PSC stands for Public Service Commission, which is the exam conducting body of respective states. Whereas, PCS stands for Provincial Civil Services and They are recruited by State Civil Services examination conducted by State Public Service Commission (SPSC). i.e, PSC conducts PCS examination. State Public Service Commission conduct recruitment exams which acts as an entry point for services in the state administration. PSC recruits eligible candidates for various state government departments. In this article we will discuss on the topic PCS vs PSC.
PCS vs PSC – Know the Difference
PCS stands for Provincial Civil Services. This an exam conducted by State Public Service Commission (SPSC) to recruit eligible candidates for State Civil Services department. Hence PSC is the organization that conducts PCS examinations. PCS is also the feeder service for Indian Administrative Service.
PCS Selection Process-
The State Administrative Tribunal (SAT) established by central government on specific request of concerned state government exercises original jurisdiction in relation to recruitment and all service matter of state government employees. Recruitment process involves-
PCS Exam Pattern-
- Preliminary exam consists of 2 papers of Objective type questions.
- Mains examination comprise of 8 papers which are essay/ descriptive type.
- State Civil Services Examination may or may not consist of CSAT paper.
Responsibilities of PCS officer
- To collect land revenue and function as courts in matters of revenue and crime, to maintain law and order, to implement Union and State Government policies, to act as government agent on the field .
- To handle the administration and daily proceedings of the government, including formulation and implementation of policy in consultation with the minister-in-charge, additional chief secretary/principal secretary and secretary of the concerned department.
PCS Career Progression
After completing their training, a PCS officer generally serves as Tehsildar à Deputy Collector (SDMs) à city magistrate additional district magistrate(ADM) à chief development officer (CDO).
At Divisional level-
additional divisional commissioners à Additional Commissioner (Development), Additional Commissioner (Revenue) and Additional Commissioner (Executive).
At the state secretariat-
special secretaries, joint secretaries
In municipal corporations administered by the Department of Urban Development – PCS officers serve as municipal commissioners and additional municipal commissioners
In development authorities administered by the Department of Housing and Urban Planning, PCS officers generally serve as secretaries.
PSC (Public service Commission)
In the Articles 315 to 323 in Part XIV of the Constitution of India provides for the establishment of Public Service Commission for the Union and a Public Service Commission for each State. Public Service Commission in every state conducts examinations to recruit eligible candidates to state services and to advise the governor on disciplinary matters.
List of Public Service Commission in India-
|Public Service Commission||Headquarters||External Link|
|Union Public Service Commission||New Delhi||http://www.upsc.gov.in|
|State Public Service Commission|
|Andhra Pradesh Public Service Commission||Vijayawada||https://psc.ap.gov.in/|
|Arunachal Pradesh Public Service Commission||Itanagar||http://www.appsc.gov.in/|
|Assam Public Service Commission||Guwahati||http://www.apsc.nic.in|
|Bihar Public Service Commission||Patna||http://www.bpsc.bih.nic.in|
|Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission||Raipur||http://www.psc.cg.gov.in|
|Goa Public Service Commission||Panaji||http://gpsc.goa.gov.in/|
|Gujarat Public Service Commission||Gandhinagar||http://www.gpsc.gujarat.gov.in|
|Haryana Public Service Commission||Panchkula||http://www.hpsc.gov.in|
|Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission||Shimla||http://www.hp.gov.in/hppsc|
|Jammu and Kashmir Public Service Commission||Srinagar||http://jkpsc.nic.in/|
|Jharkhand Public Service Commission||Ranchi||http://www.jpsc.gov.in|
|Karnataka Public Service Commission||Bangalore||http://kpsc.kar.nic.in/|
|Kerala Public Service Commission||Thiruvananthapuram||http://www.keralapsc.gov.in/|
|Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission||Indore||http://www.mppsc.com|
|Maharashtra Public Service Commission||Mumbai||http://www.mpsc.gov.in|
|Manipur Public Service Commission||Imphal||http://mpscmanipur.gov.in|
|Meghalaya Public Service Commission||Shillong||http://mpsc.nic.in/mpsc/|
|Mizoram Public Service Commission||Aizwal||http://mpsc.mizoram.gov.in/|
|Nagaland Public Service Commission||Kohima||http://www.npsc.co.in|
|Odisha Public Service Commission||Cuttack||http://www.opsc.gov.in/|
|Punjab Public Service Commission||Patiala||http://www.ppsc.gov.in|
|Rajasthan Public Service Commission||Ajmer||http://www.rpsc.rajasthan.gov.in/|
|Sikkim Public Service Commission||Gangtok||http://www.spscskm.gov.in|
|Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission||Chennai||http://www.tnpsc.gov.in|
|Telangana State Public Service Commission||Hyderabad||http://www.tspsc.gov.in/|
|Tripura Public Service Commission||Agartala||http://www.tpsc.gov.in|
|Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission||Allahabad||http://www.uppsc.org.in|
|Uttarakhand Public Service Commission||Haridwar||http://www.ukpsc.gov.in|
|West Bengal Public Service Commission||Kolkata||https://www.pscwbonline.gov.in/apps/home/|
The Duties and Functions of the Public Service Commission
- To conduct examinations for appointments to the services of the state.
- To advise-
a. on all matters relating to the methods of recruitment to civil services and for civil posts.
b. On the principles to be followed in making appointments to civil services and posts and in making promotions and transfers from one service to another and on the suitability of candidates for such appointments, promotions or transfers.
c. On all disciplinary matters affecting a person serving under the Government in civil capacity, including memorials or petitions relating to such matters.
d. On any claim by or in respect of a person who is serving or has served under the Government in a civil capacity that any cost incurred by him in defending legal proceedings instituted against him in respect of acts done or purporting to be done in the execution of his duty should be paid out of the Consolidated Fund of the State.
e. On any claim for the award of pension in respect of injuries sustained by a person while serving under the Government in a civil capacity etc.
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