Gmail is an email service provider by software tech giant google. It is provided as a website as well as a mobile application. Launched in 2004, Gmail provided 1 gigabyte of space for its users which is much higher than its competitors. Today Gmail provides 15 Gigabyte storage for its users. Gmail provides services to send or receive an email with or without attachments (Documents, images, videos, etc). A user can send a mail with a maximum size of 25 megabytes including attachments while the user can receive a single mail up to 50 megabytes in size. If the user wants to send a file of size more than 25 megabytes, Gmail will automatically add a google drive link to the mail which leads to access the file.
Features of Gmail
Gmail is free-to-use software that can be accessed by users having a google account. Data shows that there are 1.5 billion active users are using Gmail. This data was published in 2019. So the user’s data will be much bigger than that. The users are attracted to Gmail because of its features of it. Let us look at the key features of Gmail.
- Storage Capacity
At the starting stage, Gmail only provided 1 gigabyte of storage to its users. It was back in 2004. The fact is that this storage was much bigger than that provided by the competitors at that time. Gradually Gmail raised the storage for users. Now Gmail is providing 15 gigabytes of storage to its users.
- User Interface
Gmail always provides a better user interface to the users. Started with a simple user interface, it now categorized mails for the convenience of users to find them easily. There will be a primary inbox where all important messages will appear. And there are categories like social, Promotions, Updates, and Forums. It is easy for the user to find out specific emails.
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- Easy to filter spam
For every mail user, spam messages are headaches. There will be a lot of spam messages appearing in the inbox and users find it irritating. Gmail now gives you the facility to filter spam messages. It automatically finds out spam messages and filters them. These messages will not show in the inbox. Those are moved to the Spam folder.
- Multiple Language Support
Another key feature of Gmail is the support of multiple languages. According to the data released in 2015 Gmail supports 72 languages which include so many languages in India. Users who are comfortable with their mother tongue find it easy to use Gmail.
- Providing Gmail Labs
Gmail Labs is a feature provided to users to test new features of Gmail. For example, if Gmail introduces a new feature for including “with regards- name” automatically to all emails sent, the users can test this feature and can give feedback about this feature. The developers or tech team at Gmail closely monitor this and make changes if needed.
Programming Language to Implement Gmail
Java is used for developing an email application that is big and all-inclusive. Java is easy to deal with and it offers a huge library. Gmail can use this huge library to improve its performance and to add new features. Java offers web-based email and mobile applications which is the key requirement of Gmail. The advantage of Java is its inbuilt functions give Gmail to easily handle the huge tasks to search, storage, loading and it helps to reduce the efforts.
Python is a little bit similar to Java in its uses. In addition to web development, Python offers machine learning and Artificial Intelligence development. An email like Gmail needs a lot of features, some will be fancy but it is needed. As a beginner developer in Gmail, it is better to use Python for developing new features. Like Java, the inbuilt functions and resource-rich library enable the developer to handle Gmail easily.
Another server-side programming language that is used to implement Gmail is C++. C++ is the subset of the C language which is having similar features of the same. And another added advantage is it is more like Java. C++ is a strong language with not-so-bad libraries and built-in functions. The main advantage is that it is used for general purposes. So as a developer it is easy to use C++ to implement new features for Gmail.
From the client-side, the best needed is user experience. For a better user experience, HTML is the option. For Gmail, it needed responsive design support and accessibility of easy-to-use editors. As a client-side language, HTML gives both these features and thus it gains more importance from the client-side.
For Gmail implementation, it needed so many built-in functions and provide so many features. Gmail-like software continuously strives to fulfill user needs and provide hassle-free services. For this purpose, they choose only the best and most suited languages for implementation.
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