetland||West Bengal||30 January 2019||4230||Located within the largest mangrove forest in the world, it encompasses hundreds of islands and a maze of rivers, rivulets and creeks in the delta of the rivers Ganges and Brahmaputra on the Bay of Bengal.|
|Surinsar-Mansar Lakes||Jammu and Kashmir||8 November 2005||3.5||A freshwater composite lake in semi-arid Jammu Region, adjoining the Jhelum Basin with the catchment of sandy conglomeratic soil, boulders, and pebbles. Although the lakes support a variety of fishes, fishing is discouraged for religious reasons. The main threats are increasing visitors, agricultural runoff, bathing, and cremation rituals. Conservation is focused on raising awareness.|
|Tsomoriri||Ladakh||19 August 2002||120||A freshwater to brackish lake lying at 4,595 m above sea level, with wet meadows and borax-laden wetlands along the shores. The rapidly growing attraction of the recently opened area to Western tourists (currently 2,500 per summer) as an “unspoilt destination” with pristine high desert landscapes and lively cultural traditions brings great promise but also potential threats to the ecosystem.|
|Upper Ganga River (Brijghat to Narora Stretch)||Uttar Pradesh||8 November 2005||265.9||A shallow river stretch of the great Ganges with intermittent small stretches of deep-water pools and reservoirs upstream from barrages. The river provides habitat for the IUCN Red Listed Ganges river dolphin, gharial, crocodile, six species of turtles, otters, 82 species of fish, and more than a hundred species of birds.|
|Vembanad–Kol Wetland||Kerala||19 August 2002||1512.5||It is the largest lake of Kerala, spanning across Alappuzha, Kottayam and Ernakulam, Thrissur, Malappuram districts. Famous tourist locations like Alappuzha and Kumarakom, known for houseboats are here. The mouths of the Pamba and Achankovil rivers in Vembanad forms part of the Kuttanad.|
|Wular Lake||Jammu and Kashmir||23 March 1990||189||The largest freshwater lake in India with extensive marshes of emergent and floating vegetation, particularly water chestnut, that provide an important source of revenue for the state government and fodder for domestic livestock. The area is important for wintering, staging and breeding birds. Human activities include rice cultivation and tree farming.|
|Asan Barrage||Uttarakhand||21 July 2020||4.44||The Asan Conservation Reserve is a 444-hectare stretch of the Asan River running down to its confluence with the Yamuna River in Dehradun district. The damming of the river by the Asan Barrage in 1967 resulted in siltation above the dam wall, which helped to create some of the site’s bird-friendly habitats.|
|Kanwar Taal or Kabar Taal Lake||Bihar||21 July 2020||26.2||Also known as Kanwar Jheel, it covers 2,620 hectares of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. The site is one of 18 wetlands within an extensive floodplain complex; it floods during the monsoon season to a depth of 1.5 metres. Major threats to the site include water management activities such as drainage, water abstraction, damming, and canalization.|
|Sur Sarovar||Uttar Pradesh||21 August 2020||4.31||Also known as Keetham Lake, it was originally created to supply water to the city of Agra in the summer, the wetland soon became an important and rich ecosystem. The site’s patchwork of habitat types provides refuge to resident and migratory birds, and more than 60 species of fish. The site is important for bird species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway, with over 30,000 waterbirds known to visit the reservoir annually. Over 1% of the South Asian regional population of the greylag goose is present.|
|Lonar Lake||Maharashtra||22 July 2020||4.27||An endorheic or closed basin, almost circular in shape, formed by a meteorite impact some 50,000 years ago, onto the basalt bedrock. It is one of the four known, hyper-velocity, impact craters in basaltic rock anywhere on Earth. It is the only crater lake in the country formed by the meteorite impact. It was identified as a unique geographical site by British officer C. J. E. Alexander in 1823.|
|Tso Kar||Ladakh||17 November 2020||95.77||It is a high-altitude wetland complex, found at more than 4,500 metres above sea level in the Changthang region of Ladakh. It includes two connected lakes. The name Tso Kar refers to the white salt efflorescence on the margins of the lake caused by the evaporation of the saline waters. The primary source of lakes is glacial meltwater. It is one of the most important breeding areas in India for the black-necked crane (Grus nigricollis). Some of the species found here are endangered saker falcon (Falco cherrug) and Asiatic wild dog or dhole (Cuon alpinus laniger), and the vulnerable snow leopard (Panthera uncia).|
|Sultanpur National Park||Haryana||25 May 2021||1.43||It is located in the Gurgaon district of Haryana, 46 km. from Delhi and 15 km. from Gurgaon on the Gurgaon – Farukh Nagar Road. It is essentially a bird watcher’s paradise with few trees obscuring the visitor’s view of the lake. The birds here can be easily spotted wading, swimming, or flying. The status of the park was upgraded to National Park under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 in July 1991.|
|Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary||Haryana||25 May 2021||4.11||It is a human-made freshwater wetland, located in Jhajjar district, Haryana. It is the largest wetland in Haryana. In 2009, it was declared as a bird sanctuary by Govt. of India.|
|Thol Lake||Gujarat||05 April 2021||6.99||It is located in Mehsana district of Gujarat. It is a shallow freshwater reservoir and a predominantly open water area. It is a man-made wetland, that was originally constructed for irrigation in 1912.|
|Wadhvana Wetland||Gujarat||05 April 2021||6.30||It is located in Dabhoi Tehsil (Taluka), Vadodara district, Gujarat. This reservoir was created in 1910 by the former Baroda State (King Gaikwad). It is located in a semi-arid agricultural landscape and it is surrounded by wheat and paddy fields and villages. River Orsang (which joins with the Narmada River at Chandod) flows into the lake. It is internationally important for its birdlife as it provides wintering ground to migratory waterbirds, including over 80 species that migrate on the Central Asian Flyway. They include some threatened or near-threatened species such as the endangered Pallas’s fish-Eagle, the vulnerable Common Pochard, and the near-threatened Dalmatian Pelican, Grey-headed Fish-eagle, and Ferruginous Duck.|
|Bakhira Sanctuary||Uttar Pradesh||29 June 2021||28.94||It is the largest natural flood plain wetland of India in Sant Kabir Nagar district of Eastern Uttar Pradesh. The sanctuary was established in 1980.|
|Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary||Gujarat||13 April 2021||5.12||It is a bird sanctuary located in Jamnagar district. About 300 species of migratory birds have been recorded here.|
|Karikili Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||0.58||Karikili Bird Sanctuary is a 58 hectare protected area located in the Kancheepuram district of Tamil Nadu. The sanctuary is about 75 km from Chennai, south of Chengalpattu.|
|Pallikaranai Marsh Reserve Forest||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||12.48||Pallikaranai wetland is a freshwater marsh located in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It is the only surviving wetland ecosystem of the city and among the few and last remaining natural wetlands of South India.|
|Pichavaram Mangrove Forest||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||14.79||Pichavaram mangrove is located in a village near Chidambaram in Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu.|
|Pala Wetland||Mizoram||31 August 2021||18.50||The Pala wetland is the largest natural wetland in Mizoram. The renowned landmark is surrounded by green woodlands.|
|Sakhya Sagar||Madhya Pradesh||7 January 2022||2.48||Sakhya Sagar Lake is an integral part of the beautiful ecology of the Madhav National Park in Shivpuri, Madhya Pradesh.|
|Satkosia Gorge||Odisha||12 October 2021||982||Satkosia Gorge is located in Angul district of Odisha carved out of Mahanadi river.|
|Nanda Lake||Goa||8 June 2022||0.42||Nanda Lake is located in Curchorem district of Goa. Nanda Lake comprises intermittent freshwater marshes that lie adjacent to one of the major tributaries of the Zuari river.|
|Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||527||Gulf of Mannar is located at the south-eastern tip of India in the state of Tamil Nadu.|
|Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary||Karnataka||15 February 2022||5.18||Ranganathittu is located in Mandya district of Karnataka. It is an ecologically important riverine wetland, rich in plant and animal species.|
|Vembannur Wetland Complex||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||0.20||Vembannur Wetland Complex is a man-made inland tank which forms the southernmost tip of peninsular India. It is located 4 km from Rajakkamangalam in Tamil Nadu. it provides suitable habitat to several species of waterbirds.|
|Vellode Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||0.77||Vellode Bird Sanctuary is located in Erode district of Tamil Nadu. It is a man-made tank which is an ideal habitat for birds.|
|Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||0.44||Udhayamarthandapuram is located in Thiruvarur district of Tamil Nadu. The site consists of man-made irrigation tanks and serves as an important staging and breeding ground for several species of waterbirds.|
|Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||8 April 2022||0.40||Vedanthangal is located in Chengalpattu district of Tamil Nadu.It is the oldest water bird sanctuary in the country.|
|Sirpur Wetland||Madhya Pradesh||7 January 2022||1.61||The site is located in Indore district of Madhya Pradesh. It is a man-made wetland that supports terrestrial plants species, macrophytes, fish, reptiles, amphibians and waterbirds.|
|Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||8 November 2021||0.72||Koonthankulam is located in Thirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu. The Site consists of irrigation tanks interconnected by a network of canals.|
List of Latest Ramsar Sites in India
The overall number of Ramsar Sites in India has increased to 64 as a result of the designation of 10 more wetlands.
On the occasion of World Wetland Day in 2022, which was held at Sultanpur National Park in Haryana, which is also a Ramsar site, Bakhira Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh and Khijadiya Wildlife Sanctuary in Gujarat were added as Ramsar sites.
There are 54 Ramsar sites in India, with the first two being Keoladeo National Park in Rajasthan and Chilika Lake in Orissa. The smallest Ramsar Wetland site in India is the Renuka wetland in Himachal Pradesh. In India, Uttar Pradesh is home to the most Ramsar sites.
There are currently 12,50,361 acres of Ramsar sites in India. The 10 new Ramsar sites in India include one each in Goa, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, and Karnataka, as well as six in Tamil Nadu.
|S.No||Name of wetland||State||Area (Ha)|
|1.||Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||72.04|
|2.||Gulf of Mannar Marine Biosphere Reserve||Tamil Nadu||52671.88|
|3.||Vembanur Wetland Complex||Tamil Nadu||19.75|
|4.||Vellode Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||77.19|
|5.||Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||40.35|
|6.||Udayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary||Tamil Nadu||43.77|
|10||Sirpur wetland||Madhya Pradesh||161|
|Total area of 10 wetlands||1,51,842.41|
|TOTAL area of 64 Ramsar Sites in India (After designation of 10 more sites as above)||12,50,361|
Interesting Facts on Ramsar Sites
The Ramsar sites are among the world’s biggest protected regions. One of the largest protected areas in the world is a Ramsar site.
Since the Ramsar Convention was signed on February 2, 1971, February 2 is recognised as International Wetlands Day.
Sundarbans is the largest Ramsar Site in India.
Chilika Lake (Orissa) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan) were recognized as the first Ramsar Sites of India.
There are 2,414 Ramsar sites in the world, covering 254,543,971.597 hectares in total. Over 2400 Ramsar sites currently exist worldwide, totaling 2.5 million square kilometres.
Australia’s Cobourg Peninsula was chosen as the first Ramsar site in the world when it was discovered in 1974.
With 175 total Ramsar sites, the United Kingdom has the most in the entire world.
February 2 is recognised as International Wetlands Day.
Renuka Wetland (Area – 20 ha) in Himachal Pradesh is the smallest wetland of India.
Uttar Pradesh has the most number of Ramsar Sites in India. It has 10 Indian Wetlands.
With 175 sites, the United Kingdom has the most Ramsar Sites in the world.
In Montreux, these locations are maintained. Keep track of any sizable ecological modifications that might have an advantageous or detrimental effect on any of the wetland habitats.
Ramsar Sites- Important Questions
Q. Which is the largest wetland under the Ramsar convention in India?
Ans: Sundarbans, West Bengal (423,000 hectares)
Q. Which is the smallest wetland under the Ramsar convention in India?
Ans: Renuka Wetland, Himachal Pradesh (20 hectares)
Q. Which is the first wetland under the Ramsar convention in India?
Ans: Chilka Lake (1981) and Keoladeo National Park (Rajasthan)
Q. First wetland under Ramsar convention of Uttarakhand?
Ans: Assan Barrage
Q. At present there are how many Ramsar sites in India?
Q. 8th wetland of Uttar Pradesh under Ramsar convention?
Ans: Sur Sarovar
Q. Which Indian state has the most number of Ramsar sites?
Ans: Tamil Nadu (14)
Q. 42nd Ramsar site of India?
Ans: Tso Kar (Ladakh)
Q. In which plateau is Tso Kar wetland located?
Ans: Rupshu Plateau
Q. In which plateau Tso Moriri wetland located?
Ans: Changthang Plateau
Q. What is the name of the 46th Ramsar Wetland Site in India?
Ans: Wadhvana Wetland, Gujarat
Q. What is the name of the 47th Ramsar Wetland Site in India?
Ans: Haiderpur Wetland, Uttar Pradesh
Q. What is the name of the 49th Ramsar wetlands in India?
Ans: Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary (Gujarat)
Q. What is the name of the 75th Ramsar wetland of India?
Ans: Shellbug Wetland Conservation Reserve (Jammu and Kashmir)
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