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Chabahar port and Indian diplomacy. Hope you might have heard of this headline throughout any world news page in a newspaper in recent years. The Chabahar project cooperated with India on Iran, is strategically an important one for India due to many reasons. For a person who is very new to the world of international relations may get confused reading the news and updates about the international events. For them, Entri is breaking down the Chabahar project to its explained version. What is the significance of Chabahar port in the international scenario as well as for the Indian scenario will be discussed through the blog titled Why is Chabahar Port Important for India? Geopolitical Significance. Let us look at everything about the Chabahar port.
What is Chabahar Port- General Overview.
Chabahar port is a port that is situated in the country of Republic of Iran which is a country in the western Asia. The Chabahar port consists of two ports mainly and those are, Shaheed Kalantari and Shaheed Beheshti Port. These ports are situated in the Gulf of Oman. These are the only ports, which have direct access to the ocean. India and Iran shared a great neighborhood before the partition of India. After the partition of India, Iran has been a far country for neighborhood relations due to the presence of Pakistan. The relation between India and Iran on Chabahar port started in the year of 2002. But due to geopolitical reasons India could not establish an agreement and relation with Iran on Chabahar Port. In 2016, India came to an agreement to develop and renovate the Chabahar Port and build a cargo facility there. India Port Global Limited (IPGL) will be building the port on behalf of India.
What is the Geopolitical Significance of Chabahar Port for India.
Bypass Pakistan for Central Asia Connectivity
Even though the Indian endeavors for having an agreement and involvement for cooperation for building the Chabahar port has been started earlier before the India Look North Policy, it can be seen as part of India look north Policy. India Look North Policy is an Indian comprehensive policy to connect central Asia through economic, diplomatic, and infrastructure connections. India Look North Policy. The Chabahar Port is situated in Iran having direct access to the Gulf of Oman. Through this port way the relations and transit can be done by bypassing Pakistan. This is a very strategic importance for central Asia without any interference or blockades from Pakistan.
Boosting India’s Access to INSTC.
INSTC stands for the International North South Transport Corridor which is a comprehensive transit mechanism consisting of rail, roads and maritime ways. The INSTC acts as an initiative of India to reduce the time taken for EXIM (exports and imports) connectivity between India, Iran, Russia, Europe Central Asia.
Better Economic Benefits
The Chabahar port will act as a better economic benefit to India. Iran and other countries in the coast of the Gulf of Oman are some countries which are the supplier of the Oil and other commodities to India. The oil hectic price can be reduced if there is shorter maritime connectivity through Chabahar Port. This will affect the entire economic outlook of India.
Better Defend to China’s One Belt One Road (OBOR) Policy
China is initiating one belt one road policy across the world to enhance the connectivity towards the world. China’s One Belt One Road Policy is also considered as a threat to so many countries, as China can deploy their military to various part in the name of protection of the infrastructure. This is a growing strategic threat to so many countries including India. China being a permanent member of UNSC is hindering India’s initiative towards better world connectivity through international relations. This Port connection can be seen as a counter part to the China OBOR policy.
The Chabahar port has been a great hope and tension at the same time. The port is building India’s economic, political and strategic hope for the future. The variable relations of India and Iran is being a challenge to the Chabahar port building. The isolation of Iran by other countries and constant sanctions imposed upon Iran by many countries including the USA on the Tehran (Nuclear Policy) issue is also a challenge to the Chabahar port development. Amidst all challenges, India is carrying forward the initiative of connecting central Asia through Chabahar. As a competitive exam aspirant, you need to focus on the basic overview, facts and developments on the major international development Chabahar Port. Enroll Entri for more general awareness on international topics. Keep studying, Keep winning!