Polity is a vital subject of competitive examination with reference to the civil service. It plays a very important role in the three stages of UPSC civil service examination-Prelims, Mains or Interview. Even after the candidate gets into service, the importance of the subject is carried forward as it forms an vital part of the administration. The UPSC General Studies Paper is entitled “Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations”. It is a 250-marks subjective paper that is accountable for merit. It means the score secured in the UPSC General Studies Paper is taken for determining the final rank of the applicant. The scheme or system of government is termed as polity. The subject Polity totally deals with the functioning of the government in the country. The goal of the subject is to provide an in-depth understanding of the executive, legislative, judicial systems and different constitutional authorities in the country. From examination point of view Laxmikant book for Polity till date has been the most recommended book for Indian Polity and Governance section of UPSC for almost all years barring a few which also should be noted as nothing should be missed while preparing for this exam.IAS 2022 Prelims exam is going to be conducted on June 5, 2022. The UPSC CSE Prelims Admit Card for the same is expected to be declared 10 to 15 days before the exam date. The number of vacancies has been increased from 861 to 1011 as per the latest update from UPSC. The system of government termed as polity and it is midway between democracy and oligarchy. The subject deals with the functioning of the government in the country. The goal is to give an good perspective of the legislative, executive, judicial systems and various constitutional authorities in the country. Compared to the previous year, Polity is stepping towards governance and public administration type questions eg- Chief Secretary, Gram Nyayalayas.
The recruitment exam is conducted periodically based on the vacancy and the need of the posts. The events of the examination are Written Exam, Interview, and Document Verification. It is a golden opportunity for candidates to secure a job. The interested and eligible candidates are advised to stay updated regarding the various aspects of the examinations. All the notifications and information will be released by the official website of the examination. Candidates are expected to stay updated and plan their preparation accordingly.
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Insights
|1||Exam Name||IAS (UPSC CSE) 2022|
|2||IAS Full Form||
Indian Administrative Services
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
|5||Exam Frequency||Once a year|
|7||Application Fee||INR 100|
|9||Mode of Exam||
Offline (pen and paper mode)
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Important Dates
|1||Release of Notification – UPSC CSE 2022||02.02.2022|
|2||UPSC Online Registration for UPSC CSE 2022 (Begins on)||02.02.2022|
|3||Deadline to Apply For UPSC CSE 2022||22.02.2022|
|4||UPSC CSE Prelims 2022 Exam||
|5||UPSC CSE Prelims 2022 Result||July|
|6||UPSC CSE Mains 2022 Exam||16.09.2022|
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Exam Pattern
|SI No||Name of the Paper||No of Questions||Marks Allotted||Time Allotted||
Nature of Exam
|1||Paper I: General Studies (Objective-type)||100||200||2 hours||
The score will be considered for Cut-off
|2||Paper-II: General Studies-II (CSAT) (Objective-Type)||80||200||2 hours||
Qualifying Nature- Candidates will have to score 33% to qualify CSAT.
UPSC IAS Polity 2022 – Syllabus
Features of preamble, 42nd Amendment, Swaran Singh committee
Basic idea about 12 schedules
|3||Constitution of India||
Basic idea about All articles
Drafting committee and making of the Constitution
Influence of other constitutions
Its salient features
Union and its Territory
Basic idea about Article 5-11
PIO, NRI, OCI and Pravasi Bharathiya Divas
Privileges available for Indian citizens and foreigners
Citizenship Amendment Act 2016
New policies, schemes and recent changes in voting.
|5||Fundamental Rights (FR)||
Basic idea about Article 12-35
A thorough understanding about Articles 14- 30 and Art. 32
Rights and privileges available to citizens of India only and both to citizens and foreigners
44th amendment act
Different types of Writs
Enforcement and Exceptional cases with regard to FR’s
RTE and recent issues related to FR
Difference between FR and FD
Significance and Criticism
Enforcement of FD’s
Recent issues about FD
|7||Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP)||
Basic idea about Article and Article 36-51 and Article 368
Sources and key features of DPSP
Classification of DPSP
Comparison/ conflicts between Fundamental Rights and Directive Principles
Keshavananda Bharathi, Minerva Mills, Golaknath Case, Maneka Gandhi case.
Important Amendments- 42nd Amendment, 44th Amendment, and 97th amendment
Basic idea about Article 52-73
Qualification and Election
Function and Powers- (Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial, Diplomatic, Military and Emergency Powers)
Resignation and impeachment
Role and responsibilities and relationship with Prime minister, Council of Minister, Cabinet ministers.
Prime minister and council of minister- Basic idea about Article 74-75
Powers and Functions
Council of ministers
Resignation and Removal
Basic idea about Article related
Role and functions of the Parliament
Sessions, Motions, Parliamentary procedure – Summoning, Prorogation, Joint sitting
Parliamentary proceedings like Question Hour, Zero Hour, and Adjournment Motion etc.
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha,
Special powers of Rajya Sabha
Anti defection law and 10th schedule
Bill and law making procedure
Budget, funds and its summary
Basic idea about Article related to the judiciary.
Powers of Supreme court and high court
Qualification and appointment
Recent controversy, verdicts, and constitutional provisions.
|11||State Government- State Executive||
Governor- appointment, removal and special powers.
Executive, Legislative, Financial, Judicial powers and discretionary of governor
7th constitutional amendment
Chief minister and council of ministers
Power of chief minister
State legislature compared to the Parliament with regard to composition, powers, and functions.
Creation and abolition of the Legislative councils
|13||Administration of Union Territories (UT)||
Special provision for Delhi
Administration and jurisdiction in UT’s
|14||Administration of Special Areas||
Basic idea about 5thSchedule 6th Schedule
Recent issues related to Administration of Special Areas
Special provision for Jammu and Kashmir-Article 370
Difference between constitutional provisions related to Jammu and Kashmir
National emergency- Article 352
President’s rule or State emergency- Article 356
Financial emergency- Article 360
44th amendment act
Effects and implications of emergency
Role of President in emergency time
The State of FR, Lok sabha, and Rajya sabha
|16||State-Centre and interstate relations||
Basic idea about Articles 262 and 263
Composition and functions of Interstate council and Zonal council
Inter-State trade and Commerce
Recent disputes between states, controversies etc
New policies or schemes which impact interstate relations
|17||Panchayati raj and municipalities||
Elections, auditing, powers and authority of panchayats
3 tier structure
73rd Amendment Act and 74th Amendment Act
Relation with FR and DPSP
Metropolitan planning committee and urban development
National Commission for SCs and ST’s,
Composition, Powers and functions, Removal of the Constitutional bodies
Basic idea about Composition, Functions, Working of the Non-Constitutional bodies such as National Human Rights Commission, Central Information Commission, Central Vigilance Commission, Central Bureau of Investigation, State Human Rights Commission, State Information Commission etc
Basic idea about Article 323A and tribunals under Article 323B
Recent controversial issues related to tribunals
Different tribunals and importance
|21||Special Provisions for SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians||
Privileges and right issued to SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
Issues related to vulnerable sections like women, child, SC’s, ST’s, Backward Classes, Minorities and Anglo-Indians
Recent issues related to above-mentioned categories
Important schemes, programs, missions, laws, and policies launched by the government.
Recent Government Bills and Governance- actions
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Books to Refer
|SI No||Books To Refer|
NCERT Class XI – Political Science: Indian Constitution at Work (New)
NCERT Class XII – Political Science I: Contemporary World Politics(New)
NCERT Class XII – Political Science II: Politics in India since Independence(New)
Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikanth
Objective Indian Polity: General Studies – Paper I by M. Laxmikanth
Constitution of India (hard copy / soft copy)
Newspaper- The Hindu, Indian Express
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Preparation Tips
Start Your Preparations from Today
There’s a quote which states – no second thought is the luxury of having first strong thought! Today is the day. It’s time you quit procrastination. Start on a positive note and work on it. It’s time to brush off the dust from those big fat books and start preparing. It’s never too late because the early bird catches the worm.
Set Study Goals
A drop of water makes an ocean. Break down the complexity and start with small fragments. Set small, achievable goals for each day. Strike it down once accomplished. These little victories can boost your confidence levels and they can make wonders.
Maintain a Regular Study Pattern
Consistency is the key. Be regular and punctual. Set a study pattern, modify it as per your needs and wants. You know yourself better, so plan accordingly. Use diagrams and flow charts. Graphics and pictures can make a strong impression on the brain and help better understanding.
Intake of Adequate Nutrition and Water
Health is wealth. As simple as it sounds. You are what you eat. So a balanced diet plays a vital role. Drink enough water. Water constitutes about 80 per cent of the cellular components of living cells, so you need to stay hydrated. Food is the fuel for the body. Avoid foods that consume a lot of energy for their metabolism.
Study Sessions and Combined Studies
Believe in teamwork. Associate yourself with people with common interests. Build a strong and healthy friend circle. Arrange study sessions. Group studies are the best way to gain knowledge. Together, you can gather a lot of information or insights about various things.
Practice Papers and Workbooks
Practice makes a man perfect. To gain a perfect score in exams, the key factor is timing. The examination is little about how much information you know. It’s about your ability to analyze the given problem and come up with a solution as quickly as possible. It only comes with practice. Refer to the old question papers to have an idea of questions asked, solve workbooks to have a clear understanding of a wide range of similar questions. Practice every day without fail. Evaluate yourself, work on the areas you are not satisfied with, and retake tests.
Over the last decade, the concept of education has drastically changed, thanks to the internet. Let’s talk about all the positive contributions it has made. Online education during the pandemic brought many ideas and realizations. It redefined the notion of education that was imbibed. Make good use of the internet, the amount of information it has to give is immense. Utilize it, look for tutorial videos and blogs for better understanding. Take up a mock test online and analyze your performance and accordingly, you can plan your preparation.
Ask for Help and Assistance
The preparation for an exam is tough. It’s a long journey. It is not about destination or outcome, it’s about the process. It’s about how effectively you can use the time provided and make the best use of it. At some point, we fail. Accept the failure, do not hesitate. Ask for help. You are not alone. Nobody is born imperfect. Everyone has a story to tell. We are the product of our failures and experiences. All you need to do is step out of your comfort zone and seek help. Communicate and tell them how you feel. I’m sure people around you will be glad to help you out.
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Salary
- The basic per month salary of an IAS officer is Rs. 56,100 (TA, DA, and HRA are extra) and can go on to reach Rs. 2,50,000 for a Cabinet Secretary.
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Selection Process
The first stage of UPSC CSE is the Preliminary or Prelims exam.
- IAS prelims exam is expected to be held on June 05, 2022.
- Mains Exam is the second stage of the IAS selection process.
- IAS mains 2022 will be held after the declaration of the result of IAS prelims 2022.
UPSC IAS Polity Syllabus 2022 – Job Profile
The functional functions of IAS officers vary depending on the kind of assignments they are given. They are given three types of assignments:
- State Secretariat/Public Sector Undertakings
- Central Secretariat
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I hope this article was helpful. The key point to clear an exam lies in methodical and planned preparation. If you are a candidate who wants to pursue your dream career and looking for a good start, our Entri app has got it covered for you. Our team will help you with content and insights related to the topics of your concern. Subscribe to our app today and enrol yourself into various programmes our app offers. Tune in to the app to stay updated regarding various aspects of the subject you are interested in. Feel free to post any queries and doubts in the comment section. We will try our best to reach out. Push away all those self-doubts and negative thoughts. Try to have a clear vision. Ask yourself why you want this. Focus on the good and work hard. There is a saying that goes like this, Get up and set your shoulders to the wheel-how long is life for you? as you have come to this world leave some mark behind or where is the difference between your trees and stones they too come into existence decay and die. Each day is a precious gift bestowed upon us so make it count. Work on yourself. Stop procrastinating. Today is the day, hope for the best. Good luck.