An engineering degree is one of the most popular undergraduate programs among students in India. But this popularity is not always a positive thing. The number of choices available after completion of B. Tech can be very confusing for students who have no clear ambitions or proper guidance. There are many career options after engineering to choose from. A large number of fresh graduates in the job market every year will raise the competition level. So finding the field you can excel is essential. Completing college with good grades is an accomplishment. But success in future depends on the ability of a graduate in choosing an appropriate career path for themselves. This article contains some of the possible career paths an engineering graduate can choose from. Reading this article will help you make an informed choice when the time comes.
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Career Options after Engineering – What to do after B. Tech?
What to do after B. Tech? This is a question that haunts the minds of several engineering graduates. Some options to choose from are listed below.
- Higher studies
- Short-term certifications and diplomas
- Career Options after Engineering
- Work-integrated learning programs
Now we have to learn further about these options listed.
If you are an academically inclined student, considering higher studies is a good choice. You can specialize in a domain of your engineering major. One can even change your stream and join an MBA if that is the kind of job that interests you. You can choose to attend an Indian or a foreign university of your choice. It is important to know the specifics of the course syllabus, admission and registration period dates etc. Some of these universities even require you to attend and score high marks in an entrance exam. Always remember to search and apply for scholarships that you are qualified for. Let us take a look at each of the options individually.
Master of Technology (M. Tech) is a very popular option among B. Tech graduates. This will help you to major in the particle domain that interests you. M. Tech is unavoidable if you aim on becoming an academic in engineering. IITs and NITs are the most popular institutions in India for pursuing master’s degrees in India. For this, they have to appear for an entrance examination popularly known as GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering). Some private universities offer separate entrance exams. But the GATE scores are valid criteria for your selection in both public and private sector universities alike.
If your choice for engineering higher studies is a foreign university, you can always go for a Master of Science (M.S) degree. The facilities and infrastructure offered by the topmost universities are incomparable. This will also give you ample opportunity to learn about the global trends in academia as well as the job market. But the eligibility criteria and immigration policies are very strict now. So you have to make sure that you meet all the essential eligibility requirements posed by the particular university. This includes the scores of language proficiency exams like IELTS, TOEFL etc.
The exam and score range in demand varies according to the country as well as the university to which you are applying. Most common entrance exam for an M.S. degree in foreign universities is GRE (Graduate Record Examination). Opting to shift your higher studies to a foreign country is a big investment and hence should be done with great care. In India, Joint Admission Test for MSc (JAM) which is conducted by IITs will help you to get into MS programs in prestigious universities.
If you want to switch your career from a technical domain to management or business then this is your path. The Master of Business Administration (MBA) is much preferred among engineering graduates nowadays. MBA offers better monetary advantages in jobs, especially private sector jobs. The most popular entrance exam for getting into business schools in India is the Common Admission Test (CAT). It is conducted by IIMs (Indian Institute of Management). Many other universities conduct other entrance exams like XAT, NMAT, SNAP, MICAT, TISSNET, IIFT etc. But the CAT scores are valid everywhere. Most MBA entrance exams consist of a written test, a group discussion and an interview. If you want to attend a business school abroad for MBA then you have to attend the exam called GMAT (Graduate Management Admission Test).
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Short-Term Certifications and Diplomas
Some students want to find a job as fast as possible after graduation but fail to get selected in campus interviews. They can increase their chance of employment by studying a short-term course in a specialization that is in high demand in the Job market at that time. These often are in the latest technologies. Many domains in engineering can be learned if you join a certificate course or a professional diploma. These specializations are mainly skill-based and job oriented. The short-term engineering courses offered in such a manner are a great addition to your resume. Some institutes with these courses also offer placement assistance to their students. All these factors discussed will increase your chances of getting a job. Companies are in desperate need of professionals in fields such as:
- Robotics and remote engineering
- Construction management
- AI and machine learning
- VLSI (Very-Large-Scale Integration)
- Software Testing
- Programming languages such as C, C++, C#, Java, .NET, SQL etc.
- Ethical hacking and cyber security
- Protocol testing
- Embedded technology
- Web Designing
- Technical drawing and designing
- UI/ UX designing
- Electrical Distribution system
- Data Science
- Digital Marketing
- Building Design Certification
- Borland database engine (BDE)
- ISO Lead Auditor Courses
- Red Hat Certified Engineer
- Electrical Distribution System
- Statistical Quality Control (SQC)
- Six Sigma
- Industrial automation
- Internet of things (IoT)
It is very difficult to find a full-time well-paid job in a reputed firm when you have just graduated. Many firms demand work experience for their job positions. In such cases, you can improve your resume by joining an internship or an apprenticeship. This will expose you to a real-world work environment and help you learn real-life situations and projects that come under your domain. It also offers you the opportunity to try your skills and grow as a professional. The advantage you have now is that many firms offer virtual internships nowadays that you can pursue while doing your engineering graduation. You can use the experiences you have during the internship to find whether that domain is suitable for you or you have to go for other options.
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Career Options after Engineering
There are many paths available for B. Tech graduates. Some of them are listed below.
Public Sector Undertaking Jobs
PSUs are companies that are partially owned by the government (central, state or both). They offer jobs which may be permanent, temporary or on a contract basis. Some of the firms consider your gate score during the process of recruitment. Some of them do not require a gate score for these procedures. Some of the PSUs that recruit engineers are listed below.
- Housing & Urban Development Corporation Limited
- LIC (Life Insurance Corporation of India)
- BHEL (Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited)
- Reserve Bank of India (RBI)
- Indian Coast Guard
- NALCO (National Aluminium Company Limited)
- UPPCL (Uttar Pradesh Power Corporation Ltd)
- Hindustan Newsprint Limited
- Delhi Electricity Regulatory Commission
- Bureau of Indian Standards
- Punjab Police Intelligence Recruitment
- Airport Authority of India
- Border Security Force (BSF)
- Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
- OPTCL (Odisha Power Transmission Corporation Limited)
- Shipping Corporation of India Limited (SCIL)
- National Mineral Development Corporation(NMDC)
- Hindustan Copper Limited
- CRPF Inspector Recruitment
- PEC Limited (The Project and Equipment Corporation of India Ltd.)
Private Sector Jobs
You can get into the private sector via campus placement or by applying to firms after doing your research on the internet. You can register on platforms such as “LinkedIn” and “Indeed” to find jobs from your domain with a job profile you like. Many international as well as domestic companies are hiring engineering graduates. But this sometimes requires you to move to big cities. The demand for engineers in India is lesser than the supply. So there will be fierce competition for existing positions. Maintaining good grades and having a perfect resume is the key to good performance in campus placement drives if that is your way to a private sector job. The top recruiters in the private sector for engineering graduates are the following firms.
- HCL Technologies
- TATA Consultancy
- Bain & Company
- Infosys Technologies
- Larson & Toubro
- Accenture Services
- IBM Global Services
- InfoEdge India Ltd
- Hindustan Unilever Ltd
- Rubrik and Uber
- Goldman Sachs
- AT Kearney
- Morgan Stanley
- Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd
- Deutsche Bank
- ITC Limited
- Mckinsey Knowledge Centre
- JP Morgan
- Procter & Gamble
Jobs in Indian Defence Sector
As an engineering graduate, you have opportunities available in all three wings of Indian defence. The army, navy and air force all look for technical professionals who can support them in the field. Engineers are mainly recruited in Army to the Corps of Electronics, Corps of Engineers and Mechanical Engineers, and Corps of Signals. The ways to enter these are Technical Graduate Course (TGC), University Entry Scheme (UES) and Short Service Commission (SSC) Entrance Test. In the air force, you can get into the technical squad or the ground squad depending on the skills you have. You have to attend Air Force Common Admission Test (AFCAT) Entry scheme to get into the air force. Similarly, the navy recruits engineers via Special Naval Architects Entry Scheme (SNAES) Entry scheme.
Civil service is always a prestigious career for an engineering graduate. They offer three optional for engineers: civil, mechanical, and electrical engineering. The selection is divided into three sections. They are as follows.
- Stage I: Preliminary Examination (Objective Type Papers)
- Stage II: Main Examination (Descriptive Type Papers)
- Stage III: Personality Test
Engineering graduates can use freelancing as their main income source or as a side hustle to their main job.
Many engineers are choosing to be Entrepreneurs rather than working for another company. What they have to do is pick a problem, find a solution and then find ways to market and monetize it. There are many resources for new entrepreneurs. You can get a head-start for your company by joining a start-up incubator like AngelPrime and CIIE IIMA. The path of entrepreneurship requires a lot of patience and hard work to reach success.
There are recruitment exams conducted by various departments of the government of India as well as state PSCs. They have many benefits including leaves, allowances and job security. Some of the important government recruitment exams open for engineering graduates are listed below.
- UPSC NDA
- UPSC CDS
- ISRO Recruitment Exam
- RBI Assistant
- RBI Grade B officer
- IBPS clerk
- IBPS PO
- IBPS SO
- SBI Clerk
- SBI PO
- LIC AAO
- LIC ADO
- SSC CGL
- SSC CHSL
- SSC GD
- SSC CPO
- SSC JE
- SSC MTS
- SSC Scientific assistant
Work Integrated Learning Programs
There is a third option other than higher studies and finding a job known as Work Integrated Learning Program is a combination of higher studies and jobs. This type of M Tech program is approved for working professionals as here you can pursue an online degree while continuing working in a job.
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The paragraphs above have done a decent job of describing the Career Options after Engineering and if you are in doubt even after reading this article, then it is better to meet a career guidance councellor before making a final decision.
Career Options after Engineering FAQs
1. Can B. Tech Graduates pursue management courses?
Yes. B. Tech Graduates can join and study MBA
2. What is AngelPrime?
AngelPrime is a start-up incubator.
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