We have heroes around us. But how much significance do they really have? When their stories ought to be shared, they are kept private behind rugs or behind doors. These individuals risked their lives to save others without the public being aware of it. They are unsung heroes.
Behind the 15th August 1947 celebration of independence, there is a violent and chaotic past filled with ferocious uprisings, conflicts, and movements led by thousands of courageous Indian freedom fighters. All of these Indian freedom heroes battled, struggled, and often gave their lives to free India from British tyranny.
About Indian Freedom Struggle
The late nineteenth century saw the emergence of Indian nationalism. The 1857 uprising served as the formal inception of the struggle for independence from the oppressive colonial rule of the British empire. There were other titles for the 1857 insurrection, including the Sepoy Mutiny and India’s First War of Independence. Despite its mutinous beginnings, the 1857 uprising quickly extended throughout the nation in an effort to topple the foreign hegemony. Despite the failure of the 1857 uprising, it ignited a flame of independence that eventually gave rise to a number of Indian national movements with the ultimate aim of ending British rule in India.
Overview of the Indian Freedom Movements
- Revolt of 1857: Sepoy Mutiny began in Meerut, and spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur and Lucknow
- Swadeshi movement: Partition of Bengal by Lord Curzon
- Gadar Movement: Komagata Maru incident
- Home Rule Movement: launched by Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Annie Besant
- Champaran Satyagraha: First non-violent protest in India by Mahatama Gandhi
- Rowlatt Satyagraha
- Khilafat and Non-cooperation Movement: First Mass Movement led by Gandhi
- Civil Disobedience Movement: launched to break the Salt law
- Individual Satyagraha: Launched against the August Offer, 1940.
- Quit India Movement: Gandhi launched his third major movement against British rule.
Names of the Unsung Heroes of India
- Matangini Hazra – Both the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Quit India Movement included Matangini Hazra. In one of the processions, she was shot three times. She still continued to walk while carrying the Indian Flag. She repeatedly yelled “Vande Mataram.”
Master Da’ Surya Sen – In Bengal, his revolution inspired a number of freedom warriors. He led the Chittagong Armory Raid, also known as the “Chittagong Uprising,” and he was accompanied by 64 other insurgents. In the course of the raid, they took control of the city and raised the Gandhi Raj flag. Later, he was kidnapped, tortured horribly, and hanged.
- Ashfaqulla Khan – One of the major organisers of the Kakori Conspiracy was Ashfaqulla Khan (Kakori Kand). On August 9, 1925, he and other revolutionaries, including Chandrashekhar Azad and Ram Prasad Bismil, robbed a train carrying money from the British government at Kakori, Uttar Pradesh. He managed to get away from the cops, but his friend afterwards turned on him. The execution date was December 19, 1927.
- Ram Prasad Bismil – Another revolutionary who contributed to the Kakori Kand’s effective execution on August 9, 1925 was Ram Prasad Bismil. Sadly, he was detained on September 26, 2019, in the early hours. On December 19, 1927, he was hanged alongside Ashfaqulah Khan. Ram Prasad Bismil published and distributed numerous publications during his life in order to disseminate revolutionary ideas. In order to inspire people to struggle for independence, he authored numerous patriotic poetry in both Hindi and Urdu. Children are taught about his last letter to his mother before being hanged in numerous classrooms.
- Kanaklata Barua – Kanaklata Barua, also known as Birbala, took part in the 1942 Quit India Movement. She led the women volunteers who were trying to raise the national flag at the Gohpur Police Station, which was dominated by the British. She gave her life up at the age of 18 after being gunned down by the police.
- Shivaram Rajguru – Along with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev, Shivaram Rajguru was also put to death for the murder of British police officer J.P. Saunders. He gave his life at the age of 22 because he believed that ferocity was significantly more effective than peaceful methods.
- Udham Singh – A revolutionary who belonged to the Gadhar Party was Udham Singh. He murdered Michael O’Dwyer in London as retaliation for the 1919 Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar. He used the detained Ram Mohammad Singh Azad’s name to symbolise the three major Punjabi religions. He was hung in July 1940. He is sometimes known as Shaheed-i-Azam Sardar Udham Singh.
The list of the unsung heroes of India is unending.
Articles on Unsung Heroes of India
On August 15th of each year, Indians commemorate their independence. It is because this day, which is significant in India’s history, marks the nation’s acquisition of independence in the year 1947. The purpose of this day of remembrance is to honour all of the heroic national liberation warriors who sacrificed their lives to free India from British domination. Since we are all aware that the nation’s valiant liberation warriors were the reason we are able to enjoy our independence today, we should cherish it.
For the last 75 years, we have been commemorating our independence day, and in 2022, we will be doing it for the 76th time. Do you believe that a few prominent leaders’ and freedom fighters’ efforts alone could have brought about independence? The nation’s unsung heroes as well as numerous great freedom fighters’ bravery and sacrifice led to this independence. Every year on July 4, we rejoice in our independence and remember all the valiant freedom warriors who gave their lives so that we might live in a free country.
Since the Indian liberation struggle demanded so many sacrifices, hardships, and problems, it was not an easy undertaking. The numerous sacrifices that these heroes had to make for their cause are still mostly unknown. A number of men and women gave their lives to secure India’s freedom; we must never forget them and show respect for their sacrifices.