Working for the government is a dream come for many because of the benefits associated with it. The pay, the allowances, job security, retirement benefits etc. are some of those. It is also a great way to serve the community. The increasing number of applicants for civil service exams every year is a proof of the massive upsurge in the popularity of this career.
Civil servants are employees who work for the government at the state, local and federal levels to provide services for the public. They help in implementing government and developmental policies, keeping law and order, and act as a link between the masses and the government. Those aspiring to be a civil servants should meet the eligibility criteria set by the government. These criteria will differ depending upon the nature of the job. Most of the posts require aspirants to pass an examination. These exams too vary depending upon the job. Some have only one exam whereas some others will include preliminary and mains.
There are three kinds of exams: competitive, continuous, and those only for existing government employees. These exams are conducted to shortlist the most eligible candidate. It helps to gauge the applicant’s aptitude for the position. Competitive exams are used for positions that open periodically. Continuous exams are issued for positions that are always in need of people. It is to gauge the applicant’s aptitude for the position. The exam for the existing employees allow them to compete with others based on their experience, education and test score.
Civil Service Jobs
Civil service jobs are available for every career path. Some posts require a mere high school completion whereas some others require highly qualified professionals. Civil service jobs are highly coveted but one needs to understand that there are drawbacks too. The Civil Services examination is one of the most prestigious examinations in India. It is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The three types of services recruited through the Civil Services Examination are All India Services, Central Services, and State Services. All the posts in civil service start in the level 10 in pay matrix and their pay band is between Rs. 56,100 – Rs. 1,77,500.
How to Prepare for Civil Service Jobs
- As in any career path, it is essential to analyze one’s dreams, goals, strength and weaknesses. You should also be aware of the pros and cons of civil service jobs.
- Do a research of the field you would like to apply depending on your area of interest. Browse the official websites to research the general requirements for employment, as well as specific requirements for each department. Select an appropriate course of study. In most cases, any bachelors’ degree is sufficient. Law, marketing, business, accounting, information technology and other common education credentials will qualify you for many different roles as a civil servant. Many aspirants like to take up Humanities in school as well as in college, since the pattern of the exam is based on subjects such as Indian Polity, Constitution, Geography, World News, History, etc.
- Applicants must be a minimum 21 years of age and maximum 32 years of age on the date of the examination. Age relaxations are applicable based on certain categories.
- Civil Service exams are highly competitive and require a great deal of preparation. Preparation varies depending upon the nature of the exam as different posts require different set of skills. Look for print and online practice guides to help you prepare. Community colleges and test prep centres offer courses to help you pass the required tests.
- You will be asked for documentation during various stages of the application, interview and hiring process. Get all your important paperwork together ahead of time, including identification documents, proof of residence, name change records, academic transcripts, previous employment details and references. Some departments may conduct criminal history check.
- Once you’ve found a job you’re interested in, submit your application. The applications will take you through several steps, and might include procedures to upload your identification documents, CV and other materials. Fill in each section carefully and recheck to make sure that you haven’t made errors or overlooked anything.
- If you wish to target a particular service, know what is the minimum rank you must get to reach your goal.
- Most of the jobs will have interviews scheduled for shortlisted candidates. Be prepared for specific job-related questions along with many of the standard interview queries about your background and work experience. Attempt mock interviews with a friend or family member to gain confidence and to prepare answers.
Advantages of Being a Civil Servant
- A government job gives a sense of job security as it is a relatively stable one. These jobs are never out of market as the government has to continuously provide services to the public. Layoffs are not common and new employees are always in demand as older employees retire.
- Government employees enjoy a wide range of benefits in term of allowances, health care, retirement, holidays etc.
- Civil servants have better work life balance opportunities.
- Some positions have paid training that will help you perform your job better and also make you more valuable as an employee which could lead to more responsibility and higher pay.
Disadvantages of Being a Civil Servant
Even though civil service jobs are highly beneficial, it comes with it’s share of drawbacks too. Let us have a look at some of the cons of this field.
- Salary is usually lower when compared to private organizations.
- Complicated bureaucracy and politics can make the job difficult and frustrating at times.
- Career growth will be relatively slower.
Posts in Civil Service
All India Civil Services
- Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
- Indian Police Service (IPS)
- Indian Forest Service (IFoS)
Group ‘A’ Civil Services
- Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
- Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAAS)
- Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)
- Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)
- Indian Defence Accounts Service (IDAS)
- Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)
- Indian Information Service (IIS)
- Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)
- Indian Communication Finance Services (ICFS)
- Indian Postal Service (IPoS)
- Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)
- Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)
- Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)
- Indian Revenue Service (IRS)
- Indian Trade Service (ITS)
- Railway Protection Force (RPF)
Group ‘B’ Civil Services
- Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service
- Pondicherry Civil Service
- Pondicherry Police Service
A career in civil service is something that brings lots of authority, power, respect and popularity. I helps in contributing to the society. Civil Services is the most coveted among career options in India and are highly competitive, hence it is imperative to prepare thoroughly and to pay attention to every step of the process. Do your share and work towards achieving your dream career!
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