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March 4 is celebrated as National Security Day or Rashtriya Suraksha Diwas to appreciate the work of security forces, who play a major role in maintaining the peace and security of the people in India. This day is to show gratitude to all the security forces including policemen, para-military forces, commandos, guards, army officers, and other persons involved in security, who sacrifice their life and sleep so that the people of India could sleep peacefully without fear.
What is National Security?
National Defense or National Security is a Nation’s security and defense of a nation or country. It includes the security of its citizens, institutions and economic security of a Nation. Chiefly, National Security falls under the duties of the Government.
Traditionally national security conceived as protection against military attack, now includes other non-military dimensions, like the security from terrorism, economic security, the security of energy, environmental security, minimization of crime, food security, cyber-security, etc. Similarly, national security risks not only include other nation-states but also action by violent non-state actors, by narcotic cartels, and by multinational corporations. The effects of natural disasters also come under national security.
Why 4th March?
National security day is widely observed on the 4th of March because on this day National Security Council (NSC) of India was established.
NSC or National Security Council is a non-profit making, ternate body which has been founded to teach and influence society to adopt appropriate policies, practices, and procedures for preventing and minimizing human suffering and economic loss arising from every form of accidents and disasters.
Security has become one of the vital parts of India, as India is a large country and second-most populous country after China. India is rich in various heritages, languages and religions i.e. it is a nation where you’ll find followers of various religions. It belongs to the people of various religions like Hindu, Muslim, Parsis, Jains, Sikh, Christians, etc. Along with different religions, it also consists of assorted numbers of celebrations and festivals. To safeguard the nation especially in festivals or events time all the protection forces are always there on their duty to protect people against various unwanted events. National Security Day is celebrated to appreciate the work of security forces like police, commandos and other security forces.
Aims of National Security Day
- Promote security forces who are working continuously for the nation.
- Remind the people about their personal duties towards the country.
- Most importantly, to pay homage to the jawans who died while saving the country.
Types of National Security
- Political Security
- Economic Security
- Ecological Security
- Security of energy and natural resources
- Computer security
- Infrastructure security
Importance of National Security Day
- National Security Day is dedicated to all the forces that work for the security of the country.
- India stands the third-largest military force in the world. Indian force has a strength of over 1.3 million active personnel.
- For the year 2017- 2018, India’s defense budget is Rs.2.74 lakh crore.
- The National Security Council (NSC), is the chief agency that is concerned with the country’s political, economic, energy and strategic security.
- Ajit Kumar Dovel, the National Security Advisor of India, is the Chief Executive of NSC and Primary Advisor, to the Prime Minister on issues related to National Security.
- Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and Intelligence Bureau (IB) reports to the National Security Advisor.
- India is a Nation where you find followers of various religions. In particular, India belongs to the people of following any religion, Hindu, Muslim, Sikh, Christians, and others.
- National Security Day is celebrated to remind each and every person about their personal responsibilities towards the Nation.
- Also, this day is the day of those jawans who died while saving the country for Nation security and peace.
National Security Day – March 4, key facts and all that the security forces have done and are doing to keep us safe:
- India’s defense budget for 2019-20 is Rs.3, 38, 569 crores which is almost 31% of the government’s total capital expenditure.
- ‘Operation Rahat’, during Uttarakhand floods, was one of the world’s biggest civilian rescue operations in 2013.
- National Security Council (NSC), the agency that looks into the country’s political, economic, energy and strategic security concerns, was established by the then Prime Minister, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, on November 19, 1998