Nobel Prize award was first conferred in 1901. It is based on the fortune of Alfred Nobel who was a chemist, engineer, inventor and entrepreneur. Here’s the list of Laureates who received Nobel Prize in the year 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017 and 2016.Nobel Prize is given at an international level which is administered by the Nobel Foundation in Stockholm, Sweden. It is awarded for outstanding contributions in several categories including chemistry, literature, peace, physics, physiology or medicine and economic sciences. The will of Swedish scientist Alfred Nobel established five Nobel prizes in 1895. The prizes in Chemistry, Literature, Peace, Physics, and Physiology or Medicine were first awarded in 1901.A person or organisation who is awarded the Nobel Prize is known as Nobel Laureate. The word “laureate” refers as a laurel wreath. In ancient Greece, it refers to a sign of honour. In this blog we will discuss about List of Nobel Prize Winners 2020.
List of Nobel Prize Winners 2020
|List of Nobel Prizes Winners 2020|
|Nobel Prize Winners||Field||Contribution|
|Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice||Medicine||Discovered Hepatitis C virus|
|Roger Penrose||Physics||Discovered that black hole formation is a robust prediction of the general theory of relativity|
|Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez||Discovered supermassive compact object at the centre of our galaxy|
|Emmanuelle Charpentier and Jennifer A. Doudna||Chemistry||Discovered the method for genome editing|
|Louise Glück||Literature||For her unmistakable poetic voice that with austere beauty makes individual existence universal|
|World Food Programme (WFP)||Peace||For its efforts to combat hunger, for its contribution to bettering conditions for peace in conflict-affected areas and for acting as a driving force in efforts to prevent the use of hunger as a weapon of war and conflict.|
|Paul R. Milgrom, Robert B. Wilson||Economic Sciences||For improvements to auction theory and inventions of new auction formats.|
|Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2019|
|William G. Kaelin Jr, Sir Peter J. Ratcliffe and Gregg L. Semenza||Physiology or Medicine||Discovered how cells sense and adapt to oxygen availability.|
|James Peebles, Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz||Physics||James Peebles: theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology
Michel Mayor and Didier Queloz discovered an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star.
|John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino||Chemistry||Discovered the development of lithium-ion batteries.|
|Peter Handke||Literature||Discovered an influential work that with linguistic ingenuity has explored the periphery and the specificity of human experience.|
|Abiy Ahmed Ali||Peace||For his efforts to achieve peace and international cooperation, and in particular for his decisive initiative to resolve the border conflict with neighbouring Eritrea.|
|Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo and Michael Kremer||Economic Sciences||For their experimental approach to alleviating global poverty.|
Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2018
James P. Allison (USA), Tasuku Honjo Japan)
|Physiology or Medicine||
Discovered the therapy of cancer by inhibition of negative immune regulation.
Gerard Mourou (France),
Arthur Ashkin (USA),
Donna Strickland (Canada)
For generating groundbreaking tools for beams of light.
George Smith (USA),
Frances Arnold (USA),
Greg Winter (UK)
To develop protein, they have used evolutionary principles that will be helpful in new drugs and medical treatments.
This year no Nobel Prize for Literature
This year no Nobel Prize for Literature
Denis Mukwege (Democratic Republic of the Congo),
Nadia Murad (Germany)
For their tremendous work in helping the victims of sexual violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
William Nordhaus (USA)
For integrating innovation and climate with economic growth.
List of Nobel Prize Winners 2020: Indian Recipients of Ramon Magsaysay Award
Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2017
Barry C. Barish
Kip S. Thorne
|Physics||For constructing Ligo and detection of gravitational waves.|
|Chemistry||For developing cryoelectron microscopy|
|Jeffrey C. Hall
Michael W. Young
|Physiology or Medicine||For generating molecular mechanisms that control the circadian rhythm.|
|Kazuo Ishiguro||Literature||For the novel “The Remains of the Day”.|
|International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICAN)||Peace||To draw attention to the catastrophic humanitarian consequences of any use of nuclear weapons and for a treaty base on prohibition of such weapons.|
|Richard H. Thaler||Economic Sciences||For his great contribution to behavioural economics|
India’s Highest Literary Award (Jnanpith Award): Facts at a Glance
Nobel Prizes and Laureates 2016
J. Michael Kosterlitz
|Physics||For theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter.|
Sir J. Fraser Stoddart
Bernard L. Feringa
|Chemistry||For designing and synthesising molecular machines|
|Yoshinori Ohsumi||Physiology or Medicine||For discovering the mechanisms for autophagy.|
|Bob Dylan||Literature||For creating new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition|
|Juan Manuel Santos||Peace||For his resolute efforts to bring the country’s more than 50-year-long civil war to an end|
|Economic Sciences||For providing contributions to contract theory|
Facts about Nobel Prize
- Nobel Prize in the field of Physics and Chemistry is given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
- The Sveriges Riksbank Prize is given in the field of Economic Sciences.
- Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine is awarded by the Nobel Assembly at the Karolinska Institute.
- In Literature, the Swedish Academy grants the Nobel Prize.
- The Nobel Prize in the field of Peace is awarded by the Norwegian Nobel Committee
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