Every country has its intelligence agency; maybe more than one. The purpose of these agencies is to safeguard a country from a crisis. Here the term intelligence means to gather crucial information for a nation’s interest. It is primarily for safeguarding the country’s security and defense. This is processed by intercepting foreign authorities’ communication, decoding military information, and spying. These processes are done by a special defense agency which will be operated by the higher intelligence agency.
What are the functions of Intelligence Agencies of the World?
The major functions of different intelligence agencies across the world can be classified as follows
The collection of crucial information both internationally and domestically is the main objective of these agencies. This may sometimes need extra-legal measures. The gathering of information sometimes will be done out of legal boundaries. They also acquire information with the permission of the government.
Analyzing of collected intelligence
After gathering the information, they analyze it whether it is an actual threat or not to the nation. Not all of the information will be alerted, but there will be threats that will be a real challenge. If finds any treat information, they suggest the government to take preventive actions against the same.
These intelligence agencies also perform covert operations. They provide support for organizations or group of people that is hostile to rival countries.
Last, but not least function of IAs is counter-intelligence. This is to safeguard the country from other rival intelligence agencies. This may be either by defensive plans or by offensive plans.
Now let us have a look at the list of intelligence agencies PDF of the world
List of Intelligence Agencies of the World
|S No.||Intelligence Agencies||Country|
|1||Australian Secret Intelligence Service (ASIS)||Australia|
|2||Brazilian Intelligence Agency (ABIN)||Brazil|
|3||Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS)||Canada|
|4||Ministry of State Security (MSS covers both internal and external security)||China|
|5||General Directorate for External Security (DGSE)||France|
|6||Federal Intelligence Service (BND)||Germany|
|7||Research & Analysis Wing (RAW)||India|
|8||Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations (Mossad)||Israel|
|9||Public Security Intelligence Agency (PSIA)||Japan|
|10||New Zealand Security Intelligence Service (SIS or NZSIS)||New Zealand|
|11||ISI (Inter-Services Intelligence)||Pakistan|
|12||Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR)||Russia|
|13||General Intelligence Presidency (GIP)||Saudi Arabia|
|14||Secret Intelligence Service (MI6)||UK|
|15||Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)||US|
Some facts about RAW (Research & Analysis Wing)
- RAW was founded on 21st September 1968
- Headquarters is situated at CGO Complex, New Delhi
- Its Motto is ‘The Law Protects When it is Protected’
- First director was Rameshwar Nath Kao
- Present Director- Samant Goel
- RAW is only answerable to the Prime Minister and the Joint Intelligence Committee.
- Head of the RAW is known as the Secretary in the Cabinet Secretariat
- Director reports only to the Cabinet Secretary
- Cabinet Secretary reports to the PM.
- RAW also involves in the security strategies of the Indian Nuclear Programme, apart from its main goals such as counter-terrorism, gathering intelligence, counter-proliferation, etc.
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