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Data science career is one of the most in-demand professional fields in technology today. Data scientists do more than just analyze, mine, and programme data; they also write code and use statistics to change data. These insights might assist organizations in measuring their social effect or help businesses calculate return on investment (ROI).
The broad area of data science is essential to everyday tasks in society, including maintaining medical records, monitoring political campaigns, and stocking food stores. Being involved in this expanding industry might make for an exciting and rewarding career.
Data science offers numerous job prospects. This is a guide to jobs in data science, what it entails, how to enter into the field, and the skills needed.
What is Data Science?
Statistics and data mining created data science. It is situated at the nexus of data science, research, machine learning, and software development. It falls into the domains of business, statistics, and computer science in academia. To convert data patterns into research that informs businesses, government agencies, and other organisations, data experts develop algorithms.
The rapid evolution of information technology has given rise to data science. It is necessary to make sense of everything with relation to government, business, and other areas.
Data Science Career – Skills
Before getting started in a career like data science, it might be beneficial to have a variety of technical abilities, like:
- Deep knowledge and familiarity with statistical analysis
- Machine learning
- Deep learning
- Data visualization
- Ability to manage unstructured data
- Familiarity with SAS, Hadoop, Spark, Python, R, and other data analysis tools
- Big data processes, systems, and networks
- Software engineering
- Communication skills
- Critical thinking and logic
- Business acumen
- Adaptability and flexibility
- Problem solving
Data Science Career – Job Outlook
The US Bureau of Labour Statistics projects that by 2031, the job growth rate for data scientists in particular would increase by 21%. According to Glassdoor, it will rank as the third-best employment in the United States in 2022.
Data Science Job Roles
There are many different data science jobs available. They are all essential for making important business decisions. Numerous job kinds listed below frequently collaborate on the same team.
Data scientists create models with computer languages such as Python. They then develop apps based on these concepts. They frequently assist in the solution of complicated problems by analysing data and forecasting the future while working in teams, such as those that include business analysts, data engineers, and data (or IT) architects. Generally speaking, this position is viewed as a more sophisticated form of data analyst.
Average salary : ₹12,40,000
Skills Needed: Data analysis, big data procedures, statistics, mathematics, machine and deep learning, programming abilities, and tools like Hadoop, SQL, and more.
Education: Bachelor’s degree in the same field, though data science bootcamps, master’s programmes, and professional credentials are increasingly helping career changers attain their goals. Over 94% of data scientists have a master’s or doctorate degree, per a Burtch Works survey on data scientists and pay.
Data analysts, as opposed to data scientists, use structured data to address business challenges. Data analysts gather, clean, and reorganise data for analysis in order to identify trends that can be translated into business insights. They do this by using technologies like SQL, Python, and R, statistical analysis, and data visualisation. They frequently serve as a liaison between business analysts and data scientists.
Average salary: ₹6,70,030
Skills needed: Math and statistics, data visualisation, and programming languages (SQL, Python, R, SAS)
Education: A bachelor’s degree in mathematics, computer science, finance, statistics, or a closely related discipline is required.
Data architects build strategies to combine and manage various data sources, creating the blueprints for data management systems. They are in charge of the infrastructure and underlying procedures. Enabling staff to obtain information when needed is their primary objective.
Average salary: ₹25,30,000
Skills Needed: Python and Java coding, data mining and administration, machine learning, SQL, and data modelling
Education: A bachelor’s degree in data science, computer science, or related field. A boot camp or professional degree can assist you advance your data management abilities if you’re changing careers.
Data engineers prepare and manage massive amounts of data. In addition, they create and enhance infrastructure and data pipelines, preparing the data for use by business analysts and data scientists. Data engineers facilitate access to data so that companies can maximise their efficiency.
Average US salary: ₹9,50,000
Skills Needed: Programming languages such as Java, understanding of NoSQL databases (MongoDB), and frameworks like Apache Hadoop
Education: A bachelor’s degree in a business-related subject, science, or math is beneficial. Another option for brushing up on abilities is to enrol in boot camps or professional qualifications.
Machine Learning Engineer
As a data scientist or engineer, you can advance into this career; it’s not an entry-level one. Machine learning interprets data and gradually increases accuracy by using algorithms that mimic how humans learn and behave. Machine learning engineers study, create, and construct artificial intelligence that supports machine learning as a member of a data science team. They also act as a point of contact for data architects, data scientists, and other professionals.
Average US salary: ₹12,50,000
Skills Needed: Knowledge of tools such as Spark, Hadoop, R, Apache Kafka, Tensorflow, Google Cloud Machine Learning Engine, and others. It also helps to have a fundamental understanding of computer science, quantitative analysis, and data structures and modelling.
Education: A master’s degree or maybe a Ph.D in computer science or a similar discipline is frequently required. Enrol in Machine Learning, one of Entri’s most well-liked courses, to get an introduction to this topic.
In your role as a business analyst, you will analyse data to generate business insights and offer suggestions to businesses and organisations on how to enhance their procedures and systems. Business analysts help companies become more efficient and save expenses by identifying problems with any aspect of the company, including workforce development and organisational structures.
Average US salary: ₹7,90,000
Skills Needed: Financial modelling, data and financial analysis, data visualisation, business savvy, and SQL and Excel
Education: Bachelor’s degree in economics, finance, computer science, statistics, business, or a related field
Path to Data Science Career
You may be wondering where to begin in data science with so many intriguing alternatives. These are the measures you can take to prepare for your future in big data or machine learning, regardless of whether you are just starting out or changing careers.
Pursue a formal education in data science
A degree or certificate can be an excellent starting point for any data science position.
Having a bachelor’s degree in computer technology, business, statistics, data science, math, economics, or a similar discipline will often give you an advantage when applying. These programmes will teach you how to solve problems with tools, systems, and statistics as well as how to analyse data.
But don’t be concerned if your bachelor’s degree is in the arts or humanities. In the field of data science, your capacity for critical and creative thought is still valued. You also have a few possibilities if you don’t have a degree at all.
Online courses and professional certificates
Whether or not you have a bachelor’s degree, applying for data science-related jobs may benefit from taking an online course or earning a professional credential.
For extra credibility, you might include a list of these courses on LinkedIn or your résumé. These courses will prepare you for at least an entry-level position and usually take several months to finish (on a part-time basis).
Numerous bootcamps are available if you’re ready to commit a few weeks or months to gaining the skills required for a job in data science. While some bootcamps are conducted online or at your own pace, others take place in-person over a few weeks or months with a cohort. The network and community you’ll have access to after completing an in-person bootcamp are among its advantages.
Some of the most well-known online course providers are Entri and IITs .Popular courses taught by university professors are available there, and if you complete the criteria, you can get a credential. Additionally, universities are beginning to provide cheaper, shorter online data science courses that are equivalent to complete degrees. These days, bootcamps are becoming more and more well-liked. Leading the way in this new model of learning that provides more immersive and intensive learning experiences is our very own data science bootcamp.
Build a strong portfolio of data science projects
With a degree or a bootcamp in data science, you’ve taken the first step towards foundational understanding. The next stage is to prepare a solid project portfolio in order to apply for data science jobs. This might serve as a showcase for prospective clients or employers of your abilities.
Immerse yourself in all things data science
Reading books and articles written by seasoned data scientists will help you achieve this. This will assist you in comprehending the terminology and methods of thinking employed in the field, in addition to the difficulties and trends of the present. An Introduction to Statistical Learning: With Applications in R and Doing Data Science are two excellent books you should read.
Choose a project
Identify a subject or question that interests you and collect relevant data. Obtaining high-quality raw data to work with is challenging and frequently presents a challenge for those who are just starting to construct a portfolio. However, a lot of people have been in your position before, and here is where the data science community is useful.
Work on the data
Next, begin analysing and interpreting the data using your data science expertise, and then clearly and persuasively communicate your conclusions.
You may find plenty of examples of data science projects online from which to draw inspiration. These can aid with your comprehension:
- What kinds of subjects are good to work on,
- How to work through a question,
- How to explain your results to an audience, or
- How to build the proper code to solve a problem
Attend industry events and network with professionals
Attending industry events and networking with specialists is an excellent approach to learn about current data science subjects. It’s also a useful approach to learn about the various job profiles that employers in the data science sector are seeking candidates for.
Data science is a field that is always changing. An online job posting should make it easy for you to comprehend the general needs of a data scientist. These job descriptions might also help you understand the particular requirements of the firm for these positions. When conducting your research, you’ll come across a wide range of job titles, including Decision Scientist, Machine Learning Engineer, and Data Engineer. In these situations, speaking with members of the hiring team or data science department directly to learn more about the position’s position within the company and its daily responsibilities might be helpful.
Even if you’re not actively seeking employment, networking can help you get insight into the requirements for being a successful data scientist and obtaining a position. You can concentrate your time and efforts on bridging the gaps in your present skill set when you’ve identified them.
It’s now simpler than ever to network with professionals and fellow students in the field thanks to social media and online events. It’s a good idea to change your perspective to become an important member of the data science community rather than just concentrating on networking for job applications. Making contacts and immersing yourself in the field will inevitably lead to work prospects. Seek out local or virtual conferences, meetings, and other events where you can network with other data scientists and gain knowledge about the newest developments in the field.
Experience: How can I apply for jobs in data science?
After you’ve completed a course or certificate and earned the requisite abilities, you’ll want to gain some work experience.
Entry-level job or internship:
Applying to positions that target those just entering the data science industry will be your best bet if you want to secure your first internship or employment. In this manner, you’ll be able to feel encouraged as you advance in your work, demonstrate your value, and grow your skill set.
Several job searchers claim that they applied to hundreds of positions before getting an interview. Don’t give up though—positions in data science are also in demand. Your diligence will be rewarded.
Once you’ve landed an interview, practise talking about your process with a non-technical acquaintance. Act as though the interviewer is unfamiliar with your project to allow you to discuss your tool selections and the reasoning behind your algorithm coding. It will be important for you to demonstrate your familiarity with the systems and languages you will be working with.
Q1.Does data science require coding?
Ans: Yes, coding is a necessary ability for data scientists to have. To handle and analyse big datasets, they must be fluent in programming languages like Python, R, and SQL. However, depending on the particular job and industry, different levels of coding expertise may be needed.
Q2. Is a career in data science difficult?
Ans: Entering the field of data science is not inherently difficult, though it may take some time and commitment. Anyone may become a successful data scientist with the correct attitude, training, and experience. It’s critical to begin by gaining the required knowledge and resources, developing a portfolio, and establishing connections with other professionals in the field.
Q3. How can I go into data science if I have no prior experience?
Ans: To start a career in data science without any prior expertise, there are multiple options. Participating in data science competitions, networking with industry people, taking online classes or bootcamps, and working on personal projects to develop a portfolio are a few choices.
Q4. What qualifications are required to become a data scientist?
Ans: While there is no single path to becoming a data scientist, the majority of professionals in this industry have a bachelor’s degree in a related field such as computer science, statistics, or mathematics. Furthermore, a lot of data scientists hold PhDs or Masters degrees, among other advanced degrees. But because to recent adjustments, businesses are now more interested in considering capabilities than just credentials.