Revolution is the term used to indicate a drastic change in something, India has seen a lots of revolutions so far. Revolutions can be of any type still major revolutions took place are in the field of agriculture, industrial and information. The blog briefly marks the important agricultural revolutions in India and the list provided here with very important key points that every aspirant must remember for the competitive exams like PSC, SSC, RRB, Banking etc.
India is so far depending on agriculture as it is the most important sector of Indian Economy, as this sector accounts for 18% of GDP of India and by becoming the single largest contributor along with fisheries and forestry it accounts for 1/3rd of nation’s overall GDP. It also promotes a employment of around 50% of India’s total work force. This economical sector is considered to be the primary sector which plays a vital role and overall 70% of rural India’s livelihood is depending on this.
Agricultural Revolutions in India
- Protein Revolution
Higher Production (Technology driven 2nd Green revolution), introduced by PM Narendra Modi and Former FM Arun Jaitely
- Yellow Revolution – Oil seed Production (Especially Mustard and Sunflower).
Sam Pitroda is Known as father of Yellow Revolution and was launched in the year of 1987. This revolution was launched in order to increase the production of Edible oil seeds. It is also known as “People Power Revolution”
- Black Revolution – Petroleum products.
- Blue Revolution – Fish Production
Dr. Arun Krishnsnan is known as “Father of Blue revolution”. Blue revolution remarks the emergence of aquaculture as vital. This term refers to active culturing of creatures including all animals and plants, found in marine, brackish, or fresh waters. Aquaculture is considered to be a high agriculture activity. In 1970, a fish water development agency was started which was the reason behind Blue Revolution in India.
- Brown Revolution – Leather , Cocoa , Non-Conventional Products.
Dr. Hiralal Chaudari, ia known as Father of Brown Revolution. Some tribal areas of Vishakapatanam District was the origin of this revolution. It was done to cater to the demand of coffee from developed countries, they tried to teach the tribal people how to grow and preserve coffee, which is socially responsible and eco friendly coffee plantations.
- Golden Fiber Revolution – Jute Production.
- Golden Revolution – Fruits , Honey Production, Horticulture Development
1991- 2003 was considered as period of Golden Revolution in India. Nirpakh Tutej is known as the “Father of Golden Revolution”. During this period a huge increase in production of fruits, honey, vegetables and other horticulture products.
- Grey Revolution – Fertilizers.
Grey revolution promotes the production of fertilizers
- Pink Revolution – Onion Production, Pharmaceuticals, Prawn Production.
Durgesh Patel is considered as father of Pink Revolution, he launched this in order to promote the Pharmaceutical, Onion and prawn production in India.
- Evergreen Revolution
Overall Production of Agriculture which was started in 11th 5 year Plan.
- Silver Revolution – Egg Production & Poultry Production.
This revolution was all about enhancing poultry farming which includes turkey, duck, chicken, goose, emu, quail etc. As it was started at the time of prime minister ship of Smt. Indira Gandhi, she is considered to be the” Father of Silver Revolution.” Silver revolution is a part of animal husbandry which promotes the production of quality meat and eggs.
- Silver Fiber Revolution – Cotton cultivation
- Red Revolution- Meat Production & Tomato Production.
As the colour indicates, both tomatoes and meat are red in colour, and this revolution marked in history for the enhancement in the production quality meat and tomatoes. Vishal Tewari is known as the father of red revolution.
- Round Revolution-Potato
Potato is a tuber which is famous for its nutritional value, with high potassium content, starch content and rich in Vit. C. It is a well known component in diet and potato is one among the most important crops worldwide.
- Green Revolution- Food Grains
Father of Green revolution is Dr. Norman Borlaug and it was a period of drastic productivity in agriculture globally because of advanced technologies. Dr. M. S. Swaminathan is known as Father of Green Revolution in India. The term was coined by William Gaud. Green revolution in India was started in 1960 when India was ruled by Smt.Indira Gandhi.
- White Revolution (Operation Flood) – Milk Production.
It was in 1970, Operation Flood was launched by National Dairy Development Board, India in order to make our country a milk producer from a milk deficient country. Vergheese Kurian is considered as “Father of White Revolution.”
- Almond Revolution – Spice Production
- Ambrosia Revolution – For Connecting Rivers
- Rainbow Revolution
An integral development programme of agriculture, horticulture, forestry, sugarcane, fishery, poultry and animal husbandry (considered as 2nd Green Revolution)
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