Coding is the process of using a programming language to get a computer to behave how you want it to. For example, in Python, every line of code tells the computer to do something, and a document full of lines of code is called a script. Each script is designed to carry out a particular job.
Keep reading to know about the list of coding terms!
Here is some popular coding terminology for beginners that you should know:
An algorithm is a set of instructions that are followed to solve a problem. It is a computer’s thought process. To understand this better, here is an example – A recipe is a good example of an algorithm because it says what must be done, step by step. It takes inputs that is, ingredients and produces an output which is a whole completed dish.
An argument is a way to provide more information to a function. The function can then use that information as it runs, like a variable (For more info on variables, see below.)
Arrays are containers that hold variables; they’re used to group together similar variables. You can think of arrays like shelves at a pet store. The array would be the shelf, and the animals in cages are the variables inside.
Arithmetic operators are essential in almost every application, especially in games. If a game character earns experience, it needs to be added to the total earned. If an arrow hits an enemy, the damage the enemy takes needs to be calculated.
Assignment operators (+=, -=, *=, /=) are operators that combine variable assignments (=) with arithmetic operators. They serve as a shortcut when coders have to perform an operation that changes the value of a variable. If a rock falls on a game player’s head, health needs to be subtracted from their total, and so on.
A binary number is a computer’s way to represent information. Computers process millions of 1’s and 0’s a minute using different rules to interpret them as numbers, letters, operators, and everything else put into a computer.
You will also get a coding terminology pdf to know more about such terms!
Conditional statements evaluate as true or false. Use them to print information or move programs forward in different situations.
Else statements are used to do something else when the condition in the if statement isn’t true.
For loops allow you to run a block of code repeatedly, just like while loops. However, for loops run a block of code a set number of times.
Knowing coding terms for beginners is a crucial part of programming!
A variable is a container that holds a single number, word, or other information that you can use throughout a program. A variable is like a chest you can fill with different values. You name the chests so you can find them later. Variables have three parts: type, name, and value.
Once a variable is declared, a variable type is specified. Basic variable types include string (words and phrases), char (short for “character;” a single letter or symbol you can type), int (short for “integer;” for whole numbers), double or float (for decimal numbers), and bool (short for “boolean;” for true or false values).
While loops are set up just like if statements. They check for a condition and run the code in them until the condition is no longer true. A while loop will run forever (until the condition is false).
In short, we can say that it is used for communicating with computers. People use coding to give computers and other machines instructions on what actions to perform. Further, we use it to program the websites, apps, and other technologies we interact with every day.
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