If you are residing in a state where the executive head is always in conflict with the cabinet head of the state, the newspapers around you will make the names of the chief minister and governor of the state clear and unambiguous to you. If you are politically conscious you might be in search of the names of the chief minister and governor of your and neighboring state. If you are having a good general knowledge or current knowledge the chief minister and governor of all the states in India will be familiar to you. In case you are not falling under any of the above categories and you need to know the names of the chief minister and governor of every state and union territories (if applicable only) for excelling in general knowledge or cracking competitive exams Entri is providing you with the latest updates as of 2022. let us look into the State-wise List of Chief Minister and Governor 2022 through this blog.
Understanding the office of Chief Minister
Before we look into the list of chief ministers and governors of the state we need to understand the office of the chief minister in detail. In the scheme of parliamentary system of government provided by the Indian constitution, the governor is the nominal executive authority (de juro government) and the Chief Minister is the real executive authority (de facto government). The Governor is the head of the state whereas the Chief Minister is the head of the government.
There is no specific provision for the appointment and selection of the Chief minister by the Indian constitution. The constitution by virtue of Article 164 says that the chief minister shall be appointed by the governor. After the assembly election the governor will call the leader of the single party which has attained the majority in the elections. In some cases, nobody achieves the majority then the governor may call the leader of the coalition party to form the government. Sometimes it’s not as easy to find whether a party or coalition has got the majority. Then the government has to prove the majority using the floor test as done in the state of Maharashtra recently.
Understanding the office of the Governor
Before we look into the list of chief ministers and governors of the state, we need to understand the office of the chief minister in detail. In the scheme of parliamentary system of government provided by the Indian constitution, the governor is the nominal executive authority (de juro government) and the Chief Minister is the real executive authority (de facto government). The Governor is the head of the state whereas the Chief Minister is the head of the government.
The governor is neither directly elected by the people nor indirectly elected by a specially constituted electoral college as in the case of the President of India. The governor is appointed by the president of India by warrant under his hand and seal. In practical terms he is the nominee of the central government to the state government executive head. In 1979 the supreme court had held that the governor of a state is not an employment of the central government. The office of the Governor is guaranteed and protected under the constitution of India by virtue of Part VI that is from articles 153 to 167. The governor is entrusted with various powers such as legislative power, executive power, judicial power and financial powers.
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy||Biswabhushan Harichandan|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Pema Khandu||B.D Mishra|
|3||Assam||Himanta Biswa Sarma||Jagdish Mukhi|
|4||Bihar||Nitish Kumar||Phagu Chauhan|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Bhupesh Bhagel||Anusuiya Uikey|
|6||Goa||Pramod Sawant||PS Sreedharan Pillai|
|7||Gujarat||Bhupendrabhai Patel||Acharaya Devvrat|
|8||Haryana||Manohar Lal Khattar||Bandaru Dattatreya|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Jai Ram Thakur||Rajendra Vishwanath Arlekar|
|10||Jharkhand||Hemant Soren||Ramesh Bais|
|11||Karnataka||Sri Basavaraj Bommai||Thawar Chand Gehlot|
|12||Kerala||Pinarayi Vijayan||Arif Mohammed Khan|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||Shivraj Singh Chouhan||Mangubhai Chaganbhai Patel|
|14||Maharashtra||Uddhav Thackeray||Bhagat Singh Koshyari|
|15||Manipur||N. Biren Singh||Shri La. Ganesan|
|16||Meghalaya||Conrad Kongkal Sangma||Satya Pal Malik|
|17||Mizoram||Zoramthanga||Dr. Kambhampati Haribabu|
|18||Nagaland||Neiphiu Rio||Jagdish Mukhi|
|19||Odisha||Naveen Patnaik||Prof. Ganesh Lal Mathur|
|20||Punjab||Bhagwant Mann||Shri Banwarilal Purohit|
|21||Rajasthan||Ashok Gehlot||Kalraj Mishra|
|22||Sikkim||Prem Singh Tamang (PS Golay)||Ganga Prasad|
|23||Tamil Nadu||M.K Stalin||R.N. Ravi|
|24||Telangana||K.Chandrashekhar Rao||Dr. Tamilisai Soundararajan|
|25||Tripura||Biplab Kumar Deb||Satyadev Narayan Arya|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||Yogi Adityanath||Anandiben Patel|
|27||Uttarakhand||Shri Pushkar Singh Dhami||Gurmit Singh|
|28||West Bengal||Mamata Banerjee||Jagdeep Dhankar|
Relationship of Chief Minister with the Governor
The following provisions of the constitution deal with the relationship between the governor and the chief minister.
Article 163: There shall be a council of ministers with the chief ministers as head of the state to advise and aid the governor on the exercise of his functions
Article 164: The chief minister shall be appointed by the governor and other ministers shall be appointed by the governor on recommendation of the chief minister. The ministers shall hold the office during the pleasure of the governor. The council of ministers shall be collectively responsible to the legislative assembly of the state.
Article 167: it shall be the duty of the chief minister to communicate to the governor of the state all decisions of the council of the ministers relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals of the legislation, to furnish such information relating to the administration of the affairs of the state and proposals of the legislation, if the governor so requires the council should submit it for consideration.
We living in a parliamentary democracy need to understand the people who govern us. May be due to the present scenario, even if we select the rulers or ministers by ourselves, we don’t actually be updated about who are the ministers of our state. It is very essential to know at least the list of chief ministers and governors of every state from a competitive exam point of view and the normal prudent man’s general conscious point of view. This list may change in the coming years. But keep in mind with the latest updated list of chief ministers and governors of the state as per 2022. Keep studying, keep winning.