Table of Contents
India is a federation made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. The State foundation day is celebrated to mark the formation of a state/union territory. State functions, parades, cultural events and also state award ceremonies are held in various states and union territories on their respective foundation day.
During the rule of Britishers, India comprised provinces, which were directly under the rule of the British government and the princely states which were controlled by the local kings. After the independence of India in 1947, it was a great task for the newly formed government to integrate all the princely states into the Indian federation. Between the years 1947 and 1950, all the princely states were integrated within the Indian Union. Many of the former princely states were either made new states or were attached with existing provinces of the country.
States and its Foundation Days
|State||Foundation day||Date||Year||Before foundation||Reason||Capital||Official anguage|
|Andhra Pradesh||Andhra Pradesh Day||01 Nov.||1956||Part of Andhra State and Hyderabad State||Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.||Amaravati, Hyderabad||Telugu|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Arunachal Pradesh Day||20 February||1987||Arunachal Pradesh Union Territory||Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Arunachal Pradesh Act, 1986||Itanagar||ENglish|
|Assam||Assam Day||2 December||1928||Part of Kamarupa Kingdom||Founded as Ahom Kingdom, reorganized as North-East Frontier Province in 1874, Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1905, Assam Province in 1912, achieved statehood in 1950.||Dispur||Assamese|
|Bihar||Bihar Day||22 March||1912||Part of Bengal Province, British India||Founded as Bihar and Orissa Province, reorganized as Bihar Province in 1936, achieved statehood in 1950.||Patna||Hindi, Urdu|
|Chhattisgarh||Chhattisgarh Day||1 November||2000||Part of Madhya Pradesh||Founded by the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000.||Naya Raipur||Hindi|
|Goa||Goa Day||30 May||1987||Part of Goa, Daman and Diu||Founded by the State of Goa Act, 1986.||Panaji||Konkani, Marathi|
|Gujarat||Gujarat Day||1 May||1960||Part of Bombay State||Founded by the Bombay Reorganisation Act, 1960.||Ghandhinagar||Gujarati|
|Haryana||Haryana Day||1 November||1966||Part of East Punjab||Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.||Chandigarh||Hindi, Punjabi|
|Himachal Pradesh||Himachal Pradesh Day||15 April||1948||Part of the princely states of former Punjab States Agency||Founded by the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 as Himachal Pradesh Province, reorganised as Himachal Pradesh (Part C State) in 1950, Himachal Pradesh Union Territory in 1956, achieved statehood in 1971.||Shimla||Hindi, English|
|Jharkhand||Jharkhand Day||15 November||2000||Part of Bihar||Founded by the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000.||Ranchi||Hindi, Urdu|
|Karnataka||Karnataka Rajyotsava||1 November||1956||Part of Bombay State, Coorg State, Hyderabad State and Mysore State||Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Mysore State, renamed Karnataka in 1973.||Bangalore||Kannada|
|Kerala||Kerala Day||Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin||Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.||Thiruvananthapuram||Malayalam|
|Madhya Pradesh||Madhya Pradesh Day||1956||Part of the Central Provinces and Berar, Princely State of Makrai and the princely states of former Eastern States Agency.||Achieved statehood in 1950.||Bhopal||Hindi|
|Maharashtra||Maharashtra Day||1 May||1960||Part of Bombay State||Founded by the Bombay Reorganization Act, 1960.||Mumbai||Marathi|
|Manipur||Manipur Day||21 January||1972||Manipur Union Territory||Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.||Imphal||Meiti, English|
|Meghalaya||Meghalaya Day||Part of Assam||Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.||Shillong||English, Khasi|
|Mizoram||Mizoram Day||20 February||1987||Mizoram Union Territory||Created as a Union Territory by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971. Converted to a state by the State of Mizoram Act, 1986.||Aizwal||English, Hindi, Mizo|
|Nagaland||Nagaland Day||1 December||1963||Nagaland Union Territory||Founded by the State of Nagaland Act, 1962.||Kohima||English|
|Odisha||Odisha Day||1 April||1936||Part of Bihar and Orissa Province, British India||Founded as Orissa Province in 1936, achieved statehood in 1950, renamed Odisha on 1st November, 2011.||Bhubaneswar||Odia|
|Punjab||Punjab Day||1 November||1966||Part of East Punjab||Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.||Chandigarh||Punjabi|
|Rajasthan||Rajasthan Day||30 March||1949||Part of the princely states of former Rajputana Agency||Achieved Statehood in 1950.||Jaipur||Hindi, English|
|Sikkim||Sikkim Day||16 May||1975||Kingdom of Sikkim||Founded by the Thirty-sixth Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1975.||Gangtok||English, Bhutia, Gurung, Lepcha, Limbu, Manggar, Mukhia, Newari, Rai, Sherpa, Tamang|
|Tamil Nadu||Tamil Nadu Day||1 November||1956||Part of Madras State and Travancore-Cochin||Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956 as Madras State, renamed Tamil Nadu in 1969.||Chennai||Tamil, English|
|Telangana||Telangana Day||2 June||2014||Part of Andhra Pradesh||Founded by the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014.||Hyderabad||Telugu, Urdu|
|Tripura||Tripura Day||21 January||1972||Tripura Union Territory||Founded by the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act, 1971.||Agartala||Bengali, Kokborok, English|
|Uttar Pradesh||Uttar Pradesh Day||24 January||1950||United Provinces||Achieved statehood in 1950.||Lucknow||Hindi, Urdu|
|Uttarakhand||Uttarakhand Day||9 November||2000||Part of Uttar Pradesh||Founded by the Uttar Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2000 as Uttaranchal, renamed Uttarakhand in 2007.||Dehradun||Hindi, Sanskrit|
|West Bengal||West Bengal Day||20 June||1947||Part of Bengal Province, British India||Achieved statehood in 1950.||Kolkata||Bengali, Nepali, Hindi, Urdu, Santali, Odia and Punjabi|
Union Territories and its Foundation Days
|Union territory||Foundation day||Date||Year||Before foundation||Reason||Capital||Official Languages|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Andaman and Nicobar Day||1 November||1956||Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Part D State)||Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.||Port Blair||Hindi, English|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh Day||1966||Part of East Punjab||Founded by the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966.||Chandigarh||English|
|Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Day||26 January||2020||Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu||Founded by the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Act, 2019.||Silvassa, Daman||Gujarathi, Hindi, English, Konkani|
|Delhi||Delhi Day||1 November||1956||Delhi (Part C State)||Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.||New Delhi||Hindi, Punjabi,Urdu|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Jammu and Kashmir Day||31 October||2019||Part of Jammu and Kashmir State||Founded by the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019.||Srinagar||Urdu|
|Lakshadweep||Lakshadweep Day||1 November||1956||Part of Madras State||Founded by the States Reorganisation Act, 1956.||Kavaratti||English, Hindi|
|Puducherry||Jour de la libération||1954||Pondichéry, French India||Achieved union territory status in 1962, renamed Puducherry in 2007.||Pondicherry||English, Malayalam, Telugu, Tamil|
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