“The highest education is that which does not merely give us information but makes our life in harmony with all existence.”- Rabindranath Tagore. Rabindranath Tagore was a great scholar, novelist, essayist, song composer, playwright and a painter. Rabindranath Tagore was well known for his literature works. Not just his literature works, he was also a very well-known humanist, Universalist and internationalist. He was the only person known to have composed the national anthem for more than one country. He was born on May 7, 1861 to a rich Brahmin family in Calcutta. Rabindranath Tagore’s birthday is a regional Indian holiday in Tripura and West Bengal. During his lifetime Rabindranath Tagore celebrated his birthday on the Pochishe Baisakh, the 25th day of Baisakh, the first month in the Bengali calendar. In 1861, the year of his birth, Pochishe Baisakh was on May 7th, hence West Bengal observes the holiday on May 7th. Tripura observes Rabindranath Tagore’s Birthday on the specific day that Pochishe Baisakh falls that year . This year Rabindranath Tagore Birthday 2023 will fall on May 09 2023 as per the Bengali calendar. Rabindranath Tagore Jayanti is celebrated to mark his birth day.
In this article let us learn more about this famous personality in the history of our nation and world. Check here for Rabindranath Tagore’s Childhood, education, achievements. We have also enclosed Rabindranath Tagore Quiz at the end. Do not forget to attempt the quiz and test your knowledge on the same.
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Rabindranath Tagore Birthday 2023 -Childhood, Education, Achievements and Quiz
In this article readers can get a glimpse on
- Childhood and Education of Rabindranath Tagore
- Timeline- Rabindranath Tagore
- Works and achievements of Rabindranath Tagore
- Rabindranath Tagore- Quiz
Childhood and Education of Rabindranath Tagore
About Rabindranath Tagore at a Glance
- Born: 7 May 1861
- Place of Birth: Calcutta, British India
- Father: Debendranath Tagore
- Mother: Sarada Devi
- Spouse: Mrinalini Devi
- Children: Renuka Tagore, Shamindranath Tagore, Meera Tagore, Rathindranath Tagore and Madhurilata Tagore
- Died: 7 August 1941
- Place of Death: Calcutta, British India
- Profession: Writer, song composer, playwright, essayist, painter
- Language: Bengali, English
- Award: Nobel Prize in Literature (1913)
Son of the religious reformer Debendranath Tagore, Rabindranath Tagore began his works in literature at a very young age. He began writing verses and short stories at a very young age. He wrote his first poem at the age of eight. He lost his mother at a very young age and he was raised by maids and servants. His father travelled widely.
As his father wanted him to become a barrister Tagore was enrolled at a public school in Brighton East Sussex, England in the year 1878. But he left Europe without completing his studies. He returned back to Bengal in the year 1880 with an aim to reconcile European novelty with Brahmo traditions by taking best from each. After returning to Bengal he spent his time by regularly publishing poems, novels and stories.
In 1883 he married ten year old Mrinalini. They had five children, two of whom died in childhood. In 1901 he moved to Santiniketan to found an ashram. It was there where his wife and two children passed away.
Timeline- Rabindranath Tagore
The timeline of major events are mentioned below
|1861||Rabindranath Tagore was born on 7 May 1861.|
|1877||He wrote his first poem, which was composed in a Maithili style.|
|1878||Tagore took admission at a public school in Brighton, England|
|1880||He dropped out in middle and returned home|
|1883||He married Mrinalini|
|1901||Tagore moved to Santiniketan, West Bengal|
|1913||Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize in literature.|
|1915||He received the title Knighthood from the British government|
|1921||Tagore founded an Institute for Rural Reconstruction, Shriniketan|
|1937||He first lost his consciousness|
|1940||His second phase of illness began|
|1941||Rabindranath Tagore died on 7 August 1941.|
Works and Achievements of Rabindranath Tagore
Following are the few major achievements of Rabindranath Tagore
- Rabindranath Tagore was the first Indian to win Nobel Prize. He won Nobel Prize in Literature in the year 1913 for his best-known work in the poetry This made him the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore was also Asia’s first Nobel laureate and the second non-European after Theodore Roosevelt to receive a Nobel Prize. Rabindranath Tagore is regarded as the greatest Indian poet of the 20th century and he is the most renowned modern Indian poet.
- Rabindranath Tagore was the founder of the prestigious Visva Bharati University.
- Rabindranath Tagore composed the National anthem of India and Bangladesh and s contributed to the National Anthem of Sri Lanka. He is the only person in the world to have penned the national anthem of more than one nation.
- In 1940, the University of Oxford in England conferred Tagore with an honorary doctorate for his numerous achievements, including those in the field of education.
- Rabindranath Tagore was crowned by the British with knight Title in the year 1915.
- In 1930 the paintings of Rabindranath Tagore was exhibited in Paris and London. He became the first Indian artist to exhibit his works across Europe, Russian and Unites States. 102 works by him are listed in the collections of India’s National Gallery of Modern art.
- Rabindranath Tagore wrote Oxford during his stay in Birmingham
- Rabindranath Tagore was the co-founder of Dartington Hall School in Japan.
- In 1877, at the age of 16, Rabindranath Tagore wrote a short story titled Bhikharini. The best known short stories of Rabindranath Tagore include Kabuliwala (The Fruit seller from Kabul), based on which a 1957 Bengali film and a 1961 Hindi film were made
- Indian Postage Department showed their tribute to Rabindranath Thakur on 7th May 1961 when a Stamp released in the name of Rabindranath Tagore.
- Indian Government, West Bengal Government and many Private Firms showed respect to Rabindranath Tagore by opening Institutions, Health Centers, and many Seva Centres worldwide in the name of Rabindranath Tagore.
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