A cloud of fire was formed in front of the eyes of the innocent people which wiped out all their lives in a short span of time. Yes, it’s been 75 years since the United States of America (US) inflicted the atomic bomb to the city of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan. August 6 and August 9 were one of the black marks not even in the history of world war II but also in the history of the world itself which gave the gravity of the nuclear weapons and nuclear warfare. Not only the Hiroshima and Nagasaki but also the world is showing the impact of the atomic bombings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. On the Hiroshima Day, when we tend to remember the fearful historic cruelty, let us look into the history and impact of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings. Also attempt free Hiroshima Day quiz which will help you in competitive exam preparation.
Hiroshima a Horror Day in History
It was on 6th August 1945, the American aircraft which is a B-29 bomber flew away with the nuclear weapon named little boy containing the 64 Kg of enriched uranium which was ready for triggering a nuclear fission chain reaction. The Hibakusha (which is a Japanese term used to refer to the nuclear bombing survivors in japan) now also remember that they realised it was an American aircraft when they saw it for the first time because they knew that no Japanese aircraft could fly at that altitude at that time. Paul Tibbets who was the brigadier general in the US Air Force who also flew the B-29 aircraft with the little boy released the little boy gun type atomic bomb in the city of Hiroshima on 6th August 1945 7:30 AM. The bomb took 45 seconds to reach 6000 feet above from the surface of the hypocentre of the bomb in the city. 45 seconds after the releasing of the little boy from the aircraft the nuclear fission chain reaction initiated and a great energy disposal with an explosion took place at 8:15 AM. The impact of the first ever nuclear bombings in the world was so high that 1,40,000 innocent people got killed and made a near future generation with the consequences of the nuclear radiation. The highly populated highly developed city got devastated completely. The remains of the shattered buildings are kept like a memorial for the black day in their life even in the developed modern times.
Why Hiroshima Bombings?
World war II was a tale of horror events. The most horror full event is the bombings of the Hiroshima and Nagasaki. What made the US to detonate their first ever nuclear bomb on Japan forces the readers to take a look back into the history of world war II. The axis powers (Italy-Germany-Europe) were strengthening day by day. The consequences of the first world war which ignited the second war was filled with anger and revenge in the minds of the axis powers. The allied powers (Soviet Union Britain United States of America France) were also at the footsteps of aggression throughout the world war. The axis powers, especially the Nazis of Germany were near to the winning of the world war. To save Britain from the Nazis the US under the leadership of president Franklin D Roosevelt directly became involved in the war opposing the inhibition of the American people. This provoked Japan to destroy Pearl Harbour on 7th December 1941, which was a military naval base of America. The incident forced America to stand against Japan for revenge. In 1945 they detonated the first ever nuclear weapon in the world against Japan at Hiroshima.
Why they Selected Hiroshima?
When we seek answer for this question make us realise how cruel and inhumane was the bombings of America. The war was common between the nations at that time. But mostly the war isn’t accompanied by the killings of the innocent people of a nation. It was always in between the military powers in order to prove themselves and conquer the power. To take revenge for the pearl harbour America selected Hiroshima which was one of the highly populated cities of Japan. Not only was it one of the highly populated cities but also it was the military centre and an important trade centre with a major port in Japan which facilitated the good trade relations. Thus, we can say Hiroshima was the most developed city of that time. Shortly Hiroshima was the heart of Japan. The US realised that creating the life of the lakhs of people into ruckus will make Japan surrender from world war II. For that America selected Hiroshima for the bombings. But even after the grave consequences of the Hiroshima bombings America bombed japan again at Nagasaki after 3 days of Hiroshima bombings which made japan to surrender before America in the world war II.
The Consequences and Impact of the Hiroshima Bombings.
Well, it is obvious regarding the killings of the people and how much lives have been lost. Around 1,40,000 people got killed. But it’s not the final figure because the people who survived were suffering from many diseases because of the nuclear radiations. The near future in Hiroshima was of the victims of the nuclear radiations with genetic diseases.
The city got devastated completely. It was one of the highly developed highly populated cities. Now after 75 years the city has regained his lost harmony of development. Now Hiroshima is a developed city. There is a peace park which bears the tearful memories of the atomic bombings. The most interesting memorial among them is the bomb dome which is then known as Genbaku Dome in Japanese. The Genbaku Dome was built in 1915 with a solid construction and a dome on its top which is claimed that it could withstand even the earthquake. But the fact is that it wasn’t totally shattered in the atomic bomb attack. The shattered figure remains the same even after the 75 years. The building was 200 meters near the hypocentre of the bomb. The building is now known as the atomic bomb dome which stands as a striking memory of the bombing in history. UNESCO has included the atomic bomb dome as one the world heritage sites in 1996. Apart form the peace park which bears the tearful memories of the bombings the rest of the city got developed according to the modern times.
The Historical impact was different. It created two sections in the world. One, the people who realise the dangerous and devastating effect of nuclear bombs on humanity. Two, the possibilities of destruction by atomic bombs for capturing power. The first category was the normal civilian people and the second category was the power enjoying people. The nations in the world started creating nuclear weapons secretly and publicly. After the second world war when the cold war began most of the nations were busy in equipping themselves with nuclear weapons if another war sprouted. The cold war prevailed in the world for a period of 1947 to 1991. At this time the nations were busy in building their own nuclear weapons. On the other side peace enforcing organizations like the United Nations Organization started their mission to stop all the nations from producing and storing nuclear weapons. In 1970 a treaty named Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) came into force between the nations banning them to produce nuclear weapons further. Another treaty named Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) came into force in 1996 as part of the conference of Disarmament forcing nations not to test nuclear weapons. The other major treaty is Nuclear Ban Treaty or rather expanded as Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear weapons which is the first ever legally binding agreement to comprehensively prohibit nuclear weapons, with the goal of leading towards their total elimination. It was passed on 7 July 2017.
NPT is the treaty signed by most of the nations. But India has not signed NPT yet. Because India believes that the treaty is a pseudo peace making treaty because of the provisions. The countries who produced nuclear weapons are allowed to store the weapons according to NPT but prohibited to produce more. But the countries who have not produced yet don’t have the right to produce thereafter. The countries who were at the head of the drafting of the policy and the countries who produced more weapons are the same and it shows their military diplomacy. So India doesn’t believe in the NPT.
There is no doubt that the atomic bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6th August 1945 and 9th August 1945 was the largest killings of the innocent people using the most ever deadliest weapon ever made. Hiroshima Day is a remembrance of the cruellest face of war in the history of world war. Hiroshima Day is a signboard of the devastation of humanity for power. Hiroshima Day stands still as a metaphor for the phrases of saving humanity and world peace. Every Hiroshima Day urges us to submit ourselves to protect and conserve humanity and world peace.