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The reasoning section in banking exams executed by IBPS, SBI, RBI, NABARD, etc. is regarded as one of the scoring sections as the questions do not apply any formulae. The right technique and smart strategy can prove helpful in improving your score. The best practice to create command over this section is ‘practice’. The more you practice; the better is your score always.
Essential Tips Solve Cause & Effect Questions with Examples
In the upcoming Banking & Insurance exams, verbal reasoning is an essential part of the reasoning and computer aptitude section. It contains different topics like assumptions, inferences, cause and effect, a course of action, arguments, etc.
In this article, we are delivering you the Essential Concept & Short Tricks on Cause & Effect Questions in Reasoning which are usually asked in all types of Bank Exams. Use these shortcuts to solve questions within minimum time and effort. These shortcuts & Concepts will be extremely helpful for your upcoming SBI, LIC, and IBPS examinations.
Cause & Effect is a significant topic of logical reasoning. Usually, in such questions, the candidates are requested to decide whether a given event is a cause or the effect of some other event. The concept behind putting these questions is to establish the analytical and logical reasoning ability of the aspirants.
Overview of Cause & Effect Section
- Cause and Effect is a significant area of the Reasoning Ability section in banking exams.
- In such questions, you have to decide whether a given event is a cause or the effect of some other event.
- This topic tests your analytical and logical reasoning capability skills.
- Causes are conditions under which possibilities happen. Let’s try to figure out the causes for the following question.
There is a growth in the water level of all the water tanks delivering drinking water to the city during the last fortnight.
II. Most of the trains were rescinded last week due to the waterlogging on the tracks.
1. Argument I is the cause here and statement II is its effect.
2. Argument II is the cause here and statement I is its effect.
3. Both arguments I and II are independent causes.
4. Both arguments I and II are the effects of separate causes.
5. Both arguments I and II are the effects of some common cause.
The problems examined in both statements are the result of a heavy downpour in the area.
Essential Points to Solve Cause And Effect Questions
Point 1: The cause will always appear before the effect. Hence, if two events are presented then the effect that is chronologically antecedent to the other can only be considered as a possible effect.
Point 2: A necessary condition for the circumstance of a specified event is an occurrence in whose absence the event cannot occur.
Point 3: A good condition for the occurrence of an event is a circumstance in whose existence the event must occur.
Point 4: Both the events represent the generalized result that may not be backed by any specific cause but may influence certain other factors.
Point 5: The effects in both the shared statements may be caused or triggered by a third unmentioned event which may thus be called the common cause of the shared events.
Strategy To Solve Cause And Effect Questions
Step I. Review if both the events are at least related.
Step II. Next, if one event foregoes other it means the one that happened earlier might be the cause as the cause always appear before only then we can see its effect.
Step III. Yet, if both the events are in the Present Perfect Tense you would not be capable to resolve what happened earlier, here most assumably one is not the cause of the other but this may not ever be true. In this kind, use your knowledge and logic.
In this kind of question, two statements are provided. Out of these two statements, one may be the cause and the other the effect or either these two may be separate causes of any effect or separate effects of any cause, etc.
The following instances will give you a clear-cut idea to solve this kind of problem.
I. Jo’s father was ill.
II. Jo brought medicine after consulting the doctor.
As Jo’s father was ill, he got medicine on the advice of the doctor.
Therefore, the I statement is the cause while the II statement is the effect.
I. The Central Government has newly announced to finish the rebate on farming.
II. The Central Government meets the financial loss on account of delivering the rebate on farming for the last few years.
As the Central Government met the financial loss on accounts of delivering the rebate on farming for the last few years, therefore, they claimed to finish the rebate of farming.
Therefore statement II is the cause here while statement I is the effect.
In summary, in cause and effect style questions, students are instructed to decide if a typical incident is a cause or an effect of the other. The purpose of the examination is to assess the candidates’ ability to reason logically and analytically. The scientific concept of reason is The idea/fact that the reason that produces the effect should be factually verified, and the provided result must logically flow from the implied cause. Now that you have understood the fundamental concepts and looked at the instances of these kinds of questions, you can solve as many practice tests as possible on the same.