A Tribe is a social division in a traditional society consisting of families linked by social,economic,religious or blood ties,with a common culture and dialect.In this article, we have enlisted list of tribes in India which is important for competitive exams like PSC, SSC, RRB, Banking etc.
Tribes in India
Constitution of India has recognized tribal communities in India under ‘Schedule 5’ of the constitution. Hence the tribes recognized by the Constitution are known as ‘ Scheduled Tribes’. There are around 645 distinct tribes in India.
There are certain qualities and characteristics that make a tribe a unique cultural,social and political entity which may include,
- Geographical isolation
- Distinctive culture,language and religion
- Shyness of contact etc.
The constitution of India under its ‘schedule 5’ has recognized tribal communities in India and they are known as ‘Scheduled Tribes’.Article 366(25) of the constitution defines scheduled tribes as “such tribes or tribal communities or part of or groups within such tribes or tribal communities as are deemed under Article 342 to the scheduled tribes(ST) for the purposes of this constitution”.
List Of Tribes In India
There are around 645 distinct tribes in our country.The major tribes in India and their location are listed below.
- Andhra Pradesh
- Arunachal Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh
- Jammu and Kashmir
- Madhya Pradesh
- Tamil Nadu
- Uttar Pradesh
- West Bengal
- Andaman and Nicobar
- Little Andaman
- North East
As per the census 2001,total population of scheduled tribes is 84,326,240 which is 8.2% of the total population of the country.In Lok Sabha there is reservation of seats for Scheduled Tribes.
‘Entri’ reminds every government job aspirants to make yourself thorough on this topic as the syllabus of most of the government exams demands a deep understanding on it.