Table of Contents
One of the most interesting components of communication that we have are adjectives. You couldn’t tell your pals which movies are wonderful and which are overrated without adjectives. We can also characterize ourselves with adjectives, such as amazing, incredible, fantastic, and—of course—humble.
What are Adjective?
Adjectives are words that describe or alter other words. They help you be considerably more specific and intriguing in your writing and speech. They are descriptive include the words little, blue, and sharp. Adjectives are typically placed before the noun or pronoun that they modify since they are used to identify or quantify particular persons and distinctive things. Multiple adjectives can be seen in some sentences.
Forms of Adjectives: Degrees of Comparison
In order to compare similar characteristics of various subjects that carry out the same action, adjectives might be utilized. It comes in three varieties, or more precisely, three distinctions of comparison.
- Positive or Absolute Form
- Comparative Form
- Superlative Form
Positive Degree of Comparison
The adjective employed in its original form has a positive form, or a positive degree of comparison. For instance: I love this movie. When there is no alternative topic to compare, this adjective form is applied.
Comparative Degree of Comparison
When two subjects performing the same activity or having the same quality are compared, the comparative form of the adjective is used. For example, the movie I watched yesterday was more intriguing than the one I watched today.
Superlative Degree of Comparison
When two or more subjects with the same quality are being compared, the superlative degree of comparison is employed to show which subject is better at executing the action than the other subjects. For example: This fantasy movie is the most fascinating one I’ve ever seen.
Types of Adjectives
- Descriptive Adjectives
- Quantitative Adjectives
- Proper Adjectives
- Demonstrative Adjectives
- Possessive Adjectives
- Interrogative Adjectives
- Indefinite Adjectives
- Compound Adjectives
A term that describes nouns and pronouns is referred to as a descriptive adjective. This class includes the majority of the adjectives. These give the nouns or pronouns they modify or describe information and attributes. Qualitative adjectives are another name for descriptive adjectives. When they modify a noun, participles are also included in this sort of adjective.
- I have a fast (The word ‘fast’ is describing an attribute of the bike)
- I am hungry. (The word ‘hungry’ is providing information about the subject)
- The hungry babies are crying.
- I saw a flying
The amount of the nouns or pronouns is revealed via a quantitative adjective. This kind of inquiry falls under the “how much” and “how many” question categories.
- I have 40 bucks in my wallet. (How much)
- They have three (How many)
- You should have completed the whole (How much)
Adjective forms of proper nouns are called proper adjectives. Proper nouns change become proper adjectives when they alter or characterize other nouns or pronouns. Proper does not mean formal or polite, but rather “particular.”
A suitable adjective enables us to encapsulate a concept in a single word. You can write or say “Chinese food” in place of “a food made in a Chinese recipe.” Like proper nouns, proper adjectives are typically capitalized.
- American cars are very strong.
- Indian people are hard workers.
- I love McD
An adjective that is demonstrative relates specifically to something or someone. Adjectives with a demonstrative function include this, that, these, and those.
A demonstrative adjective is usually placed before the word it modifies, whereas a demonstrative pronoun functions independently and does not come before a noun.
- That house is so gorgeously decorated. (‘That’ refers to a singular noun far from the speaker)
- This bike is mine. (‘This’ refers to a singular noun close to the speaker)
- These babies are cute. (‘These’ refers to a plural noun close to the speaker)
An adjective in the possessive form denotes ownership or possession. It implies a sense of belonging to someone or something. The most popular possessive adverbs include my, his, her, our, their, and your.
These are all always used before nouns. These words require a noun to follow them, unlike possessive pronouns.
- My bike is parked outside.
- His dog is very cute.
- Our job is almost done.
- Her books are interesting.
A question is posed by an interrogative adjective. An object or a pronoun must come after an interrogative adjective. The adjectives that ask a question include which, what, and whose. If a noun does not come right after these words, they will not be taken into account as adjectives. “Whose” is a possessive adjective by definition.
- Which mobile do you use?
- What game do you want to play?
- Whose house is this?
A noun is unspecifically described or modified by an indeterminate adjective. They give vague or general information about the term. Few, many, much, most, all, any, each, every, either, nobody, several, some, etc. are examples of common indefinite adjectives.
- I gave some chocolates to her.
- I want a few moments alone.
- Several writers wrote about the recent incidents.
- Each student will have to submit assignments tomorrow.
Additionally, articles change nouns. Articles are thus adjectives as well. Nouns are defined by their respective articles. A generic noun is denoted by “a” or “an,” while a specific noun is denoted by “the.”
- A cat is always afraid of water. (Here, the noun ‘cat’ refers to any cat, not specific.)
- The cat is afraid of me. (This cat is a specific cat.)
- An electronic product should always be handled with care.
They are formed when compound nouns or words unite to modify another noun. This kind of adjective typically modifies a noun by combining several words into a single lexical unit. Frequently, a hyphen separates them or a quote mark links them.
- I have a broken-down
- I saw a six-foot-long
- He gave me an “I’m gonna kill you now”
Adjective vs. Adverb: What’s the Difference?
We are aware that adverbs describe verbs and adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. For instance, “lavish lifestyle” is an adjective phrase that modifies the noun “lifestyle” with the adjective “lavish.” An adverbial phrase is “living lavishly,” where “living” is a verb and “lavishly” is an adverb.
This distinction is, however, not comprehensive. A connecting verb’s objective complement might also be an adjective. For example:
- You seem happy about your new friend.
- I feel bad about eating the last slice.
- He doesn’t feel good enough for her.
In the first sentence, “happy” is an adjective that complements the noun “seems.” In the second sentence, the adjective “bad” complements “feel.”
A typical form of grammatical mistake is caused by a lack of understanding that adjectives complement connecting verbs. Many people erroneously substitute an adverb for a predicate adjective. Some people say “I feel badly” rather than “I feel bad.”
Some of us just understand the relationship between adjectives and nouns and pronouns. Because of this, the verb “feel” appears to prefer an adverb to an adjective.
Take the word “good,” for example, whose adverbial counterpart is “well” rather than “goodly.” The phrase “smells good” refers to someone or something having a pleasant aroma.
It’s also possible to be right, but the meaning of “smell well” is different. It might imply that a person has a keen sense of smell.
|Basic Grammar Rules||Commonly used Antonyms|
|Idiomatic Phrases||Commonly used Synonyms|
|Slogans on World Environment Day||World Water Day|