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The United Kingdom is one of the world’s most popular places to work. The UK continues to be a popular destination for immigrants from around the world due to its advanced development, abundance of chances, and high quality of education; but, in order to settle down entirely, you must have a UK work visa for Indians. Everything you need to know about U K work visas, including how to apply, which documents are needed for the application procedure, and which sorts of visas are available, is covered in this article.
Why a UK Work Visa?
- Employees can feel secure and at ease knowing that their employer has been approved by the HMRC and assessed in compliance with the rules regarding the hiring of foreign nationals. We have rated Mauve as Category A.
- Longer working stays are permitted under the sponsorship and visa category; employees may enter the UK on a Tier 2 (General) visa for up to 5 years and 14 days, or for the period specified on your certificate of sponsorship plus one month, whichever is less. If the employee is eligible, they can apply for Indefinite Leave to Remain beyond this point if they would like to stay for an extended period of time.
- Workers with a Tier 2 (General) visa may enter the country up to 14 days prior to the commencement date specified on their sponsorship certificate. This enables employees to settle in before starting their job and maybe take use of some of the destination services that will guarantee a seamless transfer to the UK.
- Under some conditions, the visa allows workers to take up a second employment.
- Volunteering is permitted for those under the Tier 2 visa General category, which is a huge benefit for those employed by our numerous nonprofit customers.
- Not only can people work lawfully in the UK, but they can also pursue local education as long as it doesn’t conflict with their sponsored job. Employees can advance their careers by enrolling in professional development courses at one of the top universities in the UK.
- Once you have obtained sponsorship for a Tier 2 (General) visa, you will no longer need to apply for extra visas when you travel outside and return to the UK.
- With this kind of visa category, the employee can travel with their family, preventing them from feeling as alone and isolated as some expatriate assignees may.
What is a UK work Permit?
The majority of the time, you will require a job offer from a business with a sponsor licence in order to obtain a work visa or work permit for the UK. However, there are certain exceptions to this, as the graduate visa and the high potential person (HPI) visa are discussed below. EU citizens who want to work in the UK after Brexit will also need to apply for a work permit or work visa. To work in the UK, however, EU residents holding Pre-Settled or Settled Status under the EU settlement plan are exempt from the need for a work visa or permission.
Work permits and visas for the UK are available in a number of forms, including the following:
- Skilled worker visa
- Scale up visa
- Temporary worker visa
- Global business mobility visa
- High potential individual visa
- Graduate visa
- Global talent visa
- UK ancestry visa
What Are the Types of Work Visas Issued in the UK?
The following categories of work visas are available to Indians in the UK.
- Tier 1 (General) Visa: Applicants may apply for this variation if they are currently in the UK as long as they have a valid visa and a UK permanent residence permit, which allows them to remain there. They are able to convert their current visa to a Tier 1 (General) visa here.
- Tier 1 (Exceptional Talent) Visa: In order to be considered for this category, candidates must be regarded as globally renowned leaders or as up-and-coming leaders in the fields of science, engineering, digital technology, medicine, and the arts. This kind of visa is also available to applicants who are not citizens of Switzerland or the European Economic Area (EEA). For those who want to invest or launch a business in the UK, there are also options for Tier 1 Investor and Entrepreneur Visas. A job offer is not required for entrepreneurs, highly skilled workers, investors, or graduate students residing outside of the European Union (EU) or the European Economic Area (EEA) to apply for a Tier 1 visa.
- Tier 2 (General) or Skilled Worker Visa: A Tier 2 (General) visa can be applied for by people who are not in the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland, but have obtained a skilled employment in the UK. Applicants need to have a sponsorship certificate from a recognised UK company in order to apply for this work visa. Moreover, candidates need to demonstrate a connection between their work in the UK and that of their sponsoring organisation. To fill the labour shortage in the nation, professionals in sports, skilled labourers, and clergy who are not citizens of the European Economic Area may choose to apply for a visa under Tier 2. According to the immigration administration, people who want to change their field of work must either reapply under the appropriate profession category or complete the required paperwork transfer for their permission.
- Tier 5 Visa: This option is open to anyone who wants to apply for short-term training or experience within the nation. The age range of the applicant must be between 18 and 35. Six sub-tiers make up Tier 5, including those for young people employed in the UK during holidays, religious workers, sports and creative professionals, and charitable organisations.
- Representative of Overseas Business Visa: Those who are the only representative of a foreign firm intending to open a branch office in the UK or a wholly-owned subsidiary for a foreign parent company are eligible to apply. Additionally, applicants for this kind of UK work visa may be staff members of foreign newspapers, news agencies, or broadcasting companies assigned to the UK for an extended period of time. Those who meet any of the two requirements listed above and are not citizens of Switzerland or the European Economic Area (EEA) are eligible for this variation of the UK work visa.
- Domestic Worker in a Private Household Visa: Those who are employed as domestic workers in private households and are not citizens of the European Economic Area (EEA) or Switzerland may be eligible for this type of visa. Additional requirements include proving that the applicant has worked for the current employer for at least a year and that the employer is legally permitted to remain in the UK for the duration of the applicant’s employment contract.
Eligibility Criteria for a UK Work Visa from India?
On January 31, 2020, the United Kingdom left the European Union (EU). Following this, the UK implemented a brand-new, equally-treated points-based immigration system for nationals of the EU and non-EU countries.
To get points, individuals (apart from Irish citizens) must complete specific conditions and pass a point-based system. The person who scores the most points will be granted a visa. Points are given out under this method according to the following criteria:
- You need a verified employment offer.
- You have to be employed by a UK company that the Home Office has authorised.
- Your employer must provide you with a sponsorship certificate detailing the work you will be performing in the UK.
- You need to be employed in a position that is listed as eligible (the list can be found on the UK Government website). You must know the occupation code of your employment to determine its eligibility. You can use the ONS occupation coding tool to look for your job if you don’t know the code.
- The minimal wage required for the kind of work you will perform must be given to you. For the purpose of obtaining a UK skilled worker visa, you need to earn a minimum of £27,000 per year or £10.10 per hour, whichever is higher. You must receive at least the going rate if the going rate for your position is greater than these two.
- You must be able to read, write, speak, and listen in English at a B1 level.
- A total of 70 points must be obtained through the point-based system.
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How to apply for a work visa in the United Kingdom: the process and duration
Once you’ve decided on a work permit or visa, you can typically apply and pay for it online at gov.uk. Generally speaking, you can normally do so three months prior to the start of your job1. Along with your supporting documentation, you will need to present identification.
You may be asked to use the ‘UK Immigration: ID Check’ smartphone app to verify your identification, or you may be told to make an appointment at a visa application centre based on your passport and place of origin. The processing time for applications for work visas from outside the UK is typically three weeks
Requirements for UK Work Permit
The list of requirements varies as well because there are numerous kinds and classifications of work visas available in the UK.
The majority of your workers who have received job offers from your organisation are eligible for Tier 2 long-term visas. The most popular visa for recruiting foreign workers outside of the EEA and Switzerland is the skilled worker visa for the UK.
The employer needs to be a licenced sponsor for the employees in order for them to apply for a UK work visa. Your employee needs this Certificate of Sponsorship in order to apply for a work visa.
The UK work permit document checklist is provided below:
- Application form
- Recent color photographs
- Valid passport
- Signed employment contract
- Certificate of Sponsorship
- Financial documents as proof to cover the cost of living in the UK
- Proof of accommodation
- Detailed travel itinerary
- Certificate of character determining no criminal record against the employee
- Biometric information
- Payment receipt of UK Visa fees
UK Work Visa Application Process
The employer is the first to apply for a work visa in the UK. Therefore, you must first provide the sponsorship certificate and letter.
The points-based assessment makes the procedure longer for your employee. A candidate must receive a minimum amount of points in accordance with each tier’s standards. Every tier has its own set of PBS criteria and assessments.
The following criteria form the basis of the PBS evaluation:
- Future salary expectations
- Sponsorship certificate
- English speaking skills
- Financial means
Therefore, make sure your staff members have the necessary paperwork when they submit the application.
- They can start the application procedure as soon as you give them the sponsorship letter and job contract.
- Online applications are accepted via UK Home Office Visas and Immigration Services’ official website.
- Send in the necessary paperwork and the forms.
- Cover the costs for a UK work visa.
- Await the UK work visa’s processing.
Q1. How long does it take an Indian to get a work visa for the UK?
Ans: According to the employer’s scholarship certificate, an Indian passport holder must apply for a work visa three months prior to the start of employment. After the date of your application, your UK visa will be processed in three weeks.
Q2. Can someone participating in a short-term training or research programme work in the UK?
Ans: Similar to a student visa, the Temporary Work – Government Authorised Exchange Visa permits Indian students pursuing training, research, or fellowships to work up to 20 hours per week in a second job that is not specified in their certificate of sponsorship, as long as it is listed as an occupation in shortage for skilled workers. This visa does not allow you to work in a permanent position, nevertheless.
Q3. Is it simple for Indians to obtain a UK work visa?
Ans: The UK immigration system has undergone significant operational changes as of 2021. The United Kingdom seeks to restrict employment in the nation to those who fulfil specific requirements. Among the fundamental standards are the following:
have an equivalent secondary education
possess strong communication abilities in English
possess a sponsorship certificate
Fulfil the conditions for minimum wage