Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (MTB) bacteria or the Tuberculosis causes more than 1.5 million deaths in a year across the globe. Every year WHO organize various awareness programs to educate millions about this deadly bacteria on March 24 in the event of World Tuberculosis day. While this airborne disease remains as one of the lethal bacteria, BCG is the only known vaccination for this. People with AIDS and low immune systems are prone towards this fatal bacteria comparing with a healthy person.
World Tuberculosis Day 2020: March 24
Every year the whole world come together to spread the awareness of the Tuberculosis disease on March 24. World Health Organizations (WHO) observe the World Tuberculosis Day to highlights the devastating health, social and economic issues in the society because of the TB. In 2018 only more than 1500,000 people lost their lives due to this killer bacteria. Even today TB remains as the deadliest bacteria in the world.
The theme of 2020 for the World Tuberculosis Day “It’s time to End TB!“.
On March 24, 1882, Dr Robert Koch discovered the bacterium that causes TB. Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Mycobacterium Tuberculosis affects the lungs, but eventually, they damage other parts of the human body. This deadly bacteria spread through airborne respiratory droplets. When an infected person with Tuberculosis in lungs or throat coughs, sneezes, or talks it will spread to the other humans. It is believed that more than a quarter of the world’s population is infected with TB bacteria. Major symptoms for pulmonary TB is:
- a bad cough which lasts for 3 weeks or longer
- chest pain
- coughing up blood or sputum (a mixture of saliva and mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract)
- weakness/ fatigue
- lack of appetite, etc
The usual vaccine for TB patients is Bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG).
India, and Tuberculosis
India accounts for 24% of the wold’s TB infected patients, while the death rate is 21%. To prevent TB bacteria, the Indian government started the National Tuberculosis Programme in 1962. In 1993, the government renew the program into the Revised National TB Control Program (RNTCP) to expand its reach. Yet the government fail to reach the majority. Even today India has the world’s largest tuberculosis epidemic according to the WHO reports. On December 30, 2019, the Union government renamed the Revised National Tuberculosis Control Program (RNTCP) to National Tuberculosis Elimination Program (NTEP). Among the AIDS patients in India, TB is the cause of one in every third death. The impact of TB in Indian economy is so high that it costs us nearly USD 340 billion in a year.
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