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When you’re about to learn a new craft or start a new career, you want to make sure that the path you choose will be a future-proof one, right?
Becoming a full-stack developer is a choice you won’t regret. It’s like turning yourself into the coding world’s Swiss army knife. Not to mention a lot of future opportunities and in-demand specializations ahead.
Let’s see what a junior full-stack developer’s career options look like in the year 2023.
So you might be asking:
What are the career options of a junior full-stack developer?
Full stack developer jobs are as below :
5. Test Automation Engineer
1. Full-Stack Developer
What does a Full-Stack Developer do?
When you’re working as a Full-Stack Developer, then you’re someone who:
- works with both the front-end and the back-end of an application,
- is a master of multiple programming languages,
- transitions from one development environment to the next, seamlessly,
- manages databases and servers,
- communicates with specialized developers, the graphic design team and clients, to deliver the best product possible, and to reduce the time used for team communication, and
- keeps up with emerging technology that can help the business’ needs.
Traits that make a great Full-Stack Developer
A great Full-Stack Developer is someone who is:
- An original, out-of-the-box thinker
Are Full-Stack Developers in demand?
Based on the trends we see in the tech industry, Full-Stack Developers in particular will continue to be highly attractive to employers.
They are professionals that can by themselves get more of the job done, which is super valuable to companies today. Full-stack developers speed up and streamline the development process, which works well with smaller budgets and speeding digitalisation.
2. Front-End Developer
By now we have settled that the front end is the client-side, the visual aspect of a webpage or application. As a full-stack developer, you can choose to specialize in front-end development and create amazing visual solutions that people can marvel at.
What do Front-End Developers really do?
If you embark on this path, you will bring design and functionality together in your daily job. You’ll be responsible for the structure, the look, the content and the behavior of what users see when they open up a page or an app.
Your goal will be to take the design and build it into something functional, make the products responsive and to have their performance excel across different devices.
You’ll do this by:
- optimising graphics and page speed,
- maintaining brand consistency,
- developing new features, and
- performing functional testing.
Traits that make a great Front-End Developer
A great Front-End Developer is someone who is:
- Artistic, creative
- An out-of-the-box thinker
Front-End Developers should have a vast understanding of user design thinking and keep accessibility in mind, always. They’re the ones asking questions like “Where would a certain feature work best on the site?” or “Where would the users go on the site to get something done?”
You will be on top of the front-end food chain if you have a keen eye for detail and design, and possess great interpersonal skills. Front-End Developers need to be able to present and discuss projects and liaise with clients as well as other specialists and teams. Depending on the company and the specific job, they could even be required to know some design, wireframing, A/B testing or even some UX (User Experience).
Which programming languages do Front-End Developers use?
On a daily basis, Front-End Developers work with:
- HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) – to define the “where” and the “what”, that means the structure of web pages
- CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)- to apply styles to web pages and make them shine with beautiful designs
- Trending front-end frameworks
Plus, they also use techniques for:
- Search Engine Optimisation (SEO), and
- Web Performance Optimisation.
These are the ground zeros of front-end development. Plus, Front-End Developers in 2023 should be prepared to have a more in-depth understanding of the front-end ecosystem.
Are Front-End Developers in demand?
Our lives are getting increasingly digital, and the pandemic has catalyzed this tendency even further. So front-end developers will be in high demand coming into 2023.
Plus, exciting opportunities lie ahead for future front-end pros. Since more companies could demand that they gather technical know-how of 3D and 2D animations with WebGL, virtual reality (VR) and even augmented reality (AR).
3. Back-End Developer
So while the front-end dedicates all the attention to the client-side, the back-end handles the server-side, which is like the brain of a site or an application.
If you join the back-end developer tribe one day, you’ll be designing, fixing and shaping behind-the-scenes aspects of digital products that users never see, only enjoy. A seamlessly built-up back end is the heart of complex digital products.
If the back end is not right, then the product is not right either. So back-end developers play key roles in the development process.
What do Back-End Developers really do?
It’ll be your job to make the click of a button on a webpage work perfectly on the server-side. You’ll:
- Write high-quality code
- Test and debug to make sure everything runs smoothly
- Maintain databases
- Manage application program interfaces (APIs)
Traits that make a great Back-End Developer
- Organised, likes to work in a structured environment
It’s an exciting, dynamic career path, which can get quite analytical and complex. And a Back-End Developer plays a critical role in any development team. It will be a challenging, exciting road, where you will be able to utilize your logical thinking and creative problem-solving skills.
Which programming languages and frameworks do Back-End Developers use?
To make the server, app, and database communicate with each other, Back-End Developers use multiple coding languages and tools. We will list some of the most popular ones here, but note that there are a ton of languages, tools and frameworks you could learn to use. However, there are some that are more in-demand than others.
Back-end developers will build apps using languages like:
- .Net, or
For different server-side programming languages, back-end developers also work with different frameworks (libraries of the languages that help to build the server configuration) like:
- Django and Flask for Python,
- Express.js in Node.js,
- Spring for Java,
- Ruby on Rails for Ruby, or
- .Net for C#.
Are Back-End Developers in demand?
Oh, you’ll definitely have a fun time on the job market as a Back-End Developer, even in a junior position.
Statistics from the US Bureau of Labor and Statistics show that the need for Back-End Developers will grow an expected 13% by 2028, thanks to a rise in the popularity of mobile devices and the e-commerce industry.
4. Web Developer
As a Web Developer, you could be building websites from the ground up and maintaining them. You will collaborate with designers, clients and stakeholders to understand the requirements, and bring a vision – a beautiful, well-performing and functioning website – to life.
What a Web Developer actually does
You’ll ask questions like “How busy will the website be?”, “What are visitors going to use it for?” or “What kind of technology does it need to be compatible with?”
You’ll collaborate with designers, clients and stakeholders to understand the requirements. Then, on top of the front-end aspects of a site, you’ll also care about factors like data storage, server connections, and other back-end aspects.
Traits that make a great Web Developer
Similarly to Front-End Developers, a Web Developer should be:
- An out-of-the-box thinker
Which programming languages and technologies do Web Developers use?
Though web developers work specifically with internet-based technologies, they use similar languages and tools as other developers do.
Web Developers work with programming languages like:
- or PHP.
They will use other languages too, to set up the technical aspects of websites, like user authentication, databases or email services. To tackle all this, they’ll use several essential tools like:
- code and text editors (Atom, Sublime Text, Notepad++ or Vim),
- prototyping tools (Figma, Sketch or Adobe XD), and
- version control systems like Git to build the code that presents the data.
Are Web Developers in demand?
It’s a lucrative decision to learn web development and start out in this field. On top of being rated one of the top 25 tech jobs in 2021, the number of web development roles in the US are expected to rise by 8% between 2019 and 2029. All this is due to the fact that mobile devices and e-commerce platforms are booming in popularity. So there’s a huge demand for developers who can create products for these platforms.
5. Test Automation Engineer
As a full-stack developer, you can go the quality assurance (QA) way too. You could build your career as a Test Automation Engineer and focus on creating technologies that make testing and debugging a more seamless, quick, and easy task.
What a Test Automation Engineer actually does
Your work could prevent bugs and embarrassing mistakes that end-users often face. These hiccups can be detrimental to any brand’s image but could be even more fatal for the banking or healthcare industry’s digital solutions.
This role is essential in software development, as products cannot go out live without testing first. Test Automation Engineers are also in high demand because they:
- can replace manual testing processes,
- benefit large projects by speeding up the testing process and automating repetitive tasks, and
- create tests scripts that can be reused during multiple iterations and later projects, too.
Traits that make a great Test Automation Engineer
- Assertive, empathetic
- Ability to see different perspectives
Which programming languages and technologies do Test Automation Engineers use?
There is a lot of variance between how companies do testing. In general, a Test Automation Engineer should have solid coding skills to design and implement different automated solutions. Here are a couple of languages you could be using in this role:
On top of programming languages, Test Automation Engineers should have expertise with automation tools like Selenium, to ensure flawless execution of browser-based web application automation testing.
Are Test Automation Engineers in demand?
It’s a field that’s definitely on the rise and very demanding. The world is becoming more digital with each passing day, and large companies are accelerating their digitalization too.
This means more software, more applications and more digital products. The testing solutions need to keep up with this acceleration, hence, test automation is expected to stay an in-demand, future-proof career option for many years to come.
6. DevOps Specialist
Mixing the words ‘development’ and ‘operations’, DevOps is much more than the description of a single specialist or tool. In short, DevOps is more like a philosophy or a methodology without a strict framework.
It’s a way of working that brings various teams (developers, Quality Assurance, Performance and others) together to deliver better products faster. A DevOps specialist helps their teams and organization get there by facilitating a continuous feedback loop.
What a DevOps Specialist actually does
In this new approach, a DevOps Specialist will be the mix of a facilitator and mediator. They play a key role in paving the way for organizations to adopt this new way of working, and won’t ever say the words “It’s not my responsibility.”
Furthermore, they are the ones operating and monitoring the digital products delivered by the development team. So in their roles they perform constant maintenance and monitoring activities, too.
Traits that make a great DevOps Specialist
- Assertivity, empathy
- Great communication and collaboration skills
What hard skills and tools do DevOps Specialists use?
To be successful in implementing DevOps, specialists need to be clear on the various stages and the tools that can facilitate those stages. To be on top of their game, DevOps specialists should have practice with a scripting language and possess a thorough understanding of:
- automation tools,
- CI (continuous integration) and CD (continuous delivery) tools,
- configuration management
- source code management,
- version control systems, and
- project management tools.
Bringing together all these aspects, DevOps Specialists sit with different teams daily to find pain points, and to bring about solutions that can help the entire organisation work better. So it’s no surprise that great soft skills are essential to do this job right.
Are DevOps Specialists in demand?
Most companies have started adopting DevOps practices making DevOps Specialists one of the most sought after roles in the IT sector today.
7. Java Developer
Java is one of the most widely used programming languages in the business world right now if you approach it the right way. It’s an amazing career opportunity and a super sought-after knowledge.
What a Java Developer actually does
Java developers hold in their hands the opportunity to develop an increasingly wide variety of software and digital products, like:
- Android apps,
- enterprise apps,
- desktop apps,
- web apps,
- robotics solutions,
- smart cards, and
- computer games.
Which programming languages and tools do Java Developers need to know?
Java developers have to have experience with:
- Java (surprise, surprise!)
- Databases and web storage
- Web Architecture
- Git & GitHub versioning systems
Are Java Developers in-demand?
Many industries and tech giants like IBM and Google use Java as their primary programming language. Thus, Java Developers – thanks to their popularity, versatility and adaptability – are in super high demand. Thanks to the large commercial outputs of these companies, Java has been propelled into the heart of commercial development. So Java Developers are expected to stay in high demand for many years to come.
8. Cybersecurity Specialist
Cybersecurity Specialists are like sophisticated watchdogs in the digital age. They shield development processes and complex IT systems against attacks and vulnerabilities. It’s a complex, challenging position as it requires the ability to think ahead of time. When the worst-case scenario hits, the Cybersecurity Specialist should be ahead of the curve with solutions and options to counter the attacks.
What a Cybersecurity Specialist actually does
In this role, you could create and implement audits to notice the pain points of security systems. The role is essential for noticing vulnerabilities across computer hardware and software systems and to make sure they are up-to-date and strengthened.
What’s more, security specialists can be responsible for keeping their co-workers up-to-date on security best practices, and for continuous monitoring to look for anomalies in the systems.
Traits that make a great Cybersecurity Specialist
A Cybersecurity Specialist is usually someone who is:
– an organised, detail-oriented thinker
– well-structured in their work
In this position, your ability to see systems through and notice risks will be essential. You will be able to do this job right with structured, analytical thinking skills and a keen eye for details. Plus, you will need to have an overview and a comprehensive understanding of the IT technology systems of large organisations. This is a complex task, where programming basics will aid you to do your job right.
Which technologies and soft skills do Cybersecurity Specialists use?
According to the Cybersecurity Guide, Cybersecurity Specialists are hired as much for their great soft skills as for their technical skills, because they need to be comfortable in a world that’s constantly moving. They need to be adaptable and should be able to wear many hats depending on the size and shape of the organisation they work in.
On top of these necessary soft skills, Cybersecurity Specialists should possess some basic programming skills, and are usually pros at:
- network and data security,
- setting up and maintaining firewalls,
- encryption technologies,
- security operations centers (SOCs),
- authentication, and
- various operating systems.
Are Cybersecurity Specialists in demand?
With digital technologies rapidly evolving, cyber-attacks are becoming more sophisticated too. And cyber security is becoming an increasingly important part of IT. Just think about how vital data security is for banks or medical institutions. This tendency is not about to change soon.
Full Stack Developers Salary in India
Estimated salaries paid by the top recruiters
Here is what we know about Full Stack Developer salaries in India’s premier tech companies-
- Tata Consultancy Services- INR 452846 per annum
- IBM- INR 659371 per annum
- Vassar Labs- INR 785542 per annum
- Nuclei- INR 10,55,280 per annum
- Report Garden- INR 809013 per annum
- Accenture- INR 530241 per annum
- Wipro- INR 420826 per annum
- GALE Partners- INR 818863 per annum
- Infosys- INR 335000 – INR 424000 per annum
- Cognizant Technology Solutions- INR 240000 – INR 625000 per annum
- Oracle- INR 1390000- INR 1693000 per annum
- Schlumberger- INR 168000- INR 2117000 per annum
- Tapzo- INR 1100000- INR 1210000 per annum
- Posist Technologies- INR 834000- INR 995000 per annum
Full Stack Developer Salary in India: Based on the city of employment
The number of job opportunities and the annual full stack developer salary in India for data innovators is the highest in Bangalore, followed by Mumbai and Gurgoan. Also, since Bangalore is the startup capital of India, it has the most opportunities for jobs in startups. A full stack developer’s salary in Bangalore would more likely to be higher than the other cities as it is considered to be the hub of the tech industry of India.
The city where you find employment will also have a say in how much you make as a Full Stack Developer. Certain cities have a well-established IT industry that churns out more profit than their counterpart in other cities. Everyday expenses on food, commute and lodging too are higher.
Here is a breakdown of Full Stack Developer Salary based on the city of employment
- New Delhi and the NCT- approximately INR 593391 per annum
- Kolkata, West Bengal- approximately INR 504036 per annum
- Mumbai, Maharashtra- approximately INR 634612 per annum
- Gurgaon, Hariyana- approximately INR 620410 per annum
- Ahmedabad, Gujarat- approximately INR 37987 per month
- Bengaluru, Karnataka- approximately INR 760880 per annum
- Chennai, Tamil Nadu- approximately INR 585956 per annum
- Hyderabad, Telangana- approximately INR 615448 per annum
Full Stack Developer Salary in India: Based on experience
As we all know, more number of years you’ve been on the job, the higher your pay package is likely to be.
Let’s see how full stack developer salary in India varies based on experience.
Here is what we know about Full Stack Developer salary based on experience:
- For a fresh graduate, average entry-level full stack developer salary in India is ₹375,000
- An early career full stack developer with 1-4 years of experience earn an average of ₹553,006 annually.
- An employee with 5-9 years of experience would have the potential to secure between INR 12-14 lakhs. According to payscale, the average mid-level full stack developer salary in India is ₹1,375,689.
Let’s see how the salary increases with experience:
The average salary for a Full Stack Software Engineer with React.js skills in India is ₹782,993.
The average salary for a Full Stack Software Engineer with Angular.js skills in India is ₹360,000.