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Knowing the States and its formation days, dates are an important topic involved in competitive examinations, and also it is general knowledge that every Indian citizen should be aware of! Telangana Day or Telangana Formation Day is celebrated every year on 2nd June. Telangana is the 29th state of India formed in 2014 and ranks 11 in terms of size. Eventhough Telangana formation Day 2021 is holiday, various cultural festivals, celebrations are conducted by the government or other officials every year. But, this year, due to the Covid 19 regulations, no such celebrations will be organized. In this article let us check the history, facts including static GK, and try out quizzes related to Telangana.
Telangana Day 2023: History and Formation
While going through history, the state of Telangana was ruled by the following empires before the British rule in India:
- Maurya Empire (320 BCE–180 BCE)
- Satavahana dynasty (180 BCE–220 CE)
- Vakataka dynasty (250 CE–500 CE)
- Chalukya dynasty (543 CE–753 CE)
- Rashtrakuta dynasty (753 CE–982 CE)
- he Kakatiya dynasty (1083 CE–1323 CE)
- Delhi Sultanate (1323 CE–1326 CE)
- Musunuri Nayaks (1326 CE–1356 CE)
- Recherla Nayaks (1356 CE–1424 CE)
- Bahmani Sultanate (1347 CE–1512 CE),
- Vijayanagara Empire (1336 CE–1646 CE)
- Qutb Shahi dynasty (1512 CE–1687 CE)
- Mughal Empire (1687 CE–1724 CE)
- Asaf Jahi Dynasty (1724 CE–1948 CE)
In the post-independence period, the state was ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad and Nizam didn’t want to merge with the Indian Union when the state reorganizations were going on and wanted to remain an independent province. But, the Government of India annexed Hyderabad State to the Union on 17 September 1948 through a military operation called Operation Polo. And, M. K. Vellodi, was appointed as the first Chief Minister of Hyderabad State on 26 January 1950.
Telangana Movements lead to the formation of the New State
Within the state of Andhra Pradesh, the advocates of a separate Telangana state cite recognized injustices in the distribution of water, budget allocations, and jobs, and these lead to a mass protest for a new state. Check the year-wise
- 1969 to 1973 – First social tensions started to arouse.
- 1997 – Resolution seeking a separate Telangana was passed
- 9th December 2009 – Union Minister of Home Affairs P. Chidambaram announced to start the process of forming a separate Telangana state.
But later, the Union govt. took the decision that no action will be taken until a consensus is reached by all parties and groups in the state.
In response to this a Joint Action Committee, comprising political and non-political groups was formed to lead the demand for separate Telangana with M Kodandaram as its convenor.
- 3rd February- the government appointed a five-member committee headed by Justice Sri Krishna to look into the issue (Sri- Krishna Committee). The Indian Home Ministry released the 505-page Sri-Krishna committee on 6 January 2011.
- 7th February 2011 – noncooperation movement was started within the state
- 13th September 2011 – Sakala Janula Samme (All people’s strike) commenced
- After many movements in the early period of 2013, Congress Working Committee (CWC) unanimously passed a resolution on 30 July to create the State of Telangana.
- 3rd October 2013 – Union Cabinet approved the creation of the new State of Telangana.
- 6th December 2013 – India’s Union Home Ministry send the Telangana draft bill to The President of India.
- 11th December 2013- The President of India reviewed the bill and passed it to the Andhra Pradesh State Assembly
- 7th February 2014 – Union cabinet cleared the Telangana bill and planned to introduce it in the upper house of Parliament with 32 amendments.
- 18th February 2014 – Telangana Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha
- 20th February 2014 – The Telangana bill was passed by Rajya Sabha
- On 4th March 2014 Government of India has declared 2nd June 2014 as the Telangana Formation Day. Thus, Telangana is now the 28th state of the Union of India with Hyderabad as its capital. It was decided like, both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states will be sharing the capital for 10 years until Seemandhra can establish its own.
- Telangana Language Day – 9th September (the date chosen on 100th birth anniversary of Kaloji Narayana Rao, renowned writer, poet of the Telangana)
- Telangana Formation Day, Date 2021: Wednesday, 2nd of June
- Telangana Formation Day Holiday Date: 2 June 2021
Facts Related to Telangana
Telangana is situated in the south-central stretch of the Indian peninsular on the Deccan Plateau and it is the 12th most populated state of India. The state comprises 33 districts with the latest two new districts, Mulugu and Narayanpet.
The capital city is Hyderabad (the largest city of Telangana). Hyderabad was built by Quli Qutub Shahlioes on the banks of river Musi, with the Charminar at its center.
State and its Boundaries
- Telangana is a land-locked state and shares boundaries with states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, and Andhra Pradesh as its border states.
Official Languages of Telangana
- Telugu and Urdu(second official language)
- First Prime Minister – K Chandrashekar Rao (incumbent)
- First Governor – E S L Narasimhan
- Speaker- Pocharam Srinivas Reddy
- Deputy Speaker – T. Padma Rao Goud
- Present Governor – Tamilisai Soundararajan
- Vidhan Sabha, or Legislative Assembly – 119 constituencies
- State Tree – Jammi Chettu (Prosopis Cineraria)
- State Animal – Jinka (Deer)
- State Bird – Palapitta (Indian Roller or Blue Jay)
- State Sport – Kabaddi
- Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park
- Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park and
- Mrugavani National Park
- Eturunagaram Wildlife Sanctuary, Warangal
- Pakhal Wildlife Sanctuary, Warangal
- Kawal Tiger Reserve, Adilabad
- Pranahita Wildlife Sanctuary, Adilabad
- Kinnerasani Wildlife Sanctuary, Khammam
- Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary, Medak
- Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar
- Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary, Medak and Nizamabad
- Shivaram Wildlife Sanctuary, Karimnagar
Multi-State Irrigation Projects
- Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, the world’s highest masonry dam
- Rajiv Gandhi International Airport at Shamshabad
Monuments in Telangana
- Golconda Fort
- Qutb Shahi Tombs
- Chowmahalla Palace
- Falaknuma Palace
- Birla Mandir
- Nagarjun sagar, Bhongir Fort, Warangal Fort, Khammam Fort
- Kuntala Waterfall
- Bogatha Waterfall
- Savatula Gundam Waterfalls
- Gowri Gundaala waterfalls
Telangana Day 2023: Practice Quiz
1. The first campaign for a separate Telangana state was started by _______
2. The total number of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha seats in Telangana state
Ans. Lok Sabha – 17 and Rajya Sabha – 7
3. Main languages or the official languages in the state are ______
Ans. Telugu and Urdu
4. How many districts are there in Telangana state?
5. Name the State bird of Telangana
Ans. Indian Roller (Nilkanth)
6. Which is the State animal of Telangana?
Ans. Spotted Deer
7. Which is the State flower of Telangana?
Ans. Tangdoo (Kadad)
8. Name the state tree of Telangana
Ans. Shammi (Khaydhi)
9. Telangana state formation day is celebrated on?
Ans. 2 June since 2014
10. How many states share their borders with Telangana?
Ans. 4. Maharashtra to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Karnataka to the west, and Andhra Pradesh to the east and south
11. Who is the present Speaker of Telangana Vidhan Sabha?
Ans. Pocharam Srinivas Reddy
12. Ans. After the formation of Telangana, presently how many states does India have?
Ans. 28 states and 8 Union territories in the country
13. Name the first Chief Minister of Telangana?
Ans. Kalvakuntla Chandrashekar Rao
14. Name the river on which the Nagarjuna Sagar dam was built?
15. Which day is celebrated as Telangana Language day?
Ans. September 09
So, all these regarding the Telangana day or the Telangana Formation Day 2023. Usually, it is celebrated harmoniously by the people and the government of Telangana in various ways like making a poster of the state, sharing messages through social media, programs coordinated by government officials in various departments. But this year due to the restrictions it will solely celebrated on social platforms. Hope the article provided you with various basic facts related to the state.
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