Reasoning Ability is one of the most scoring section in the competitive exams. With thorough practise and analysis, one can score full marks in this section. There are various topics in the Reasoning Ability section, which could help you score high in Bank, PSC, SSC, RRB exams. Analogy series is one among them. Analogy series is commonly asked in the prelims exams. We can expect 5-10 questions from this topic. But surprisingly, analogy series clubbed with coding-decoding, direction sense and puzzles are asked in mains exam these days. In this article, we are discussing various questions and answers in the Analogy series.
What is Analogy Series and How to Approach?
Analogy means ‘with respect to’ or ‘correspondence’. Mainly three types of questions are asked in examinations.
In analogy tests, a particular relationship is hip has to be given and another similar relationship has to be identified from the alternatives provided.
The relationship between the given numbers is detected and then applied to the second part to find the missing numbers.
The relation between two given sets of letters is established and applied to the other set.
Let’s discuss Analogy series through some examples
1.Candle: Wax :: Paper : ?
(a) Wood (b) Tree (c) Bamboo (d) Pulp (e) None of these
Answer: (d) Pulp
Explanation :Candle is made from wax. Paper is made from pulp
2. Acting : Theatre :: Gambling: ?
(a) Casino (b) Club (c) Bar (d) Gym (e) None of these
Answer: (a) Casino
Explanation: Acting is performed at theatre, Gambling is at Casino.
3. Ship : Sea :: Camel : ?
(a) Forest (b) Land (c) Mountain (d) Desert (e) None of these
Answer: (d) Desert
Explanation: Ship is found at sea, and camel is found in the desert.
4. Harp : Drum :: Flute : ?
(a) Violin (b) bugle (c) Harmonium (d) Piano (e) None of these
Answer: (b) bugle
Explanation: The sound produced by Drum is called Harp whereas, the sound produced by bugle.
5. ‘Sugarcane’ is related to ‘Juice’ in the same way ‘Mustard’ is related to?
(a) Field (b) Oilseed (c) Oil (d)Mamre (e) None of these
Explanation: Juice is obtained from sugarcane in the same way, oil is obtained from mustard.
6. 21: 3 :: 574 : ?
(a) 23 (b) 82 (c) 97 (d) 113 (e) None of these
Answer: (b) 82
Explanation: The relation is 7x: x
7. 3: 11 :: 7 : ?
(a) 22 (b) 29 (c) 18 (d) 51 (e)None of these
Answer: (c) 18
Explanation: The relation is x: x^2/2
8. ABCD: OPQR :: WXYZ : ?
(a) EFGH (b) KLMN (c) QRST (d) STUV (e)None of these
Answer (b) KLMN
Explanation: Each letter of the first group is moved fourteen steps forward to obtain the corresponding letter of the second group.
9. ‘Sword’ is related to ‘Slaughter’ in the same way as ‘ Scalpel’ is related to?
(a) Murder (b) Stab (c) Surgery (d) Chopping (e)None of these
Answer: (c) Surgery
Explanation: Second denotes the purpose for which the first is used
10. ‘Indiscreet’ is related to ‘Imprudent’ in the same way as ‘Indisposed’ is related to?
(a) Concerned (b) Crucial (c) Clear (d) Reluctant (e)None of these
Answer: (d) Reluctant
Explanation: The words in each pair are synonyms
Let’s analyse more Questions on Analogy
1. ‘Soap’ is related to ‘Wash’ in the same way ‘Broom’ is related to?
(a) Clean (b) dust (c) sweep (d) floor (e)None of these
Answer: (c) sweep
2. ‘Bread’ is related to ‘Bakery’, in the same way, ‘Brick’ is related to
(a) Mint (b) Klin (c) furnace (d) mine (e)None of these
Answer: (b) Klin
3. 1 : 1 :: 25 : ?
(a) 26 (b) 125 (c) 240 (d) 625 (e)None of these
4. 9 : 80 :: 100 : ?
(a) 901 (b) 1009 (c) 9889 (d) 9999 (e)None of these
5. 12 :: 144 : ?
(a) 22: 464 (b) 20: 400 (c) 15: 135 (d) 10 : 140 (e)None of these
Answer: (b) 20: 400
6. BPM : GNJ :: ? : CLBK
(a) GBLD (b) EMGH (c) GNFM (d) EMDL (e) CLDM
Answer: (d) EMDL
7. Car : Garage :: Aeroplane : ?
(a) port (b) depot (c) hangar (d) harbour (e)None of these
8. Reluctant: Keen :: Remarkable : ?
(a) Usual (b) Restrained (c) Striking (d) Evocative (e)None of these
9. ‘Trigonometry’ is related to ‘Triangles’ in the same way as ‘Mensuration’ is related to?
(a) Geometry (b) Circles (c) Areas (d) Polygons (e)None of these
10. 583 : 293 :: 488 : ?
(a) 291 (b) 378 (c) 487 (d) 581 (e)None of these
As said earlier, practice is the only key to success. Practice as many questions on the topic until you become a pro on the topic. You may not need to master all these topics, but make sure that you are able to attempt questions of all levels from the topic with good speed as well as accuracy. Practice with Entri app from now on so that you can get your dream job as soon as possible.