Table of Contents
Mining is a general term used for the extraction of valuable minerals and ores from the Earth. The mining can also result in the extraction of geographical material from ore, reef, lode etc. Read more to explore the name of mines, list of coal mines in India, diamond mine in India as well as all about the largest mine in India
What is Mining?
The metals, coals, limestone, chalk, dimension stone, rock salt, oil shale, gemstones, potash, gravel, clay can be mined out from the earth. The minerals obtained after mining cannot be produced by any other methods. Mining can be defined as the extraction of non-renewable resources. Those non-renewable resources include petroleum, natural gas etc. The process of mining usually includes the method of prospecting for the ore, the systematic analysis of the profit potential of each mine, extraction of the ore and reclamation of the land after the process of mining.
Mining can result in an environmental crisis. It can affect geography negatively. The nations are very keen on reducing the impact of mining. The profit attained through mining is unimaginable. In short, countries are generally interested in mining. The mining have its hands upon the economic value. The act of mining can increase the profit of the miners. It is an asset to the economic value of every country.
List of Mines in India 2021
Diamond Mine in India
National Mineral Development Corporation is the sole owner of Diamond mines in India. The below-given table can help you to identify the prestigious diamond mines in India
|Kollur Mine||Andhra Pradesh|
|Bunder Project||Madhya Pradesh|
Gold Mine in India
|Hatti Gold Mines||Karnataka|
|Kolar Gold Fields||Karnataka|
|Sonbhadra Mine||Uttar Pradesh|
|Lava Gold Mines||Jharkhand|
The table below shows the list of manganese mines in India
|Nagpur and Bhandara||Maharashtra|
Copper Mine in India
Here is the list of Iron ore mines in India
|Pathikonda Iron Ore Mines||Karnataka|
|Bailadila iron ore||Chhattisgarh|
|Alampara Iron Ore Mines||Kerala|
|Iyli Gurunath Iron Ore Mines||Karnataka|
Uranium Mine in India
|Turamdih Uranium mine||Jharkhand|
|Narwapahar Mine||Narwapahar Mine|
|Tummalapalle uranium mine||Andhra Pradesh|
List of Coal Mines in India
|Birbhum Coalfield||West Bengal|
|Raniganj Coalfield||West Bengal|
Petroleum Mines/ Mineral Oil Mines
|Godavari districts||Andhra Pradesh|
Bauxite Mines in India
|Katni, Amarkantak||Madhya Pradesh|
|Bilaspur & Maikal Hills||Chhattisgarh|
Ministry of Mining
Do you know who is regulating the mining in the country? It is non-other than the ministry of mines. The ministry of mines is the official authority to survey and explore the mines and minerals, along with, petroleum and atomic minerals natural gases. They are also responsible for identifying various metals like copper, zinc, lead, gold, aluminum, nickel, etc. The ministry of mines is the official authority that handles the mining sector.
Largest Mine in India 2021
Mining in India is regarded as one of the major economic sources for the growth of the country. Mining in India can create a significant impact on the economics of India. The mining industry offers a GDP ranging from 2.2% to 2.5%. The overall GDP contributed by the mines to the Indian economy ranging between 10% to 11%. Small-scale mining can contribute 6%to the entire mineral production. Around 700,000 individuals are working in the mines. The mining industry contributes to the increase in job opportunities.
According to the survey conducted in the mining industry, India is regarded as the largest sheet mica producer whereas in 2015 India ranked fourth in the production of chromite, and bauxite, iron ore, alumina in the world. The estimated money obtained from the Indian metal and mining industry in the year 2010 is$106.4 billion. In the year 2019, India ranked as the fourth-largest producer of iron ore in the world. According to the 2019 survey, India ranked as the fourth-largest producer of chromium and fifth largest producer of bauxite when compared to other nations across the world. India has also occupied the topmost position in the world:
- 7th largest producer of manganese
- 7th largest producer of lead
- 5th largest world producer of zinc
- 7th largest producer of sulfur
- 11th largest world producer of titanium;
- 18th largest world producer of phosphate
- 16th largest world producer of gypsum
- 5th largest world producer of graphite
- 3rd largest world producer of salt
List of Mines and Geographical Distribution
Here is the list of mines and the geographical distribution.
|Karnataka plateau and Tamil Nadu.
|Southern Belt||Ferrous minerals and bauxite.|
|Rajasthan and Gujarat||North Western Belt||uranium, mica, beryllium, aquamarine, petroleum, gypsum and emerald|
|Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra||. Central Belt||Manganese, bauxite, uranium, limestone, marble, coal, gems, mica, graphite|
|Karnataka and Goa.||South Western Belt||Iron ore, garnet and clay.|
|Chota Nagpur plateau and the Orissa plateau||North Eastern Peninsular Belt||Coal, iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, copper, kyanite, chromite, beryl, apatite|
Production of Mines
If you are interested in knowing about the production of mines, you should be aware of the minerals and mineral type. Given below is the table that can help you to analyze a particular mineral type.
|Manganese Ore||Metallic mineral|
|Iron ore||Metallic mineral|
|Coal and lignite||Coal and lignite|