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International days are marked to educate the public on issues of concern, address global problems, and celebrate and reinforce the achievements of humanity. Each international day provides the community an opportunity to organize activities related to the theme and to create public awareness on the same. Organizations, governments, public and private sectors, schools, universities, and citizens make the international day a springboard for awareness-raising actions. In this article let us check on the Engineer’s Day 2022 in India, History, Activities, and Quiz
Engineer’s Day 2022 in India – Tuesday,15 September
In this article, readers can get a glimpse on
- History, about Sir M Visvesvaraya
- Engineers day around the world
- Observation of Engineers day – activities
- Engineer’s day Quiz
History of Engineer’s Day – An Overview
Engineer’s day is one of the most significant events that is celebrated in India The day is dedicated to all the engineers who changed the world with their creative innovations. From the invention of the wheel to the modern-day drones, engineers have provided the vital push for the progress and development of technology. The day is celebrated to salute the contribution of the engineers towards society.
India marked September 15 as engineer’s day to appreciate the contributions of Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya who was born on September 15, 1861, in a village called Muddenahalli in Karnataka. A Bharat Ratna awardee, Visvesvaraya had studied Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Madras and pursued civil engineering at the College of Science in Pune.
About Sir M Visvesvaraya
- Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, KCIE (popularly known as Sir MV; 15 September 1860 – 14 April 1962), FATHER OF ENGINEERS, was an Indian engineer, scholar, statesman, and the Diwan of Mysore from 1912 to 1918.
- He is a recipient of the Indian Republic’s highest honor, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955.
- He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the British Indian Empire (KCIE) by King George V for his contributions to the public good.
- He is best remembered for the instrumental role he played in the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Lake and dam in 1924. This dam not only became the main source of water for irrigation for the nearby areas but was also the main source of drinking water for several cities.
- During the decade of the 1900s, Hyderabad city was reeling under the threats of the flood. He supervised the engineering work at Hyderabad by lending his services as a Special Consulting Engineer in 1909.
- He was appointed as the Chief Engineer of Mysore State in 1909
- He helped in the founding of the Government Engineering College at Bangalore in 1917 which was later renamed the Visvesvaraya College of Engineering in his honor.
- He was awarded independent India’s greatest honor, The Bharat Ratna in 1955 for his relentless work in the fields of engineering and education. He is the recipient of several honorary doctoral degrees from eight universities in India.
Engineer’s Day Date Around the World
Different countries observe Engineer’s day on different dates. Below mentioned are the days in which engineers day is observed in different countries
|Engineer’s day in different countries across the world
|Argenta – June 6
Australia – August 4 to 10
Bahra – July 1
Belgium – March 30
Bolivia – October 6
Brazil – December 11
Bulgaria – February 17 to 23
Canada – March
Chile – May 14
Colombia – August 17
Costa Rica – July 20
Domican Republic – August 14
Ecuador – June 29
Egypt – September 21 or 22
France – April 3
Honduras – July 16
dia – September 15
Iran – February 24
Ireland – February 9 to 15
Italy – June 15
Korea – March 30
Luxembourg – February 8
Malaysia – September 7 to 15
Mauritius – September 13
Mexico – July 1
|Nepal – July 18
Netherlands – third Wednesday of March
Pakistan – January 10
Panama – January 26
Perú – June 8
Poland – August 14
Portugal – November 23
Puerto Rico – May 13 to 19
Romania – September 14
Russia – December 20
Singapore – October 23 and 24
Slovakia – March 16
Slovenia – September
Spa – March 19
Taiwan – June 6
Tanzania – September 4 and 5
Tunisia – October 26
the United Kingdom – March 14 to 23
the United States of America – February 16 to 22
Uruguay – October 12
Venezuela – October 28
Observation of Engineers day – Activities
Following are few activities that can be organized to appreciate and highlight the works of engineers.
1. At schools students Engineers week can be organized with various activities and competitions. Activities like robotic competitions, lego design building, projects out of recyclable materials and various STEM competitions can be conducted to explore the little engineer’s creativity and talents
2. Various Competitions like hackathons can be conducted at engineering colleges to enable the students to utilize their skills to the best of their ability. Workshops can be organized by engineering students inviting the high school students and helping them learn more about the scope for engineering.
3. Career fairs can be conducted exclusively for the engineering field and helping students figure out which branch of engineering can be selected by them based on their passion
4. Identify the engineers in your family and friends circle and let them know their value in society and also appreciate their works
5. Encourage women in Engineering. Give students examples of female engineers such as Debbie Sterling, the founder of GoldieBlox. Give support to the female engineers around and help them in achieving their targets if they need support from others
6. Use social media platforms to provide public recognition to the engineers across the world and also create awareness to the society about the great achievements of the engineers
7. Organisations and offices can conduct activities to encourage and appreciate the little innovative minds among them.
Engineer’s Day Quiz 2022
1. Which bridge, built between 1924 and 1932, is the widest long-span bridge in the world?
A) The Golden Gate Bridge, US
B) The Sydney Harbour Bridge, Australia
C) The Akashi Kaikyo Bridge, Japan
D) Jiangyin Suspension Bridge, China
Answer: b) The Sydney Harbour Bridge is the widest long-span bridge in the world. Including two rail tracks, eight-car lanes, a cycleway, and a pedestrian footway, its total width is 48.8m. The world’s longest bridge is the Second Lake Pontchartrain Causeway, which stretches over 32km across a lake in Louisiana, US. The longest suspension bridge is the Akashi Kaikyo Bridge in Japan, which opened in 1998, and is 1990 meters long.
2. Name the location of this engineering marvel.
Correct Answer: Jammu and Kashmir
Explanation: It’s the Chenab Bridge!
It’s a railway steel arch bridge under construction between Bakkal and Kauri in the Reasi district of Jammu and Kashmir in India. When finished, the bridge will span the Chenab River at a height of 359 m (1,178 ft) above the river, making it the world’s highest rail bridge.
3. Who was the First Indian scientist who got the nobel prize in 1968 for deciphering the genetic code?
Correct Answer: H.G. Khorana
Explanation: The 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine was awarded to Har Gobind Khurana with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for research that showed how the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell, control the cell’s synthesis of proteins.
4. What is the world’s tallest free-standing structure?
A) Eiffel Tower, Paris, France
B) CN Tower, Toronto, Canada
C) Sears Tower, Chicago, US
D) Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan
Answer: b) The CN Tower, Toronto, Canada is the tallest freestanding structure in the world (554m to the top of the antenna) – although newer and taller ones are under construction. The highest building debate continues to rage with most of the world’s tallest structures radio or tv broadcasting towers. The highest supported structure is the KVLY-TV mast in Dakota, US (629m). Taipei 101 is the tallest habitable building (509m to the top of spire). The Sears Tower is 527m to the top of its antenna. The highest structure built at sea is the Petronius Platform, an oil rig in the Gulf of Mexico that is 610m high but only 75m above sea level.
5. What are the tiles of the Sydney Opera House made of?
A) Glazed ceramic
C) Italian marble
D) Glazed granite
Answer: d) Glazed granite. The glazed granite tiles are robust and self-cleaning, but periodically need to be replaced. In 2003, a $151,000 clean-up of the opera house’s highest sail was commissioned to remove the slogan ‘No war’ painted in protest of the commencement of the Iraq War.
6. What is the tallest residential building?
A) Q1, Australia
B) West Point Tower, the Netherlands
C) Hyperion Tower, South Korea
D) Millennium Tower, Vienna
Answer: a) Q1, Australia. The 80-story Queensland Number One or Q1 at Surfer’s Paradise on the Gold Coast is currently the world’s tallest residential building at 323 meters, but will shortly be overtaken by structures nearing completion in Dubai (Princess Tower, 23 Marina) and superstructures planned for the distant future in Tokyo.
7. What is the largest hole ever dug in the Earth?
A) The Panama Canal, Panama
B) Kennecott’s Bingham Copper Mine, Utah, USA
C) The Big Hole, Kimberley, South Africa
D) Excavation for the West Edmonton Mall, Alberta, Canada
Answer: b) Kennecott’s Bingham Copper Mine in Utah is the largest open-pit mine in the world and the largest human-made excavation. Over 4 km in diameter, it represents the removal of more than 15.3 cubic km of Earth. At 1000m depth the Big Hole diamond mine in Africa is the deepest hole dug in the Earth. The West Edmonton Shopping Mall is one of the world’s largest shopping malls and covers 0.5km sq.
Top Engineers In India – List of Top Engineers
1. Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya
The first Indian civil engineer, statesman, and 19th Diwan of Mysore (serving from 1912 to 1918), Sir M. Visvesaraiah (Mokshagundam Vishwesariah), was born on September 15, 1860. In Tanzania, India, and Sri Lanka, September 15 is observed as Engineers’ Day in his honour. Sir M. Visvesaraiah obtained his primary education in Chikballapur. He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1881 from Central College, Bangalore, an affiliate of the University of Madras, and later studied civil engineering at the prestigious College of Engineering, Pune. He was one of the Chief Engineers for the flood protection system for the city of Hyderabad. He was also the Chief Engineer of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in the north-western suburb of Mysuru City, the Laxmi Talav Dam near Kolhapur in south-west Maharashtra, and the Laxmi Talav Dam in the vicinity of Kolhapur. In 1955, Sir M. Visvesaraiah was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest distinction.
2. Satish Dhawan
Satish Dhawan was an Indian mathematician and aeronautical engineer who lived from 25 September 1920 to 3 January 2002, known as the pioneer of experimental fluid dynamics research in India. He completed his education in India and United States. In 1972, he succeeded Vikram Sarabhai, the founder of the Indian space program, as Chairman of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). On 3 January 2002, Dhawan passed away in Bangalore. After his death, the satellite launch center at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, situated about 100 km north of Chennai in South India, was renamed the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in honor. Later, The Department of Mechanical Engineering Building at Indian Institute of Technology Ropar is also named after him as Satish Dhawan Block, IIT Ropar along with The Computer Centre of Uttar Pradesh Textile Technology Instutute Kanpur, which was renamed named as Prof Sathish Dhavan Computer Centre in year 2019.
3. E. Sreedharan
“Metro man of India”. E Sreedharan is an Indian engineer and politician born on 12 June 1930 In God’s on Country, Kerala. He is known as the Metro Man of India and is credited with changing the face of public transportation in India through his leadership in building the Konkan Railway and the Delhi Metro while serving as the managing director of the Delhi Metro Rail Corporation. He belongs to him. He was given the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2001, the Padma Vibhushan in 2008, the Chevalier de la Légion d’honneur by the Government of France in 2005, and was named one of Asia’s Heroes by Time magazine in 2003. If you look at his political career, In 2015, Sreedharan received a three-year appointment from former UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to the High-Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport (HLAG-ST). He is a member of the Mata Vaishno Devi Shrine Board, and he was a member of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s national executive council for a short time before quitting active politics in December 2021.
4. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
“Missile Man of India”. A.P. J Abdul Kalam was an Indian was an Indian aeronautical scientist and statesman who presided as India’s 11th president, Widely referred to as the People’s President, from 2002 to 2007. Dr. Kalam was born and brought up in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu. In 1960, he received his graduation from the Madras Institute of Technology in Aerospace Engineering. Klam later worked as a scientist with the Defense Research and Development Organization’s (DRDO) Aeronautical Development Establishment. He was heavily involved in both India’s military missile development and civilian space programme, earning him the nickname “Missile Man of India” for his contributions to ballistic missile and launch vehicle technology. He also had a significant organisational, technical, and political involvement in India’s 1998 Pokhran-II nuclear tests, which were the country’s first since its initial nuclear test in 1974. Kalam received 7 honorary doctorates from 40 universities. For his work with ISRO and DRDO and his leadership role as a scientific advisor to the government, the Government of India awarded him the Padma Bhushan in 1981 and the Padma Vibhushan in 1990. In 1997, Kalam received India’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, for his contribution to the country’s modernization of defence technology. In a 2012 survey conducted by Outlook India, Kalam was ranked second as the greatest Indian.
5. Verghese Kurien
“Father of the White Revolution”. Verghese Kurien was a social entrepreneur pupularly known as the Father of the White Revolution, who made dairy farming India’s greatest self-sustaining industry and the largest rural employment sector, giving a third of all rural income, thanks to his “billion-liter invention,” Operation Flood. Verghese Kurien is the founder and first chairman of Indian Dairy Development Board. His perseverance pushed the fledgling business Amul to the top of the global market. To replicate Amul’s success nationwide, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri appointed Kurien as the National Dairy Development Board’s head. Varghese Kurian has received numerous awards. The nation presented him with the Padma Vibhushan honour in 1999. In 1965, he received the Padma Shri award, and in 1966, he received the Padma Bhushan. In 1989, Varghese Kurian received the World Food Prize and received the 1963 Magsaysay Award. He pass away on September 9, 2012.
6. Satyan Gangaram Pitroda
“Father of India’s Computer and IT Revolution”. Sam Pitroda, also known as Satyan Gangaram Pitroda, is an Indian inventor and telecom engineer who was born in Titlagarh, in the eastern Indian state of Odisha, on May 4, 1942. Sam Pitroda is popularly known as the Father of India’s Computer and IT Revolution. He also served as the prime minister’s advisor under Dr. Manmohan Singh. He serves as the Chairman of the International Telecommunication Union project World-Tel Limited. Pitroda is the owner of several key technical patents. Pitroda has given several talks on innovation, management, and governance as well as the application of information and communication technology around the world. Pitroda is in charge of the Government of India’s National Information Highway Authority. In 2009, the Government of India honored him with the Padma Bhushan.