The Reasoning Section of any bank exam is very important. It contains within it various different important topics like Seating arrangement, Coding decoding, Statement Conclusion, Machine Input, Decision making, Classification, Statements & assumptions and Inequalities. This is not a section to take lightly. The Inequality section usually has 3-5 questions and it is often considered one of the easiest topics in Reasoning. But, it can pose a challenge if you do not know the basics and can consume too much time if you don’t know certain tricks. Therefore, I have compiled a list of Easy Tricks to solve Inequality in Reasoning for Bank Exam 2020.
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Introduction to Inequality Based Questions
In these questions, you will be provided with a statement consisting of a group of elements. These elements will be having a certain coded relationship among them which is denoted by different inequality symbols like >, <, = etc.
You should know the meaning of different symbols which will help you in finding the relationship between the different elements of a statement.
Symbols and their Meanings
A > B means A is Greater than B.
A < B means A is Smaller than B
A = B means A is Equals to B.
A ≠ B means A is either greater than or smaller than B
A ≥ B means A is Greater than or Equals to B
A ≤ B means A is Smaller than or Equals to B
Statements and their Conclusions
If the statements are any of these P>Q>R, P>Q≥R, P≥Q>R, P=Q>R, P>Q=R, then the conclusion is P>R.
If the statements are any of these P<Q<R, P<R, P<Q≤R, P≤Q<R, P=Q<R, P<Q=R, then the conclusion is P<R.
If the statements are any of these P≥Q≥R, P=Q≥R, P≥Q=R, then the conclusion is P>R or P=R.
If the statements are any of these P≤Q≤R, P=Q≤R, P≤Q=R, then the conclusion is P<R or P=R.
If the statements are any of these P<Q>R, P≤Q>R, P<Q≥R, P>Q<R, P>Q≤R, P≥Q<R, then no conclusion can be inferred.
Types of Questions asked
Inequality based questions are provided in two types:
Direct Inequality in which direct symbols will be given in the statement.
Coded Inequality in which coded symbols (e.g. @, %, $, etc.) will be given and what they signify will be provided separately (e.g. @ means >, % means <, etc.)
Both kinds of questions can be solved easily once you have gone through the above statements and their conclusions.
Tricks to solve Problems Easily
You should keep in mind the priority order while solving these type questions, they are:
Priority 1: < or >, Priority 2: ≥ or ≤ and Priority 3: =.
Trick 1: Whenever in a statement you get both the priority 1 in opposite order (A>B<C) there will be a conflict and thus no conclusion.
If A > B < C, then A < C = False & C > A = False.
But, If A > B >C then A > C = True, C < A = True
Essentially, whenever these two sign come in opposite directions, the answer will be false.
Trick 2: Whenever in a statement you get both the priority 2 in opposite order (A≥ B ≤C) there will be a conflict and thus no conclusion.
If A ≥ B ≤ C, then A ≤ C = False & C ≥ A = False.
But, If A ≥ B ≥ C, then A ≥ C = True, C ≤ A = True.
Trick 3: When it occurs to you that the statement of order is opposite just change the sign in the alternate direction
These were some tricks to solve problems related to inequality in Reasoning for any Bank Exam. But, it isn’t sufficient to only know the tricks. The key to mastering it is Practice. Practice makes Perfect, the saying holds true even here. If you find it hard to find a source to get practice questions on virtually any section in the exam, then look no further, the Entri App provides a plethora of Problems to solve. This will undoubtedly help you master the section and face any question fearlessly. Also, the Entri App will provide you with a cornucopia of Mock Tests to attempt. If you don’t know why Mock Tests are crucial to your preparations, then click here to find out why. This is the perfect time to put your head down and prepare. Utilize your time well. Good Luck and Stay Safe.