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Science is basically the conceptual and empirical undertaking of the systematic study of the structure and behavior of the physical and natural world through observations and experiments. A series of instruments are used when conducting these experiments and observations. Hence, scientific instruments definitely plays a vital role when dealing with every area related to science. Scientific instruments are used for indicating, calculating and recording and producing different physical quantities. Moreover, they also play an important role when dealing with both natural phenomenon and theoretical research. In this article, we will give you a glimpse of scientific instruments and their uses.
A knowledge about different scientific instruments will definitely assist you in any competitive exam pertaining to this field. Hence, gear up yourselves to read and learn the list of all major scientific instruments and their uses in this article! Happy Learning!
List of Scientific Instruments and their Uses
Listed below is the major scientific instruments and their uses.
|Sl. No.||Name of the Instrument||Uses|
|1||Accumulator||Stores electrical energy|
|2||Altimeter||measures altitudes (in air crafts)|
|3||Ammeter||Measures the strength of electric current in amperes|
|4||Anemometer||Measures force and velocity of wind|
|5||Audiometer||Measures how well a person hears|
|6||Accelerometer||Measures acceleration forces|
|7||Actinometer||Measures the heating power of sunlight|
|8||Alcoholmeter||Measures alcoholic strength of liquids|
|9||Absorptiometer||Measures solubility of gases in liquids|
|10||Arthroscope||Examines interior of a joint|
|12||Auxanometer||Measures the growth of Plants|
|13||Barometer||Measures air pressure|
|14||Bathymeter||Records contours of Deep Oceans|
|15||Bolometer||Measures radiant energy|
|16||Bronchoscope||Examines the wind pipe|
|17||Binocular||View/see distant objects|
|18||Calorimeter||Measures evolved heat|
|19||Cardiograph||Records the movement of heart|
|20||Cathetometer||Measures short, vertical distances|
|21||Carburetor||In internal combustion engine for charging air with petrol vapour|
|22||Calliper||Measures diameters of thin wire or cylinder|
|23||Colorimeter||Compares intensities of colou|
|24||Cinematograph||Projects pictures on the screen|
|25||Crescograph||Records the movement of the tip of a plant|
|26||Cystoscope||Examines the bladder|
|27||Cytometer||Counts the cells|
|28||Chromatograph||Performs chromatographic separations|
|29||Dynamo||Converts mechanical energy into electrical energy|
|30||Dynamometer||Measures force, torque and power|
|32||Durometer||Measures hardness of a substance|
|34||Electrocardiograph||Measures unusual fluctuations of heart|
|35||Electrograph||Records electric potential|
|36||Endoscope||Visualizes the interior view of a hollow organ|
|40||Galactometer||Measures specific gravity of milk|
|41||Galvanometer||Measures electric current|
|42||Haptometer||Measures the sensitivity to touch|
|43||Hydrometer||Measure specific gravity of liquids|
|44||Hygrometer||Measures air moisture|
|45||Interferometer||Analyzes the spectra of light|
|46||Konimeter||Measures the dust in air|
|47||Kymograph||Records fluid pressure|
|48||Labidometer||Measures the size of head of a fetus|
|49||Lactometer||Tests the relative density of milk|
|50||Laparascope||Views the interior of peritoneal cavity|
|51||Manometer||Measures pressure of a liquid or gas|
|52||Micrometer||Measures very small distances|
|53||Microscope||Magnifies small objects|
|55||Odometer||Measures distance travelled|
|56||Ohmmeter||Measures electrical resistance|
|57||Oscilloscope||Detects electrical fluctuations|
|58||Phonometer||Measures sound levels|
|59||Photometer||Measures Light Intensity|
|60||Radarscope||Detects radar signals|
|61||Radioscope||Measures radiation energy|
|62||Saccharimeter||Measures sugar in a solution|
|63||Seismometer||Measures the intensity of earthquake|
|64||Sonograph||Records and analyzes sound|
|68||Urinometer||Measures specific gravity of urine|
|69||Vaporimeter||Measures vapor pressure|
|70||Voltmeter||Measures electrical potential|
|72||Wattmeter||Measures electrical power|
|74||Xylometer||Measures specific gravity of wood|
Hope that this article was useful to you. It will indeed help you to score better in General Knowledge section of competitive examinations. In any competitive examination, General Knowledge questions boasts a certain amount of marks and also contributes to major section of the exam pattern. hence it is very important to enhance your general knowledge as much as possible before attending any competitive examination.
Scientific Instruments, Inventors and uses
Usage : measures strength of winds
Invented by : Leon Battista Alberti
Usage: Used to measure atmospheric pressure and conditions
Invented by: Evangelista Torricelli
Usage: Used to record the movement of the tip of a plant
Invented by: Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose
Usage: Converts mechanical energy into electrical energy
Invented by: Michael Faraday
Usage: Used to measure depth of the ocean
Invented by: Herbert Grove Dorsey
Scientific Instruments Quiz
1. “Chronometer” is used to?
(a) to Determine longitude of a vessel at sea
(b) to Measure heat Radiation
(c) to Convert mechanical energy into electrical energy
(d) None of the above
2. “Pyrometer” is used to measure-
(a) Heart Beat
(b) Water Pressure
(c) Very High Temperature
(d) Speed of Light
3. Which is used to measure heat radiation?
4. Which instrument is used to measure inner and outer diameters of bodies?
5. Which is used to compare intensity of colours?
6. which among the below mentioned instruments is used to measure the sound waves inside the water?
7. Name the device using which the truthness of the human being is checked?
8. Which instrument is used to measure the rate of flow of liquids?
9. Which among the below mentioned instruments is used to measure the power of an electric circuit?
10. Which among the following devices is used to measure the intensity of the earthquake?
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